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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Science and Technology in the Economy

Employment in High-Technology Establishments as a Percentage of Total Employment



Findings

  • Employment in high-technology industries in the United States decreased slightly from 13.6 million in 2003 to 13.4 million in 2010.
  • Nationwide, the value of this indicator changed little from 2003 (11.96%) to 2010 (11.99%).
  • States varied greatly on this indicator in 2010, ranging from 6.26% to 17.67% of their workforce employed in high-technology industries.
  • During the 2003–10 period, Michigan and New York recorded the largest net losses of jobs in high-technology industries, while Virginia, Georgia, and Colorado posted the largest net gains of jobs in high-technology industries.
  • States were distributed similarly on the high-technology employment and high-technology establishment indicators.


Description

This indicator represents the extent to which a state’s workforce is employed in high-technology industries. High-technology industries are defined as those in which the proportion of employees in technology-oriented occupations is at least twice the average proportion for all industries. High-technology occupations include scientific, engineering, and technician occupations that employ workers who generally possess in-depth knowledge of the theories and principles of science, engineering, and mathematics at a postsecondary level.

The data pertaining to establishments in 2003 through 2008 are based on their classification according to the 2002 edition of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). The data for the years 2009 and 2010 are based on their classification according to the 2007 edition of the NAICS. See table 8-A in the chapter introduction for a list of the industries (by NAICS code) that are defined as high technology. Data on total employment and NAICS industry establishment employment in high-technology establishments are provided by the U.S. Census Bureau and differ from workforce data provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Total employment refers to all U.S. business establishments with paid employees, but does not include crop and animal production, rail transportation, the postal service, or most government employees.


Data Table

Table 8-55
Employment in high-technology establishments as a percentage of total employment, by state: 2003, 2007, and 2010
 
Employment in high-technology
establishments
Total employment High-technology/total
employment (%)
State 2003 2007 2010 2003 2007 2010 2003 2007 2010
 
United States 13,563,122 14,152,153 13,428,176 113,373,663 120,579,971 111,956,736 11.96 11.74 11.99
Alabama 152,879 160,545 164,889 1,597,265 1,722,354 1,567,725 9.57 9.32 10.52
Alaska 21,851 30,766 36,813 216,707 244,560 254,694 10.08 12.58 14.45
Arizona 234,603 263,246 238,931 1,997,990 2,403,472 2,065,596 11.74 10.95 11.57
Arkansas 95,180 89,819 95,963 988,822 1,031,129 964,899 9.63 8.71 9.95
California 1,781,830 1,838,795 1,715,056 12,986,496 13,767,970 12,534,832 13.72 13.36 13.68
Colorado 274,979 302,681 303,701 1,883,883 2,075,404 1,955,624 14.60 14.58 15.53
Connecticut 210,114 208,417 195,895 1,550,615 1,538,977 1,436,754 13.55 13.54 13.63
Delaware 52,349 47,144 44,535 385,098 396,251 358,811 13.59 11.90 12.41
District of Columbia 54,314 59,284 67,828 422,912 454,512 463,070 12.84 13.04 14.65
Florida 576,274 632,765 585,325 6,548,276 7,423,816 6,624,005 8.80 8.52 8.84
Georgia 413,384 435,409 447,211 3,386,590 3,647,746 3,315,180 12.21 11.94 13.49
Hawaii 25,777 28,932 29,955 458,952 518,928 478,798 5.62 5.58 6.26
Idaho 55,706 60,056 54,000 466,379 544,337 487,901 11.94 11.03 11.07
Illinois 646,285 644,910 606,229 5,204,887 5,397,867 4,978,701 12.42 11.95 12.18
Indiana 219,598 240,529 220,867 2,540,554 2,647,861 2,400,566 8.64 9.08 9.20
Iowa 102,387 98,655 103,641 1,232,709 1,303,265 1,252,828 8.31 7.57 8.27
Kansas 155,023 160,739 156,591 1,109,699 1,168,907 1,127,221 13.97 13.75 13.89
Kentucky 121,838 132,400 122,950 1,471,622 1,550,035 1,456,297 8.28 8.54 8.44
Louisiana 137,029 145,219 141,384 1,603,492 1,645,547 1,600,202 8.55 8.82 8.84
Maine 35,184 39,004 37,840 488,788 503,725 480,302 7.20 7.74 7.88
Maryland 315,887 353,025 331,437 2,088,552 2,238,894 2,075,391 15.12 15.77 15.97
Massachusetts 460,984 495,550 442,407 2,974,164 3,073,572 2,928,453 15.50 16.12 15.11
Michigan 499,133 449,369 390,824 3,884,881 3,686,604 3,287,170 12.85 12.19 11.89
Minnesota 315,994 351,940 308,919 2,381,860 2,525,488 2,358,867 13.27 13.94 13.10
Mississippi 66,566 64,539 63,467 912,004 941,215 881,489 7.30 6.86 7.20
Missouri 254,299 265,680 254,464 2,387,245 2,457,551 2,292,521 10.65 10.81 11.10
Montana 20,296 23,340 24,377 302,932 353,717 338,366 6.70 6.60 7.20
Nebraska 68,975 65,653 63,881 774,858 795,489 769,404 8.90 8.25 8.30
Nevada 61,847 74,288 64,882 970,678 1,195,473 1,002,731 6.37 6.21 6.47
New Hampshire 63,264 66,235 75,371 540,132 573,026 562,382 11.71 11.56 13.40
New Jersey 550,224 563,587 518,502 3,578,674 3,661,138 3,365,857 15.38 15.39 15.40
New Mexico 60,399 71,616 70,027 571,057 642,068 600,269 10.58 11.15 11.67
New York 823,992 796,369 744,789 7,415,430 7,528,488 7,264,463 11.11 10.58 10.25
North Carolina 349,424 379,831 347,943 3,337,552 3,585,951 3,233,868 10.47 10.59 10.76
North Dakota 20,584 29,850 24,590 258,878 292,851 294,794 7.95 10.19 8.34
Ohio 531,491 520,079 490,703 4,769,406 4,781,448 4,353,123 11.14 10.88 11.27
Oklahoma 132,887 142,168 136,082 1,184,312 1,307,578 1,241,178 11.22 10.87 10.96
Oregon 152,140 162,690 164,454 1,338,380 1,476,970 1,350,947 11.37 11.02 12.17
Pennsylvania 566,406 558,193 556,446 5,028,650 5,194,723 4,975,537 11.26 10.75 11.18
Rhode Island 35,806 40,738 37,962 427,369 441,293 398,960 8.38 9.23 9.52
South Carolina 163,373 166,710 154,343 1,550,227 1,647,759 1,502,540 10.54 10.12 10.27
South Dakota 18,890 21,680 23,558 299,723 330,071 328,930 6.30 6.57 7.16
Tennessee 219,898 244,256 218,686 2,298,836 2,475,155 2,262,886 9.57 9.87 9.66
Texas 1,158,481 1,222,727 1,173,479 8,049,300 9,038,702 8,785,658 14.39 13.53 13.36
Utah 99,856 123,602 120,574 900,331 1,102,528 1,021,872 11.09 11.21 11.80
Vermont 29,402 26,216 27,984 256,401 268,023 264,076 11.47 9.78 10.60
Virginia 459,017 545,693 529,869 2,932,471 3,196,510 2,999,409 15.65 17.07 17.67
Washington 401,413 380,962 387,568 2,292,462 2,500,835 2,325,825 17.51 15.23 16.66
West Virginia 46,635 46,395 47,252 561,317 580,953 560,311 8.31 7.99 8.43
Wisconsin 233,967 260,033 245,381 2,382,979 2,483,664 2,320,269 9.82 10.47 10.58
Wyoming 15,008 19,824 18,351 180,866 215,571 205,184 8.30 9.20 8.94
 
Puerto Rico NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
 

NA = not available.

SOURCE: Census Bureau, special tabulations (2007, 2010, 2013) of the Business Information Tracking Series (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2014


State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.

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