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Front Matter

Acronyms and Abbreviations

AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science
ACE American Council on Education
ACS American Community Survey
ADP American Diploma Project
AFT American Federation of Teachers
AID Agency for International Development
ANBERD Analytical Business Enterprise R&D
AP Advanced Placement
APL Applied Physics Laboratory
ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
ATP advanced technology products
AUTM Association of University Technology Managers
BBVA Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria
BEA Bureau of Economic Analysis
BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics
BRDIS Business R&D and Innovation Survey
CCSSI Common Core State Standards Initiative
CEO chief executive officer
CGS Council of Graduate Schools
CIP Classification of Instructional Programs
CIS Community Innovation Survey
CNSTAT Committee on National Statistics
CPS Current Population Survey
CRADA cooperative research and development agreement
CSEP Center for the Study of Education Policy, Illinois State University
DHS Department of Homeland Security
DOC Department of Commerce
DOD Department of Defense
DOE Department of Energy
DOI Department of the Interior
DOT Department of Transportation
EC European Community
ECLS-K Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten
ECS Education Commission of the States
ED Department of Education
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
EP European Patent Office
EPSCoR Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research
Esnet DOE’s Energy Sciences Network
EU European Union
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FDI foreign direct investment
FDIUS Survey of Foreign Direct Investment in the United States
FFRDC federally funded research and development center
FY fiscal year
GAO Government Accountability Office
GBAORD government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D
Gbps gigabits per second
GDP gross domestic product
GED General Equivalency Diploma
GM genetically modified
GSS General Social Survey
GUF general university fund
HBCU historically black college or university
HERD Higher Education Research and Development Survey
HHS Department of Health and Human Services
HPC high performance computing
HSLS High School Longitudinal Study
HSTS High School Transcript Study
HT high technology
ICE Immigration and Customs Enforcement
ICT information and communications technologies
IDeA Institutional Development Award
IDR interdisciplinary research
IEA International Energy Agency
IOF involuntarily out-of-field
IPO initial public offering
IRC Internal Revenue Code
IRI Industrial Research Institute
IRS Internal Revenue Service
K–12 kindergarten through twelfth grade
KI knowledge intensive
KTI knowledge- and technology-intensive
LEHD Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics
LEP limited English proficient
LTT long-term trend
MEP Manufacturing Extension Partnership
MER market exchange rate
MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MNC multinational company
MOFA majority-owned foreign affiliate
NAEP National Assessment of Educational Progress
NAGB National Assessment Governing Board
NAICS North American Industry Classification System
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASF net assignable square feet
NCES National Center for Education Statistics
NCLB The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
NCRPA National Cooperative Research and Production Act
NCSES National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics
NGA National Governors Association
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIPA national income and product accounts
NIST National Institute for Standards and Technology
NLR National Lambda Rail
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NORC National Opinion Research Center
NRC National Research Council
NS&E natural sciences and engineering
NSB National Science Board
NSCG National Survey of College Graduates
NSF National Science Foundation
NSRCG National Survey of Recent College Graduates
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OES Occupational Employment Statistics
OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy
PEJ Project for Excellence in Journalism
PISA Program for International Student Assessment
PPP purchasing power parity
PSM Professional Science Master’s
PUMS Public Use Microdata Sample
R&D research and development
R&E research and experimentation
RA research assistantship
RD&D research, development, and demonstration
RDT research, development, and testing
S&E science and engineering
S&T science and technology
SASS Schools and Staffing Survey
SBIR Small Business Innovation Research
SCI Science Citation Index
SDR Survey of Doctorate Recipients
SED Survey of Earned Doctorates
SEH science, engineering, and health
SESTAT Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System
SLDS Statewide longitudinal data systems
SOI Statistics of Income
SSCI Social Sciences Citation Index
STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematics
STTR Small Business Technology Transfer
TA teaching assistant
TFA Teach for America
TIMSS Trends in International Mathematics and Sciences Study
TIP Technology Innovation Program
U&C universities and colleges
UK United Kingdom
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
USDA Department of Agriculture
USDIA Survey of U.S. Direct Investment Abroad
USGS U.S. Geological Survey
USPTO U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
VA Department of Veterans Affairs
WebCASPAR Integrated Science and Engineering Resources Data System
WTO World Trade Organization