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  • Dollar Conversion:
  • Current
  • Constant
  • previous / next year
NA = not available

NOTES: Only 11 agencies required to report federal R&D obligations: Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security (established in 2002), Interior, and Transportation; Environmental Protection Agency; National Aeronautics and Space Administration; and National Science Foundation. These obligations represent approximately 98% of total federal R&D obligations. Federal R&D obligations reported in current dollars. National total for S&E occupations in the United States provided by Occupational Employment Statistics (OES). OES estimates for 2003 S&E occupations based upon November data; estimates for remaining years based upon May data.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Federal Funds for Research and Development (various years); Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics Survey (various years).
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