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  • Dollar Conversion:
  • Current
  • Constant
State 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Trend
AK 0.4 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.1 1.2 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.4 1.8 2.0 1.5 2.4 2.1 1.8 1.9 1.7 2.0 1.8 2.5 3.4 0.40,0.50,0.50,1.50,1.10,1.20,0.90,1.10,0.90,1.40,1.80,2.00,1.50,2.40,2.10,1.80,1.90,1.70,2.00,1.80,2.50,3.40
AL 11.7 12.0 8.2 8.0 9.2 8.9 8.5 8.3 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.1 1.8 1.5 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.6 2.1 11.70,12.00,8.20,8.00,9.20,8.90,8.50,8.30,2.10,2.00,2.20,2.30,2.30,2.60,2.10,1.80,1.50,1.20,1.30,1.30,1.60,2.10
AR 2.2 1.2 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.8 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.20,1.20,0.50,0.80,0.90,0.40,0.50,0.60,0.90,0.80,1.40,1.40,1.50,1.80,1.60,1.40,1.50,1.30,1.30,1.60,1.70,1.90
AZ 3.2 2.8 3.1 2.6 2.4 2.0 2.1 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.3 6.1 10.2 14.5 20.0 3.20,2.80,3.10,2.60,2.40,2.00,2.10,2.90,2.80,3.20,3.50,3.70,3.60,3.60,4.10,3.90,3.90,4.30,6.10,10.20,14.50,20.00
CA 2.2 2.0 2.3 2.6 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.6 3.9 3.4 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.3 3.7 4.3 2.20,2.00,2.30,2.60,2.70,3.00,3.30,3.50,3.70,3.80,3.50,3.20,3.60,3.90,3.40,2.80,2.70,2.70,2.90,3.30,3.70,4.30
CO 4.9 4.0 2.6 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.3 1.9 1.9 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.1 1.6 1.3 1.4 2.0 2.1 1.8 4.90,4.00,2.60,2.20,2.20,2.10,2.30,1.90,1.90,2.20,2.50,2.50,2.70,2.70,2.50,2.10,1.60,1.30,1.40,2.00,2.10,1.80
CT 2.2 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.3 2.20,1.90,2.10,2.10,2.10,1.70,1.50,1.40,1.50,1.60,1.60,1.60,1.50,1.90,1.70,1.60,1.30,1.10,1.10,1.30,1.20,1.30
DC 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.4 3.0 3.2 4.4 5.0 3.9 3.2 2.4 3.1 3.4 2.7 3.2 0.6 2.8 2.1 1.8 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.60,1.80,1.90,2.40,3.00,3.20,4.40,5.00,3.90,3.20,2.40,3.10,3.40,2.70,3.20,0.60,2.80,2.10,1.80,1.30,1.20,1.30
DE 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.1 3.2 2.6 2.8 2.7 3.1 2.9 2.6 2.8 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.3 2.8 3.0 3.0 3.30,3.30,3.40,3.60,3.30,3.10,3.20,2.60,2.80,2.70,3.10,2.90,2.60,2.80,3.10,3.00,3.00,2.80,2.30,2.80,3.00,3.00
FL 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.2 1.9 2.7 2.4 3.9 3.3 2.9 2.3 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.1 2.1 1.60,1.50,1.30,1.40,1.50,1.40,1.60,1.80,1.90,2.20,1.90,2.70,2.40,3.90,3.30,2.90,2.30,2.00,2.20,2.40,2.10,2.10
GA 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.6 1.7 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.00,1.00,0.90,0.70,0.80,0.70,0.70,0.60,0.70,0.70,0.50,0.60,0.70,1.60,1.70,1.30,1.30,1.20,1.20,1.30,1.30,1.60
HI 1.6 1.2 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.8 3.2 3.2 4.4 4.3 4.5 7.6 5.7 4.6 3.7 3.7 4.0 3.7 2.9 3.3 1.60,1.20,1.70,1.30,1.40,1.50,1.60,1.80,3.20,3.20,4.40,4.30,4.50,7.60,5.70,4.60,3.70,3.70,4.00,3.70,2.90,3.30
IA 4.6 3.4 3.2 2.9 2.6 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.6 3.4 4.4 4.3 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8 4.2 5.7 4.60,3.40,3.20,2.90,2.60,1.90,1.90,1.90,2.00,2.10,2.20,2.60,3.40,4.40,4.30,4.00,3.60,3.70,3.70,3.80,4.20,5.70
ID 5.5 4.4 4.5 3.9 4.8 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.9 5.3 4.8 5.4 4.6 4.1 3.6 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.3 3.0 5.50,4.40,4.50,3.90,4.80,4.30,4.40,4.30,4.90,5.30,4.80,5.40,4.60,4.10,3.60,2.60,2.20,2.30,2.50,2.50,2.30,3.00
IL 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6 2.4 2.1 2.2 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.20,1.30,1.60,1.50,1.30,1.30,1.30,1.50,1.40,1.50,1.40,1.60,1.60,2.40,2.10,2.20,1.90,1.70,1.60,1.40,1.60,1.80
IN 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.9 3.4 3.8 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.7 3.80,3.80,3.90,4.00,4.10,3.90,3.80,3.60,3.70,3.50,3.90,3.40,3.80,4.20,4.00,4.00,3.80,3.40,3.20,3.10,3.20,3.70
KS 2.3 2.2 2.9 2.9 3.3 3.0 3.1 3.4 3.2 3.3 4.1 3.9 3.5 3.6 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.7 2.30,2.20,2.90,2.90,3.30,3.00,3.10,3.40,3.20,3.30,4.10,3.90,3.50,3.60,2.60,2.50,2.20,2.10,2.20,2.10,2.30,2.70
KY 2.2 2.1 1.8 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.3 2.2 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.6 3.0 2.20,2.10,1.80,2.20,2.20,1.90,1.80,1.90,2.00,2.30,2.20,2.50,2.60,2.80,2.80,2.50,2.50,2.60,2.30,2.30,2.60,3.00
LA 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 2.0 2.3 2.8 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.4 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.3 2.6 0.70,0.70,0.80,0.60,0.80,0.80,1.00,0.90,1.00,2.00,2.30,2.80,2.30,2.60,2.50,2.40,1.80,1.80,1.90,2.00,2.30,2.60
MA 2.4 2.3 2.4 1.9 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.8 3.1 3.1 3.4 2.8 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.40,2.30,2.40,1.90,2.50,2.50,2.60,2.50,2.80,2.60,2.70,2.80,3.10,3.10,3.40,2.80,2.30,2.10,2.00,2.20,2.30,2.40
MD 1.0 0.9 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.7 2.2 2.4 1.00,0.90,1.30,1.40,1.30,1.30,1.20,1.20,1.20,1.10,1.10,1.10,1.10,1.50,1.40,1.70,1.40,1.40,1.60,1.70,2.20,2.40
ME 1.5 1.8 1.9 2.4 2.6 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.0 2.0 1.50,1.80,1.90,2.40,2.60,2.30,2.10,2.00,1.70,1.70,1.90,2.00,2.40,2.40,2.50,2.30,2.50,2.20,2.10,2.20,2.00,2.00
MI 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.8 6.5 3.1 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.6 4.0 4.2 4.6 3.30,3.40,3.30,3.80,6.50,3.10,2.90,3.10,3.20,3.20,2.90,3.10,3.20,3.60,3.40,3.20,3.20,3.40,3.60,4.00,4.20,4.60
MN 1.1 1.7 1.9 2.0 1.8 3.7 2.7 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.8 3.2 3.4 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.0 3.0 3.4 3.7 3.9 4.8 1.10,1.70,1.90,2.00,1.80,3.70,2.70,2.10,2.30,2.20,2.80,3.20,3.40,4.10,4.00,3.60,3.00,3.00,3.40,3.70,3.90,4.80
MO 1.7 2.1 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.7 2.3 2.0 2.6 2.6 3.1 3.3 3.5 4.6 3.6 2.9 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.5 1.70,2.10,1.70,1.50,1.50,1.70,2.30,2.00,2.60,2.60,3.10,3.30,3.50,4.60,3.60,2.90,2.50,2.40,2.40,2.70,3.00,3.50
MS 2.1 2.3 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.6 1.7 2.1 2.2 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.9 3.4 2.10,2.30,1.80,1.70,1.50,1.40,1.30,1.20,1.60,1.70,2.10,2.20,2.80,2.50,2.70,2.40,2.20,2.20,2.40,2.30,2.90,3.40
MT 1.5 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.3 2.2 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.9 2.3 2.4 1.8 2.4 2.0 2.2 3.5 1.50,1.20,1.30,1.20,1.70,1.70,1.80,2.00,2.30,2.20,3.10,3.00,3.20,3.30,2.90,2.30,2.40,1.80,2.40,2.00,2.20,3.50
NC 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.1 3.1 3.1 2.7 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.4 2.9 1.60,1.60,1.60,1.60,1.90,1.90,1.70,1.90,1.80,1.70,1.70,2.00,2.10,3.10,3.10,2.70,2.30,2.10,2.00,2.10,2.40,2.90
ND 5.0 3.9 2.9 4.0 2.0 3.2 3.9 3.2 4.1 4.1 3.8 4.5 3.9 4.7 5.1 4.2 4.4 4.7 4.6 5.2 6.9 6.0 5.00,3.90,2.90,4.00,2.00,3.20,3.90,3.20,4.10,4.10,3.80,4.50,3.90,4.70,5.10,4.20,4.40,4.70,4.60,5.20,6.90,6.00
NE 2.8 3.2 3.2 2.2 3.5 3.8 2.8 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.6 5.2 5.5 5.1 4.5 4.5 4.0 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.5 2.80,3.20,3.20,2.20,3.50,3.80,2.80,4.10,4.20,4.20,4.60,5.20,5.50,5.10,4.50,4.50,4.00,3.80,3.80,4.00,3.80,3.50
NH 3.2 4.0 4.6 4.3 3.7 3.3 3.8 3.9 3.6 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.5 4.2 4.1 3.5 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.20,4.00,4.60,4.30,3.70,3.30,3.80,3.90,3.60,4.20,4.40,4.30,4.50,4.20,4.10,3.50,3.10,3.40,3.40,3.50,3.50,3.60
NJ 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.7 2.2 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.3 2.5 1.20,1.30,1.40,1.60,1.80,1.80,1.80,2.10,2.30,2.40,2.70,2.20,2.50,2.60,2.50,2.30,2.20,2.10,2.00,2.00,2.30,2.50
NM 2.0 1.8 2.4 2.6 2.5 1.9 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.4 2.9 3.1 3.2 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.6 3.1 2.00,1.80,2.40,2.60,2.50,1.90,2.60,2.80,3.00,3.10,3.60,4.40,2.90,3.10,3.20,2.80,2.80,2.90,2.60,2.70,2.60,3.10
NV 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7 2.4 2.1 2.4 2.5 3.5 0.70,0.70,0.80,0.80,0.70,0.80,0.60,0.70,0.80,1.10,1.30,1.80,2.00,2.00,2.00,1.80,1.70,2.40,2.10,2.40,2.50,3.50
NY 2.8 2.8 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.7 4.0 3.8 4.6 4.5 4.4 3.9 3.5 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 3.4 2.80,2.80,3.30,3.40,3.50,3.50,3.50,3.50,3.70,4.00,3.80,4.60,4.50,4.40,3.90,3.50,3.00,2.90,2.80,2.70,2.70,3.40
OH 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.8 4.4 4.5 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.7 3.50,3.40,3.50,3.60,3.50,3.40,3.70,3.50,3.20,3.50,3.50,3.50,3.80,4.40,4.50,3.90,3.90,3.80,4.00,4.00,4.20,4.70
OK 5.0 4.7 3.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.6 4.3 4.2 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.3 4.5 5.0 5.7 5.00,4.70,3.30,4.20,4.10,3.90,3.40,3.50,3.60,3.60,3.20,3.60,3.60,4.30,4.20,4.60,4.60,4.70,4.30,4.50,5.00,5.70
OR 3.5 3.1 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.3 1.8 1.8 2.4 2.0 3.3 2.5 2.6 3.4 3.0 2.4 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.9 2.1 2.8 3.50,3.10,2.60,2.50,2.70,2.30,1.80,1.80,2.40,2.00,3.30,2.50,2.60,3.40,3.00,2.40,2.00,1.80,1.50,1.90,2.10,2.80
PA 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.4 5.0 4.3 4.3 4.9 5.0 4.5 4.2 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.7 4.0 3.10,3.30,3.20,3.50,3.60,3.20,3.20,3.10,3.40,5.00,4.30,4.30,4.90,5.00,4.50,4.20,3.80,3.60,3.70,3.60,3.70,4.00
PR NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.9 3.1 NA NA NA 2.6 2.4 NA NA NA 3.1 3.0 3.90,3.10,2.60,2.40,3.10,3.00
RI 4.9 5.7 6.3 6.0 5.9 5.8 6.0 6.8 7.4 6.1 6.1 6.4 6.7 6.3 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.9 5.3 4.9 4.90,5.70,6.30,6.00,5.90,5.80,6.00,6.80,7.40,6.10,6.10,6.40,6.70,6.30,5.80,5.30,5.30,5.10,4.90,4.90,5.30,4.90
SC 1.8 2.0 2.5 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.9 2.0 1.80,2.00,2.50,1.80,1.80,2.00,2.10,2.20,2.30,2.10,2.20,2.20,2.30,2.20,2.00,2.00,1.80,1.60,1.60,1.60,1.90,2.00
SD 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.8 1.2 1.2 4.5 3.2 3.4 3.2 4.2 4.1 4.7 5.9 6.2 4.3 3.7 4.3 3.8 3.8 3.8 5.8 1.00,1.10,0.90,0.80,1.20,1.20,4.50,3.20,3.40,3.20,4.20,4.10,4.70,5.90,6.20,4.30,3.70,4.30,3.80,3.80,3.80,5.80
TN 1.6 2.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.7 1.60,2.90,2.00,2.00,2.00,1.60,1.80,1.80,1.70,1.90,2.30,2.30,2.40,2.60,2.40,2.40,2.30,2.00,2.00,2.20,2.20,2.70
TX 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.8 3.2 2.7 2.9 3.1 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.8 3.0 2.10,2.00,2.10,2.20,2.20,2.20,2.10,2.30,2.40,2.50,2.80,3.20,2.70,2.90,3.10,2.80,2.50,2.50,2.60,2.50,2.80,3.00
US 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.5 3.3 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.9 3.2 3.7 2.50,2.50,2.40,2.50,2.70,2.50,2.60,2.60,2.70,2.80,2.90,3.00,3.10,3.50,3.30,3.00,2.70,2.60,2.70,2.90,3.20,3.70
UT 2.5 2.2 2.3 2.0 2.0 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.7 2.7 2.8 3.1 3.8 3.8 3.5 3.1 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.50,2.20,2.30,2.00,2.00,2.60,2.30,2.40,2.70,2.70,2.80,3.10,3.80,3.80,3.50,3.10,2.70,2.70,2.40,2.60,2.60,2.90
VA 1.7 2.0 2.3 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.8 3.1 4.0 3.7 4.1 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.5 4.4 5.0 4.9 5.3 6.2 1.70,2.00,2.30,2.10,2.30,2.50,2.50,2.60,2.80,3.10,4.00,3.70,4.10,4.70,4.40,4.20,4.50,4.40,5.00,4.90,5.30,6.20
VT 3.8 3.7 4.5 3.8 4.0 3.4 3.7 3.6 3.0 4.1 4.9 4.3 5.2 4.7 4.3 3.6 3.3 3.0 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.8 3.80,3.70,4.50,3.80,4.00,3.40,3.70,3.60,3.00,4.10,4.90,4.30,5.20,4.70,4.30,3.60,3.30,3.00,2.10,2.40,2.40,2.80
WA 1.6 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.4 3.0 3.5 3.4 4.2 4.8 3.7 2.9 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.4 4.1 1.60,1.50,1.80,2.10,2.00,2.20,2.40,2.50,2.30,2.40,3.00,3.50,3.40,4.20,4.80,3.70,2.90,3.00,2.80,3.20,3.40,4.10
WI 3.0 2.8 3.1 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.5 3.9 4.6 4.5 4.1 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.7 4.0 5.0 3.00,2.80,3.10,3.60,3.80,3.60,3.80,3.90,3.70,3.60,3.20,3.50,3.90,4.60,4.50,4.10,3.50,3.40,3.30,3.70,4.00,5.00
WV 3.4 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.8 2.4 1.8 2.2 2.5 2.4 2.7 3.7 3.6 4.1 3.6 3.4 2.4 3.0 2.5 2.6 2.6 3.8 3.40,2.20,2.40,2.20,2.80,2.40,1.80,2.20,2.50,2.40,2.70,3.70,3.60,4.10,3.60,3.40,2.40,3.00,2.50,2.60,2.60,3.80
WY 6.2 6.2 6.5 5.8 6.4 5.3 7.6 6.7 5.6 5.1 5.5 6.6 6.4 6.9 7.0 6.9 6.5 7.0 7.0 6.7 7.8 7.9 6.20,6.20,6.50,5.80,6.40,5.30,7.60,6.70,5.60,5.10,5.50,6.60,6.40,6.90,7.00,6.90,6.50,7.00,7.00,6.70,7.80,7.90
NA = not available. SET = science, engineering, and technology.

NOTE: SET associate's degrees include engineering, physical sciences, computer and mathematical sciences, agricultural and biological sciences, social sciences, science technologies, and engineering technologies.

SOURCES: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years); Census Bureau, 2000 and 2010 Decennial Censuses and Population Estimates Program (various years).
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