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  • Dollar Conversion:
  • Current
  • Constant
State 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Trend
AK 1.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 3.8 2.6 3.4 2.2 7.8 2.2 3.6 2.7 5.1 2.0 3.0 2.5 2.9 2.8 3.6 4.4 3.1 1.10,2.00,1.90,1.70,3.80,2.60,3.40,2.20,7.80,2.20,3.60,2.70,5.10,2.00,3.00,2.50,2.90,2.80,3.60,4.40,3.10
AL 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.0 4.0 3.9 4.5 3.7 3.6 3.9 4.2 3.5 4.0 3.7 3.9 4.2 4.5 4.0 3.7 2.90,3.10,3.20,3.10,3.30,3.00,4.00,3.90,4.50,3.70,3.60,3.90,4.20,3.50,4.00,3.70,3.90,4.20,4.50,4.00,3.70
AR 3.7 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.9 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.8 3.4 3.3 2.8 3.6 3.7 3.4 3.1 3.70,2.70,2.40,2.50,2.90,2.40,2.30,2.30,2.60,2.40,2.10,2.20,2.30,2.80,3.40,3.30,2.80,3.60,3.70,3.40,3.10
AZ 6.5 7.6 6.8 6.4 7.2 6.6 6.5 6.7 6.3 6.3 5.8 5.2 5.1 5.3 4.8 5.1 5.2 4.5 4.5 3.6 3.4 6.50,7.60,6.80,6.40,7.20,6.60,6.50,6.70,6.30,6.30,5.80,5.20,5.10,5.30,4.80,5.10,5.20,4.50,4.50,3.60,3.40
CA 5.8 5.9 5.7 6.0 6.0 6.4 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.7 5.8 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.4 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.3 5.2 5.80,5.90,5.70,6.00,6.00,6.40,5.70,5.90,6.10,5.70,5.80,5.30,5.40,5.20,5.10,5.40,5.80,5.80,5.60,5.30,5.20
CO 5.6 5.7 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.3 5.3 4.8 4.5 4.4 3.9 4.3 3.7 5.2 3.8 4.3 4.0 4.6 4.3 4.3 5.60,5.70,5.20,5.30,5.10,5.00,5.30,5.30,4.80,4.50,4.40,3.90,4.30,3.70,5.20,3.80,4.30,4.00,4.60,4.30,4.30
CT 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.7 6.2 6.0 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.9 5.3 4.5 4.9 4.7 5.60,5.50,5.40,5.50,5.80,5.80,5.50,5.70,6.20,6.00,5.30,5.30,5.20,5.10,5.30,5.40,5.90,5.30,4.50,4.90,4.70
DC 5.6 4.9 4.6 5.4 5.2 4.7 4.8 5.2 4.8 6.2 4.5 4.6 4.8 4.3 4.9 4.4 4.6 4.2 4.5 3.4 4.1 5.60,4.90,4.60,5.40,5.20,4.70,4.80,5.20,4.80,6.20,4.50,4.60,4.80,4.30,4.90,4.40,4.60,4.20,4.50,3.40,4.10
DE 6.0 5.1 6.2 6.5 4.8 4.8 6.4 6.0 5.6 5.8 5.8 4.4 4.1 6.5 5.4 6.1 6.3 5.8 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.00,5.10,6.20,6.50,4.80,4.80,6.40,6.00,5.60,5.80,5.80,4.40,4.10,6.50,5.40,6.10,6.30,5.80,6.70,6.60,6.80
FL 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.9 4.8 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.5 4.7 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.90,4.50,4.40,4.60,4.50,4.20,4.30,4.40,4.90,4.80,4.40,4.60,4.40,4.30,4.50,4.70,5.10,4.90,4.60,4.50,4.50
GA 4.4 5.3 5.2 4.6 4.2 4.9 5.3 4.9 5.2 4.7 5.0 4.9 4.5 4.0 4.9 5.6 6.0 6.0 6.1 5.4 5.2 4.40,5.30,5.20,4.60,4.20,4.90,5.30,4.90,5.20,4.70,5.00,4.90,4.50,4.00,4.90,5.60,6.00,6.00,6.10,5.40,5.20
HI 6.4 6.8 7.0 7.3 6.8 6.8 7.1 6.8 6.5 5.6 6.3 4.2 4.9 4.0 4.7 4.3 5.1 5.8 4.6 4.9 5.2 6.40,6.80,7.00,7.30,6.80,6.80,7.10,6.80,6.50,5.60,6.30,4.20,4.90,4.00,4.70,4.30,5.10,5.80,4.60,4.90,5.20
IA 6.2 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.0 6.4 6.4 5.5 5.9 4.8 5.0 4.8 3.9 4.2 4.4 5.0 5.3 5.1 4.7 3.7 3.3 6.20,6.60,6.20,6.40,6.00,6.40,6.40,5.50,5.90,4.80,5.00,4.80,3.90,4.20,4.40,5.00,5.30,5.10,4.70,3.70,3.30
ID 5.3 4.2 4.3 3.3 4.1 3.6 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.1 2.8 2.7 3.2 2.1 2.1 2.7 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.2 2.3 5.30,4.20,4.30,3.30,4.10,3.60,3.20,3.50,3.30,3.10,2.80,2.70,3.20,2.10,2.10,2.70,3.00,3.00,2.60,2.20,2.30
IL 6.7 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.7 7.1 6.9 6.9 7.3 6.4 6.7 5.6 5.5 5.2 5.4 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.3 5.1 5.0 6.70,7.20,7.10,7.00,6.70,7.10,6.90,6.90,7.30,6.40,6.70,5.60,5.50,5.20,5.40,5.80,6.00,5.90,5.30,5.10,5.00
IN 5.7 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.5 5.4 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.7 5.6 4.7 5.1 4.6 4.9 5.3 5.8 5.6 6.4 5.8 5.4 5.70,5.30,5.10,5.30,5.50,5.40,5.70,5.50,5.40,5.70,5.60,4.70,5.10,4.60,4.90,5.30,5.80,5.60,6.40,5.80,5.40
KS 4.5 4.4 5.3 4.0 4.4 4.4 4.8 4.7 5.0 4.2 4.2 4.7 4.2 3.8 3.8 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.4 4.4 5.0 4.50,4.40,5.30,4.00,4.40,4.40,4.80,4.70,5.00,4.20,4.20,4.70,4.20,3.80,3.80,4.20,4.10,4.10,4.40,4.40,5.00
KY 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.1 3.6 3.5 4.0 4.0 4.3 4.3 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.10,3.10,3.40,3.30,3.70,3.60,3.40,3.90,3.60,3.70,3.50,3.10,3.60,3.50,4.00,4.00,4.30,4.30,4.00,4.00,3.80
LA 4.8 4.8 4.5 3.9 3.9 4.3 4.0 4.6 4.5 4.9 4.6 4.3 3.6 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.5 4.5 4.6 5.3 4.1 4.80,4.80,4.50,3.90,3.90,4.30,4.00,4.60,4.50,4.90,4.60,4.30,3.60,4.00,4.00,4.00,4.50,4.50,4.60,5.30,4.10
MA 6.3 6.3 6.6 7.1 6.9 6.8 6.9 6.8 7.5 6.3 6.3 6.1 5.6 5.8 6.2 6.6 7.3 7.2 7.0 6.4 6.6 6.30,6.30,6.60,7.10,6.90,6.80,6.90,6.80,7.50,6.30,6.30,6.10,5.60,5.80,6.20,6.60,7.30,7.20,7.00,6.40,6.60
MD 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.3 5.1 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.1 4.6 4.8 4.3 4.1 4.0 4.4 5.0 4.9 5.2 4.7 4.8 4.6 5.10,4.90,5.00,5.30,5.10,4.80,5.10,5.20,5.10,4.60,4.80,4.30,4.10,4.00,4.40,5.00,4.90,5.20,4.70,4.80,4.60
ME 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.3 1.7 1.3 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.4 1.40,1.50,1.80,1.30,1.70,1.30,1.70,1.90,1.70,1.70,1.30,1.30,1.30,1.10,0.90,1.00,1.40,1.50,1.50,1.20,1.40
MI 4.7 5.0 5.3 5.4 4.9 5.1 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.4 4.8 5.0 5.5 4.9 5.3 5.0 4.8 4.70,5.00,5.30,5.40,4.90,5.10,5.40,5.10,5.40,5.10,4.70,4.80,4.50,4.40,4.80,5.00,5.50,4.90,5.30,5.00,4.80
MN 4.9 5.1 4.7 4.2 5.0 4.8 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.1 5.7 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1 5.7 6.1 5.5 4.6 4.9 5.3 4.90,5.10,4.70,4.20,5.00,4.80,5.90,5.40,5.60,5.10,5.70,4.50,4.60,4.40,5.10,5.70,6.10,5.50,4.60,4.90,5.30
MO 4.5 4.1 4.7 4.1 4.8 4.2 4.4 4.1 4.3 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.8 3.4 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.6 3.5 4.50,4.10,4.70,4.10,4.80,4.20,4.40,4.10,4.30,3.80,3.60,3.40,3.80,3.40,3.80,4.00,4.00,4.00,3.70,3.60,3.50
MS 4.2 4.4 4.0 3.5 3.5 4.4 4.0 4.0 4.3 4.2 3.3 3.2 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.8 4.7 4.20,4.40,4.00,3.50,3.50,4.40,4.00,4.00,4.30,4.20,3.30,3.20,3.90,3.90,3.90,3.90,4.20,4.10,4.10,4.80,4.70
MT 3.2 3.1 2.8 3.0 2.2 2.7 2.6 2.7 3.4 2.0 1.9 2.7 2.2 2.5 2.9 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.3 3.5 3.20,3.10,2.80,3.00,2.20,2.70,2.60,2.70,3.40,2.00,1.90,2.70,2.20,2.50,2.90,3.00,3.30,3.60,3.60,3.30,3.50
NC 5.0 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.3 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.9 5.1 5.1 5.4 5.1 4.7 5.00,4.70,4.60,4.70,4.30,4.70,4.50,4.60,4.50,4.50,4.60,4.20,4.40,4.60,4.70,4.90,5.10,5.10,5.40,5.10,4.70
ND 3.9 3.0 3.2 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.2 2.7 3.1 3.0 4.0 2.5 2.7 3.0 4.4 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.90,3.00,3.20,3.70,3.40,3.50,3.60,3.40,3.20,2.70,3.10,3.00,4.00,2.50,2.70,3.00,4.40,4.50,4.20,4.00,3.90
NE 5.1 3.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.6 4.8 5.0 4.3 4.0 3.8 5.0 3.9 4.0 3.5 4.2 3.9 4.3 4.5 4.4 5.10,3.70,4.50,4.40,4.30,4.10,4.60,4.80,5.00,4.30,4.00,3.80,5.00,3.90,4.00,3.50,4.20,3.90,4.30,4.50,4.40
NH 2.9 2.9 2.5 3.7 3.7 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.8 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.4 4.3 3.7 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.4 3.1 2.90,2.90,2.50,3.70,3.70,3.30,3.10,3.70,3.80,3.10,3.60,3.60,3.80,3.40,4.30,3.70,4.20,4.10,4.00,3.40,3.10
NJ 4.6 4.6 5.6 5.2 5.4 5.6 5.4 5.4 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.0 4.0 4.3 4.1 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.5 4.8 4.60,4.60,5.60,5.20,5.40,5.60,5.40,5.40,4.60,4.70,4.70,4.00,4.00,4.30,4.10,4.50,4.70,4.70,4.90,4.50,4.80
NM 6.3 5.6 5.6 6.0 5.5 5.8 6.5 5.8 6.9 5.2 5.2 6.5 4.9 5.6 5.2 5.7 5.0 4.6 5.7 5.4 4.9 6.30,5.60,5.60,6.00,5.50,5.80,6.50,5.80,6.90,5.20,5.20,6.50,4.90,5.60,5.20,5.70,5.00,4.60,5.70,5.40,4.90
NV 3.7 4.1 4.0 2.6 3.1 4.8 3.9 4.8 5.0 5.7 3.9 4.5 4.8 3.9 4.7 3.9 3.6 3.9 5.5 4.7 4.9 3.70,4.10,4.00,2.60,3.10,4.80,3.90,4.80,5.00,5.70,3.90,4.50,4.80,3.90,4.70,3.90,3.60,3.90,5.50,4.70,4.90
NY 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.6 5.2 4.8 4.4 4.3 4.6 4.7 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.6 4.6 5.60,5.70,5.70,5.80,5.90,5.70,5.80,5.50,5.60,5.20,4.80,4.40,4.30,4.60,4.70,4.90,4.90,5.10,4.80,4.60,4.60
OH 5.4 5.4 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.0 5.6 6.1 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.0 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.5 5.3 6.0 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.40,5.40,5.00,5.50,6.00,6.00,5.60,6.10,5.70,5.30,5.60,5.00,4.80,4.70,5.00,5.50,5.30,6.00,5.40,5.40,5.10
OK 4.7 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.1 4.0 3.4 3.9 4.4 3.7 4.70,4.00,4.10,3.90,3.60,3.70,3.70,3.70,3.50,3.40,3.30,2.80,3.00,3.10,3.20,3.10,4.00,3.40,3.90,4.40,3.70
OR 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.9 4.3 3.8 4.6 3.5 3.9 3.7 3.5 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.2 3.5 3.7 4.80,4.70,4.70,4.80,5.20,4.90,4.70,4.90,4.30,3.80,4.60,3.50,3.90,3.70,3.50,4.00,4.20,4.20,4.20,3.50,3.70
PA 4.3 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.7 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.30,4.70,4.70,4.90,4.70,5.10,4.80,4.90,4.80,4.30,4.30,4.20,4.20,4.40,4.50,4.80,4.80,4.70,4.70,4.40,4.60
PR 0.7 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 2.1 1.7 1.8 2.7 3.4 3.2 4.0 4.4 2.8 2.6 2.9 0.70,1.20,1.10,1.30,1.30,1.20,1.60,1.50,1.60,1.50,2.10,1.70,1.80,2.70,3.40,3.20,4.00,4.40,2.80,2.60,2.90
RI 5.2 6.4 5.6 6.3 6.2 6.6 7.2 5.7 5.9 5.1 5.8 4.8 4.5 4.4 4.8 6.1 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.3 5.1 5.20,6.40,5.60,6.30,6.20,6.60,7.20,5.70,5.90,5.10,5.80,4.80,4.50,4.40,4.80,6.10,5.40,5.10,5.10,5.30,5.10
SC 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.2 4.0 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.7 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.3 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.5 3.6 3.80,3.70,3.60,3.70,3.50,3.20,4.00,3.40,3.40,3.30,3.40,3.70,2.90,3.10,3.40,3.30,3.90,4.10,4.00,3.50,3.60
SD 1.5 1.8 1.3 1.1 1.5 0.7 1.5 1.8 1.1 1.4 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.3 1.9 2.5 2.5 2.6 1.50,1.80,1.30,1.10,1.50,0.70,1.50,1.80,1.10,1.40,1.70,1.50,1.80,1.90,1.90,1.90,2.30,1.90,2.50,2.50,2.60
TN 4.3 4.9 4.9 4.4 4.4 4.1 4.2 4.6 4.0 4.4 4.5 3.7 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.5 4.8 4.9 5.2 4.6 4.7 4.30,4.90,4.90,4.40,4.40,4.10,4.20,4.60,4.00,4.40,4.50,3.70,3.80,4.00,4.00,4.50,4.80,4.90,5.20,4.60,4.70
TX 5.5 5.7 5.4 5.4 5.7 5.4 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.3 5.3 4.9 4.5 4.8 5.0 5.2 5.7 5.9 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.50,5.70,5.40,5.40,5.70,5.40,5.80,5.80,5.70,5.30,5.30,4.90,4.50,4.80,5.00,5.20,5.70,5.90,5.50,5.50,5.30
US 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.3 4.9 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.6 4.8 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.7 4.6 5.20,5.20,5.20,5.20,5.20,5.20,5.20,5.20,5.30,4.90,4.90,4.50,4.40,4.40,4.60,4.80,5.10,5.10,5.00,4.70,4.60
UT 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.4 3.5 3.7 4.1 3.9 3.6 3.8 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.7 4.30,4.50,4.70,4.40,3.50,3.70,4.10,3.90,3.60,3.80,3.20,3.00,2.80,2.90,3.10,2.80,3.30,3.50,3.60,3.30,3.70
VA 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.4 3.9 4.1 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.1 3.8 4.2 4.20,4.10,4.40,4.20,4.10,4.30,4.10,4.40,3.90,4.10,4.20,4.00,3.90,3.90,4.30,4.20,4.30,4.40,4.10,3.80,4.20
VT 2.3 2.0 1.5 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.3 1.7 2.2 1.8 2.4 2.3 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.9 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.8 1.2 2.30,2.00,1.50,2.20,2.20,2.10,2.30,1.70,2.20,1.80,2.40,2.30,1.30,1.60,1.50,1.90,1.60,1.70,1.40,1.80,1.20
WA 5.0 5.6 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.8 4.2 4.0 3.6 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.1 3.9 4.1 5.00,5.60,4.40,4.50,4.70,4.50,4.30,4.20,4.00,3.80,4.20,4.00,3.60,4.00,3.90,4.20,4.40,4.30,4.10,3.90,4.10
WI 4.9 5.4 4.8 4.9 5.9 5.4 5.1 6.1 5.7 5.1 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.8 5.3 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.90,5.40,4.80,4.90,5.90,5.40,5.10,6.10,5.70,5.10,4.70,4.60,4.30,4.10,4.20,4.50,4.80,5.30,5.00,4.50,4.50
WV 2.5 2.4 2.6 1.5 1.9 2.5 1.8 2.1 3.2 2.9 2.1 2.5 3.3 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.50,2.40,2.60,1.50,1.90,2.50,1.80,2.10,3.20,2.90,2.10,2.50,3.30,3.60,3.30,3.30,3.20,3.20,2.50,2.70,2.40
WY 7.1 6.6 4.4 4.6 4.9 5.4 5.8 6.4 6.1 5.5 4.0 3.9 5.1 3.6 4.4 4.3 5.8 6.2 5.1 5.8 4.4 7.10,6.60,4.40,4.60,4.90,5.40,5.80,6.40,6.10,5.50,4.00,3.90,5.10,3.60,4.40,4.30,5.80,6.20,5.10,5.80,4.40
NA = not available

NOTES: S&E degrees conferred include bachelor's, master's, and doctorate. S&E degrees include agricultural; biological; computer; earth, atmospheric, and ocean; physical; and social sciences; mathematics, psychology, and engineering.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years).
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