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  • Dollar Conversion:
  • Current
  • Constant
State 1991 1993 1995 1997 1998 1999 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Trend
AK 0.66 0.55 0.64 0.54 NA 0.64 0.76 1.07 1.04 0.79 0.70 0.70 0.70 0.54 0.66 0.72 0.66,0.55,0.64,0.54,0.64,0.76,1.07,1.04,0.79,0.70,0.70,0.70,0.54,0.66,0.72
AL 1.99 2.33 1.75 1.61 1.81 1.57 1.49 1.86 1.94 1.94 1.86 2.07 1.99 2.86 2.37 2.16 1.99,2.33,1.75,1.61,1.81,1.57,1.49,1.86,1.94,1.94,1.86,2.07,1.99,2.86,2.37,2.16
AR 0.48 0.63 0.60 0.45 0.46 0.57 0.66 0.58 0.65 0.61 0.60 0.61 0.65 0.74 0.99 0.57 0.48,0.63,0.60,0.45,0.46,0.57,0.66,0.58,0.65,0.61,0.60,0.61,0.65,0.74,0.99,0.57
AZ 1.91 1.80 1.78 1.88 1.66 3.37 1.92 2.31 1.89 1.76 1.86 1.93 1.93 2.68 2.66 2.22 1.91,1.80,1.78,1.88,1.66,3.37,1.92,2.31,1.89,1.76,1.86,1.93,1.93,2.68,2.66,2.22
CA 3.59 4.08 3.95 4.01 3.94 3.96 4.18 3.70 4.08 3.80 3.78 3.97 4.15 4.28 4.38 4.39 3.59,4.08,3.95,4.01,3.94,3.96,4.18,3.70,4.08,3.80,3.78,3.97,4.15,4.28,4.38,4.39
CO NA 2.99 2.40 2.41 3.21 2.71 2.46 2.26 2.61 2.73 2.67 2.67 2.81 2.30 2.48 2.42 2.99,2.40,2.41,3.21,2.71,2.46,2.26,2.61,2.73,2.67,2.67,2.81,2.30,2.48,2.42
CT 1.89 2.61 3.50 2.52 2.48 2.97 2.99 4.01 3.77 4.20 4.58 4.32 4.63 5.16 5.27 3.35 1.89,2.61,3.50,2.52,2.48,2.97,2.99,4.01,3.77,4.20,4.58,4.32,4.63,5.16,5.27,3.35
DC 4.19 5.61 6.64 5.51 5.04 4.48 3.94 3.98 3.74 3.07 4.05 4.34 4.20 6.14 4.27 3.44 4.19,5.61,6.64,5.51,5.04,4.48,3.94,3.98,3.74,3.07,4.05,4.34,4.20,6.14,4.27,3.44
DE NA 5.31 4.14 3.20 7.15 3.56 3.77 3.02 2.99 2.34 3.00 2.82 2.70 2.75 3.73 3.70 5.31,4.14,3.20,7.15,3.56,3.77,3.02,2.99,2.34,3.00,2.82,2.70,2.75,3.73,3.70
FL 1.38 1.16 1.51 1.21 1.13 0.95 0.97 1.03 0.90 0.87 0.91 0.87 0.94 0.87 0.98 1.09 1.38,1.16,1.51,1.21,1.13,0.95,0.97,1.03,0.90,0.87,0.91,0.87,0.94,0.87,0.98,1.09
GA 1.00 0.92 1.04 0.96 0.98 1.07 0.95 1.25 1.21 1.07 1.06 1.17 1.11 1.29 1.50 1.36 1.00,0.92,1.04,0.96,0.98,1.07,0.95,1.25,1.21,1.07,1.06,1.17,1.11,1.29,1.50,1.36
HI 0.42 1.03 0.45 0.72 0.64 0.69 0.70 1.02 0.91 0.94 0.90 0.85 0.92 1.01 1.04 1.02 0.42,1.03,0.45,0.72,0.64,0.69,0.70,1.02,0.91,0.94,0.90,0.85,0.92,1.01,1.04,1.02
IA 1.34 1.42 1.90 1.20 1.26 1.15 1.09 1.37 1.39 1.41 1.39 1.38 1.40 1.59 1.94 2.00 1.34,1.42,1.90,1.20,1.26,1.15,1.09,1.37,1.39,1.41,1.39,1.38,1.40,1.59,1.94,2.00
ID NA 2.07 3.29 4.50 3.80 4.00 3.97 3.63 3.06 2.28 2.12 1.84 2.06 2.49 2.88 3.20 2.07,3.29,4.50,3.80,4.00,3.97,3.63,3.06,2.28,2.12,1.84,2.06,2.49,2.88,3.20
IL 2.22 2.12 2.05 1.97 2.06 2.16 2.69 2.05 2.13 2.07 2.20 2.27 2.28 1.89 2.00 2.46 2.22,2.12,2.05,1.97,2.06,2.16,2.69,2.05,2.13,2.07,2.20,2.27,2.28,1.89,2.00,2.46
IN 2.05 1.94 2.10 1.87 1.72 1.47 1.64 2.07 2.04 2.21 2.28 2.33 2.28 2.34 2.56 2.34 2.05,1.94,2.10,1.87,1.72,1.47,1.64,2.07,2.04,2.21,2.28,2.33,2.28,2.34,2.56,2.34
KS NA 0.79 1.17 1.84 1.96 1.92 1.66 2.03 2.10 2.17 2.26 2.19 1.41 1.63 1.73 1.58 0.79,1.17,1.84,1.96,1.92,1.66,2.03,2.10,2.17,2.26,2.19,1.41,1.63,1.73,1.58
KY 0.44 0.53 0.65 0.51 0.60 0.85 0.76 0.93 0.81 0.76 0.82 0.92 0.93 0.95 1.02 0.93 0.44,0.53,0.65,0.51,0.60,0.85,0.76,0.93,0.81,0.76,0.82,0.92,0.93,0.95,1.02,0.93
LA 0.47 0.49 0.37 0.48 0.45 0.50 0.48 0.62 0.61 0.57 0.49 0.48 0.52 0.56 0.57 0.53 0.47,0.49,0.37,0.48,0.45,0.50,0.48,0.62,0.61,0.57,0.49,0.48,0.52,0.56,0.57,0.53
MA 5.33 5.47 5.08 4.96 5.68 4.86 4.76 4.96 5.25 5.15 5.49 6.10 6.97 5.55 5.62 5.36 5.33,5.47,5.08,4.96,5.68,4.86,4.76,4.96,5.25,5.15,5.49,6.10,6.97,5.55,5.62,5.36
MD 4.97 6.00 4.94 4.84 4.96 4.70 4.72 4.37 4.69 6.18 5.72 5.58 5.20 5.91 6.46 6.23 4.97,6.00,4.94,4.84,4.96,4.70,4.72,4.37,4.69,6.18,5.72,5.58,5.20,5.91,6.46,6.23
ME NA 0.45 1.23 0.49 0.50 0.66 0.87 1.07 0.90 0.87 1.15 0.95 0.99 1.04 1.51 0.95 0.45,1.23,0.49,0.50,0.66,0.87,1.07,0.90,0.87,1.15,0.95,0.99,1.04,1.51,0.95
MI 4.48 4.76 5.17 4.80 4.48 5.81 5.60 4.29 4.66 4.57 4.89 4.83 4.50 4.20 3.99 4.00 4.48,4.76,5.17,4.80,4.48,5.81,5.60,4.29,4.66,4.57,4.89,4.83,4.50,4.20,3.99,4.00
MN 2.10 2.48 2.28 2.34 2.32 2.24 2.28 2.60 2.75 2.64 3.00 2.92 2.97 2.56 3.08 2.75 2.10,2.48,2.28,2.34,2.32,2.24,2.28,2.60,2.75,2.64,3.00,2.92,2.97,2.56,3.08,2.75
MO NA 1.50 1.78 1.16 1.13 1.16 1.43 1.29 1.37 1.46 1.68 1.63 1.61 1.61 1.86 3.79 1.50,1.78,1.16,1.13,1.16,1.43,1.29,1.37,1.46,1.68,1.63,1.61,1.61,1.86,3.79
MS 0.74 0.68 0.57 0.64 0.60 0.75 0.78 0.99 2.06 0.84 0.96 0.88 0.91 0.85 0.91 0.89 0.74,0.68,0.57,0.64,0.60,0.75,0.78,0.99,2.06,0.84,0.96,0.88,0.91,0.85,0.91,0.89
MT NA 0.56 0.68 1.04 0.95 0.81 0.79 0.99 0.96 1.06 1.06 0.95 2.45 1.12 1.04 1.07 0.56,0.68,1.04,0.95,0.81,0.79,0.99,0.96,1.06,1.06,0.95,2.45,1.12,1.04,1.07
NC 1.34 1.63 1.65 2.04 1.88 1.98 1.79 1.70 2.04 1.98 2.07 2.04 2.32 2.11 1.96 2.05 1.34,1.63,1.65,2.04,1.88,1.98,1.79,1.70,2.04,1.98,2.07,2.04,2.32,2.11,1.96,2.05
ND NA 0.70 0.66 0.72 0.70 0.98 0.80 1.44 1.71 2.39 1.16 1.21 1.15 1.61 1.38 1.32 0.70,0.66,0.72,0.70,0.98,0.80,1.44,1.71,2.39,1.16,1.21,1.15,1.61,1.38,1.32
NE 0.59 0.75 0.74 0.54 0.61 0.77 0.77 1.08 1.07 1.06 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.16 1.20 1.03 0.59,0.75,0.74,0.54,0.61,0.77,0.77,1.08,1.07,1.06,1.10,1.10,1.10,1.16,1.20,1.03
NH NA 1.60 1.88 2.20 3.46 3.10 1.75 3.07 3.41 3.24 3.31 3.78 3.71 4.27 2.05 3.53 1.60,1.88,2.20,3.46,3.10,1.75,3.07,3.41,3.24,3.31,3.78,3.71,4.27,2.05,3.53
NJ 3.96 3.82 3.46 4.01 3.64 3.22 3.75 3.45 3.26 3.03 3.46 3.58 4.15 4.30 4.28 3.70 3.96,3.82,3.46,4.01,3.64,3.22,3.75,3.45,3.26,3.03,3.46,3.58,4.15,4.30,4.28,3.70
NM 8.55 7.46 7.82 6.37 6.52 6.72 6.13 8.74 8.59 7.97 7.77 8.10 7.62 7.66 7.72 8.01 8.55,7.46,7.82,6.37,6.52,6.72,6.13,8.74,8.59,7.97,7.77,8.10,7.62,7.66,7.72,8.01
NV 0.80 0.55 0.90 0.88 0.89 0.65 0.50 0.63 0.65 0.62 0.54 0.64 0.60 0.69 0.68 0.75 0.80,0.55,0.90,0.88,0.89,0.65,0.50,0.63,0.65,0.62,0.54,0.64,0.60,0.69,0.68,0.75
NY 2.07 2.04 1.88 1.86 2.00 1.93 1.76 1.62 1.55 1.47 1.47 1.39 1.48 1.53 1.53 1.51 2.07,2.04,1.88,1.86,2.00,1.93,1.76,1.62,1.55,1.47,1.47,1.39,1.48,1.53,1.53,1.51
OH 2.55 2.46 1.79 2.14 1.99 2.22 2.01 2.09 2.10 1.83 1.86 2.08 2.15 2.18 2.24 2.16 2.55,2.46,1.79,2.14,1.99,2.22,2.01,2.09,2.10,1.83,1.86,2.08,2.15,2.18,2.24,2.16
OK 1.01 0.81 0.75 0.82 0.64 0.78 0.72 0.80 0.92 0.72 0.68 0.67 0.66 0.67 0.71 0.70 1.01,0.81,0.75,0.82,0.64,0.78,0.72,0.80,0.92,0.72,0.68,0.67,0.66,0.67,0.71,0.70
OR 1.01 1.11 1.33 1.57 1.89 1.89 1.87 2.42 2.87 2.67 2.73 2.57 2.59 2.74 2.84 2.89 1.01,1.11,1.33,1.57,1.89,1.89,1.87,2.42,2.87,2.67,2.73,2.57,2.59,2.74,2.84,2.89
PA 2.99 2.94 2.21 2.39 2.41 2.81 2.49 2.30 2.25 2.34 2.47 2.55 2.54 2.40 2.50 2.34 2.99,2.94,2.21,2.39,2.41,2.81,2.49,2.30,2.25,2.34,2.47,2.55,2.54,2.40,2.50,2.34
PR NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
RI 2.23 2.05 3.51 3.69 5.70 5.32 4.47 4.30 4.32 4.29 4.50 4.31 2.29 2.61 2.43 2.96 2.23,2.05,3.51,3.69,5.70,5.32,4.47,4.30,4.32,4.29,4.50,4.31,2.29,2.61,2.43,2.96
SC 0.87 0.94 1.14 1.07 0.96 0.89 0.98 1.34 1.24 1.19 1.49 1.45 1.45 1.31 1.44 1.47 0.87,0.94,1.14,1.07,0.96,0.89,0.98,1.34,1.24,1.19,1.49,1.45,1.45,1.31,1.44,1.47
SD 0.24 0.36 0.30 0.36 0.28 0.27 0.35 0.40 0.52 0.49 0.50 0.59 0.69 0.68 0.71 0.71 0.24,0.36,0.30,0.36,0.28,0.27,0.35,0.40,0.52,0.49,0.50,0.59,0.69,0.68,0.71,0.71
TN 1.13 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.54 1.33 1.16 1.33 1.50 1.49 1.34 1.38 1.51 1.56 1.59 1.56 1.13,1.01,1.02,1.02,1.54,1.33,1.16,1.33,1.50,1.49,1.34,1.38,1.51,1.56,1.59,1.56
TX 1.69 1.57 1.65 1.58 1.70 1.85 1.58 1.82 1.79 1.58 1.64 1.62 1.56 1.68 1.76 1.59 1.69,1.57,1.65,1.58,1.70,1.85,1.58,1.82,1.79,1.58,1.64,1.62,1.56,1.68,1.76,1.59
US 2.28 2.50 2.43 2.41 2.46 2.50 2.48 2.42 2.51 2.41 2.47 2.52 2.58 2.63 2.70 2.61 2.28,2.50,2.43,2.41,2.46,2.50,2.48,2.42,2.51,2.41,2.47,2.52,2.58,2.63,2.70,2.61
UT 1.98 1.94 2.45 2.44 2.44 2.28 1.96 2.11 1.94 1.94 2.08 1.94 2.15 2.22 2.42 2.70 1.98,1.94,2.45,2.44,2.44,2.28,1.96,2.11,1.94,1.94,2.08,1.94,2.15,2.22,2.42,2.70
VA 1.84 1.75 2.09 1.96 2.19 2.09 1.94 2.03 2.47 2.23 2.40 2.63 2.43 2.88 2.83 2.38 1.84,1.75,2.09,1.96,2.19,2.09,1.94,2.03,2.47,2.23,2.40,2.63,2.43,2.88,2.83,2.38
VT NA 2.63 2.22 2.06 1.10 2.30 2.58 2.03 2.40 2.50 2.17 2.09 2.22 2.23 2.26 1.75 2.63,2.22,2.06,1.10,2.30,2.58,2.03,2.40,2.50,2.17,2.09,2.22,2.23,2.26,1.75
WA 3.09 3.80 3.38 4.08 4.24 3.77 4.62 4.43 4.64 4.24 4.25 4.53 4.63 5.00 5.81 4.87 3.09,3.80,3.38,4.08,4.24,3.77,4.62,4.43,4.64,4.24,4.25,4.53,4.63,5.00,5.81,4.87
WI 1.50 1.54 1.65 1.49 1.56 1.51 1.52 1.88 1.84 1.76 1.74 1.81 1.93 2.10 2.08 2.18 1.50,1.54,1.65,1.49,1.56,1.51,1.52,1.88,1.84,1.76,1.74,1.81,1.93,2.10,2.08,2.18
WV NA 0.88 1.31 1.13 1.08 1.07 1.10 1.22 1.17 1.07 1.09 0.97 1.14 1.34 1.10 0.93 0.88,1.31,1.13,1.08,1.07,1.10,1.22,1.17,1.07,1.09,0.97,1.14,1.34,1.10,0.93
WY 0.32 0.46 0.59 0.60 0.44 0.42 0.36 0.42 0.54 0.42 0.46 0.42 0.38 0.40 0.41 0.29 0.32,0.46,0.59,0.60,0.44,0.42,0.36,0.42,0.54,0.42,0.46,0.42,0.38,0.40,0.41,0.29
NA = not available
GDP = gross domestic product

NOTES: R&D includes R&D performed by federal agencies, businesses, universities, other nonprofit organizations, and state agencies.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, National Patterns of R&D Resources (various years); Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross Domestic Product data (June 2013).
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