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  • Dollar Conversion:
  • Current
  • Constant
State 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Trend
AK 361 402 354 342 565 344 327 345 365 387 518 843 983 1,285 1,466 1,544 641 800 667 738 706 600 361.00,402.00,354.00,342.00,565.00,344.00,327.00,345.00,365.00,387.00,518.00,843.00,983.00,1285.00,1466.00,1544.00,641.00,800.00,667.00,738.00,706.00,600.00
AL 1,013 1,045 1,189 1,161 953 987 1,093 1,088 978 873 808 1,207 1,371 1,614 1,512 1,515 1,030 1,068 1,355 1,537 1,765 2,658 1013.00,1045.00,1189.00,1161.00,953.00,987.00,1093.00,1088.00,978.00,873.00,808.00,1207.00,1371.00,1614.00,1512.00,1515.00,1030.00,1068.00,1355.00,1537.00,1765.00,2658.00
AR 82 82 64 72 77 83 126 81 83 89 96 154 117 122 120 130 121 138 112 136 146 148 82.00,82.00,64.00,72.00,77.00,83.00,126.00,81.00,83.00,89.00,96.00,154.00,117.00,122.00,120.00,130.00,121.00,138.00,112.00,136.00,146.00,148.00
AZ 349 301 364 291 405 431 329 333 436 474 479 767 907 927 998 1,086 725 836 841 1,028 1,232 1,067 349.00,301.00,364.00,291.00,405.00,431.00,329.00,333.00,436.00,474.00,479.00,767.00,907.00,927.00,998.00,1086.00,725.00,836.00,841.00,1028.00,1232.00,1067.00
CA 1,137 1,040 1,153 1,078 806 896 885 929 804 1,002 925 802 1,186 1,245 1,178 1,203 1,258 1,591 1,180 1,502 1,695 1,464 1137.00,1040.00,1153.00,1078.00,806.00,896.00,885.00,929.00,804.00,1002.00,925.00,802.00,1186.00,1245.00,1178.00,1203.00,1258.00,1591.00,1180.00,1502.00,1695.00,1464.00
CO 1,125 1,581 848 733 694 514 613 622 600 634 608 630 750 742 864 922 798 1,083 1,026 1,475 1,756 1,589 1125.00,1581.00,848.00,733.00,694.00,514.00,613.00,622.00,600.00,634.00,608.00,630.00,750.00,742.00,864.00,922.00,798.00,1083.00,1026.00,1475.00,1756.00,1589.00
CT 295 394 341 310 439 543 481 505 415 386 475 810 1,656 1,219 1,246 1,396 912 1,202 1,026 1,271 1,264 1,454 295.00,394.00,341.00,310.00,439.00,543.00,481.00,505.00,415.00,386.00,475.00,810.00,1656.00,1219.00,1246.00,1396.00,912.00,1202.00,1026.00,1271.00,1264.00,1454.00
DC 5,109 6,526 7,532 8,650 8,708 10,065 9,687 8,495 8,251 8,512 8,369 9,684 11,052 10,462 11,544 13,937 13,469 13,892 56,226 13,882 12,515 10,372 5109.00,6526.00,7532.00,8650.00,8708.00,10065.00,9687.00,8495.00,8251.00,8512.00,8369.00,9684.00,11052.00,10462.00,11544.00,13937.00,13469.00,13892.00,56226.00,13882.00,12515.00,10372.00
DE 82 122 124 159 140 158 174 129 118 135 173 207 201 236 220 226 256 306 341 521 321 282 82.00,122.00,124.00,159.00,140.00,158.00,174.00,129.00,118.00,135.00,173.00,207.00,201.00,236.00,220.00,226.00,256.00,306.00,341.00,521.00,321.00,282.00
FL 387 360 462 441 447 360 434 472 381 309 302 364 332 367 408 312 270 461 265 396 386 309 387.00,360.00,462.00,441.00,447.00,360.00,434.00,472.00,381.00,309.00,302.00,364.00,332.00,367.00,408.00,312.00,270.00,461.00,265.00,396.00,386.00,309.00
GA 116 149 789 926 1,625 1,239 1,137 1,045 892 512 648 836 539 511 449 499 278 368 305 398 358 342 116.00,149.00,789.00,926.00,1625.00,1239.00,1137.00,1045.00,892.00,512.00,648.00,836.00,539.00,511.00,449.00,499.00,278.00,368.00,305.00,398.00,358.00,342.00
HI 186 206 273 203 252 250 263 266 289 345 401 739 733 699 816 984 550 612 563 638 645 694 186.00,206.00,273.00,203.00,252.00,250.00,263.00,266.00,289.00,345.00,401.00,739.00,733.00,699.00,816.00,984.00,550.00,612.00,563.00,638.00,645.00,694.00
IA 134 149 135 146 148 139 138 147 152 169 177 230 296 325 351 313 312 413 394 413 580 450 134.00,149.00,135.00,146.00,148.00,139.00,138.00,147.00,152.00,169.00,177.00,230.00,296.00,325.00,351.00,313.00,312.00,413.00,394.00,413.00,580.00,450.00
ID 698 586 606 588 412 372 421 344 346 323 344 325 364 334 433 417 414 395 493 552 689 656 698.00,586.00,606.00,588.00,412.00,372.00,421.00,344.00,346.00,323.00,344.00,325.00,364.00,334.00,433.00,417.00,414.00,395.00,493.00,552.00,689.00,656.00
IL 172 175 166 171 189 189 185 190 192 214 242 299 290 327 315 353 317 339 347 456 444 504 172.00,175.00,166.00,171.00,189.00,189.00,185.00,190.00,192.00,214.00,242.00,299.00,290.00,327.00,315.00,353.00,317.00,339.00,347.00,456.00,444.00,504.00
IN 135 142 136 183 139 143 147 136 125 136 168 188 179 191 186 187 182 194 220 367 348 316 135.00,142.00,136.00,183.00,139.00,143.00,147.00,136.00,125.00,136.00,168.00,188.00,179.00,191.00,186.00,187.00,182.00,194.00,220.00,367.00,348.00,316.00
KS 96 68 73 70 66 93 162 192 115 141 166 228 215 197 208 257 151 225 212 286 249 266 96.00,68.00,73.00,70.00,66.00,93.00,162.00,192.00,115.00,141.00,166.00,228.00,215.00,197.00,208.00,257.00,151.00,225.00,212.00,286.00,249.00,266.00
KY 59 75 43 51 52 42 44 50 118 79 136 200 175 133 136 158 126 115 132 172 155 131 59.00,75.00,43.00,51.00,52.00,42.00,44.00,50.00,118.00,79.00,136.00,200.00,175.00,133.00,136.00,158.00,126.00,115.00,132.00,172.00,155.00,131.00
LA 69 91 95 88 118 93 123 112 117 114 129 143 229 239 232 229 169 217 207 207 172 319 69.00,91.00,95.00,88.00,118.00,93.00,123.00,112.00,117.00,114.00,129.00,143.00,229.00,239.00,232.00,229.00,169.00,217.00,207.00,207.00,172.00,319.00
MA 987 1,079 1,113 1,208 1,071 1,102 1,035 1,088 970 964 1,391 1,374 1,517 1,711 1,861 2,047 1,875 2,298 2,100 2,591 2,744 2,422 987.00,1079.00,1113.00,1208.00,1071.00,1102.00,1035.00,1088.00,970.00,964.00,1391.00,1374.00,1517.00,1711.00,1861.00,2047.00,1875.00,2298.00,2100.00,2591.00,2744.00,2422.00
MD 2,163 2,259 2,326 2,894 2,616 2,854 2,573 2,770 2,994 3,011 3,238 3,493 2,715 2,928 4,566 4,425 4,321 4,126 4,602 5,603 5,609 5,633 2163.00,2259.00,2326.00,2894.00,2616.00,2854.00,2573.00,2770.00,2994.00,3011.00,3238.00,3493.00,2715.00,2928.00,4566.00,4425.00,4321.00,4126.00,4602.00,5603.00,5609.00,5633.00
ME 66 97 102 111 139 88 92 110 168 235 384 693 393 256 322 444 340 568 253 286 253 279 66.00,97.00,102.00,111.00,139.00,88.00,92.00,110.00,168.00,235.00,384.00,693.00,393.00,256.00,322.00,444.00,340.00,568.00,253.00,286.00,253.00,279.00
MI 190 186 207 201 171 149 152 155 157 171 203 245 265 362 238 250 356 369 410 571 605 515 190.00,186.00,207.00,201.00,171.00,149.00,152.00,155.00,157.00,171.00,203.00,245.00,265.00,362.00,238.00,250.00,356.00,369.00,410.00,571.00,605.00,515.00
MN 233 198 195 186 192 225 265 234 303 329 293 327 419 315 302 279 446 501 503 569 387 350 233.00,198.00,195.00,186.00,192.00,225.00,265.00,234.00,303.00,329.00,293.00,327.00,419.00,315.00,302.00,279.00,446.00,501.00,503.00,569.00,387.00,350.00
MO 433 238 293 286 867 597 464 407 334 329 315 323 439 480 1,086 1,474 424 422 387 436 418 433 433.00,238.00,293.00,286.00,867.00,597.00,464.00,407.00,334.00,329.00,315.00,323.00,439.00,480.00,1086.00,1474.00,424.00,422.00,387.00,436.00,418.00,433.00
MS 435 213 233 231 221 178 211 241 231 287 334 338 517 963 1,298 359 453 356 359 315 358 509 435.00,213.00,233.00,231.00,221.00,178.00,211.00,241.00,231.00,287.00,334.00,338.00,517.00,963.00,1298.00,359.00,453.00,356.00,359.00,315.00,358.00,509.00
MT 81 119 183 174 139 153 149 186 186 217 236 306 255 291 414 393 315 1,346 328 364 301 390 81.00,119.00,183.00,174.00,139.00,153.00,149.00,186.00,186.00,217.00,236.00,306.00,255.00,291.00,414.00,393.00,315.00,1346.00,328.00,364.00,301.00,390.00
NC 185 202 208 209 209 232 222 236 240 257 268 356 354 407 418 438 414 427 414 491 520 495 185.00,202.00,208.00,209.00,209.00,232.00,222.00,236.00,240.00,257.00,268.00,356.00,354.00,407.00,418.00,438.00,414.00,427.00,414.00,491.00,520.00,495.00
ND 173 143 178 163 152 143 138 158 155 178 191 232 314 319 320 343 321 326 274 284 331 320 173.00,143.00,178.00,163.00,152.00,143.00,138.00,158.00,155.00,178.00,191.00,232.00,314.00,319.00,320.00,343.00,321.00,326.00,274.00,284.00,331.00,320.00
NE 96 94 87 94 100 96 99 92 93 103 113 157 167 180 224 206 170 242 213 233 254 273 96.00,94.00,87.00,94.00,100.00,96.00,99.00,92.00,93.00,103.00,113.00,157.00,167.00,180.00,224.00,206.00,170.00,242.00,213.00,233.00,254.00,273.00
NH 248 345 274 410 368 352 435 439 414 438 530 697 459 754 614 737 525 476 412 602 505 584 248.00,345.00,274.00,410.00,368.00,352.00,435.00,439.00,414.00,438.00,530.00,697.00,459.00,754.00,614.00,737.00,525.00,476.00,412.00,602.00,505.00,584.00
NJ 414 450 444 382 366 337 324 327 361 650 479 407 512 508 549 600 496 514 515 593 694 637 414.00,450.00,444.00,382.00,366.00,337.00,324.00,327.00,361.00,650.00,479.00,407.00,512.00,508.00,549.00,600.00,496.00,514.00,515.00,593.00,694.00,637.00
NM 3,482 3,023 3,250 3,298 2,611 2,632 2,600 2,515 2,414 2,608 2,729 3,521 3,495 3,697 3,957 4,148 3,496 3,848 3,872 4,081 3,875 4,122 3482.00,3023.00,3250.00,3298.00,2611.00,2632.00,2600.00,2515.00,2414.00,2608.00,2729.00,3521.00,3495.00,3697.00,3957.00,4148.00,3496.00,3848.00,3872.00,4081.00,3875.00,4122.00
NV 779 763 688 569 455 458 299 330 314 285 269 346 321 383 492 506 346 258 249 407 317 399 779.00,763.00,688.00,569.00,455.00,458.00,299.00,330.00,314.00,285.00,269.00,346.00,321.00,383.00,492.00,506.00,346.00,258.00,249.00,407.00,317.00,399.00
NY 355 380 383 317 332 318 304 294 300 311 342 404 438 504 511 595 577 590 510 693 639 601 355.00,380.00,383.00,317.00,332.00,318.00,304.00,294.00,300.00,311.00,342.00,404.00,438.00,504.00,511.00,595.00,577.00,590.00,510.00,693.00,639.00,601.00
OH 411 343 367 374 330 340 313 345 1,014 666 388 548 433 540 508 535 432 652 465 719 778 681 411.00,343.00,367.00,374.00,330.00,340.00,313.00,345.00,1014.00,666.00,388.00,548.00,433.00,540.00,508.00,535.00,432.00,652.00,465.00,719.00,778.00,681.00
OK 113 92 88 81 97 106 91 104 112 104 144 201 172 357 310 246 159 152 156 213 259 283 113.00,92.00,88.00,81.00,97.00,106.00,91.00,104.00,112.00,104.00,144.00,201.00,172.00,357.00,310.00,246.00,159.00,152.00,156.00,213.00,259.00,283.00
OR 123 152 156 154 181 179 190 193 208 240 273 305 296 303 294 373 282 278 318 360 383 408 123.00,152.00,156.00,154.00,181.00,179.00,190.00,193.00,208.00,240.00,273.00,305.00,296.00,303.00,294.00,373.00,282.00,278.00,318.00,360.00,383.00,408.00
PA 377 391 329 466 359 431 339 328 326 328 411 472 553 688 637 617 536 555 537 698 848 768 377.00,391.00,329.00,466.00,359.00,431.00,339.00,328.00,326.00,328.00,411.00,472.00,553.00,688.00,637.00,617.00,536.00,555.00,537.00,698.00,848.00,768.00
PR NA NA NA NA 49 43 46 52 58 64 70 80 116 93 82 81 78 70 72 87 89 96 49.00,43.00,46.00,52.00,58.00,64.00,70.00,80.00,116.00,93.00,82.00,81.00,78.00,70.00,72.00,87.00,89.00,96.00
RI 792 903 799 1,022 903 1,078 1,190 801 757 755 803 840 954 1,061 1,221 1,668 1,132 1,153 1,220 1,344 1,326 1,227 792.00,903.00,799.00,1022.00,903.00,1078.00,1190.00,801.00,757.00,755.00,803.00,840.00,954.00,1061.00,1221.00,1668.00,1132.00,1153.00,1220.00,1344.00,1326.00,1227.00
SC 141 151 103 102 115 99 105 92 102 115 130 171 203 245 204 256 188 210 227 341 345 266 141.00,151.00,103.00,102.00,115.00,99.00,105.00,92.00,102.00,115.00,130.00,171.00,203.00,245.00,204.00,256.00,188.00,210.00,227.00,341.00,345.00,266.00
SD 47 66 69 76 73 71 92 109 118 99 98 137 146 134 170 169 180 145 178 189 178 147 47.00,66.00,69.00,76.00,73.00,71.00,92.00,109.00,118.00,99.00,98.00,137.00,146.00,134.00,170.00,169.00,180.00,145.00,178.00,189.00,178.00,147.00
TN 364 323 287 282 267 226 214 214 231 252 299 381 426 414 503 513 510 658 592 745 758 783 364.00,323.00,287.00,282.00,267.00,226.00,214.00,214.00,231.00,252.00,299.00,381.00,426.00,414.00,503.00,513.00,510.00,658.00,592.00,745.00,758.00,783.00
TX 435 285 346 298 416 453 381 387 428 395 305 319 351 529 530 492 489 613 454 520 612 514 435.00,285.00,346.00,298.00,416.00,453.00,381.00,387.00,428.00,395.00,305.00,319.00,351.00,529.00,530.00,492.00,489.00,613.00,454.00,520.00,612.00,514.00
US 522 505 536 541 530 527 516 522 530 545 541 601 669 736 789 825 748 859 862 938 989 940 522.00,505.00,536.00,541.00,530.00,527.00,516.00,522.00,530.00,545.00,541.00,601.00,669.00,736.00,789.00,825.00,748.00,859.00,862.00,938.00,989.00,940.00
UT 558 529 371 335 344 377 350 309 371 282 279 380 411 705 1,004 860 574 746 526 765 1,364 1,402 558.00,529.00,371.00,335.00,344.00,377.00,350.00,309.00,371.00,282.00,279.00,380.00,411.00,705.00,1004.00,860.00,574.00,746.00,526.00,765.00,1364.00,1402.00
VA 888 937 1,027 1,065 1,141 1,023 1,407 1,459 1,380 1,671 1,417 1,412 1,721 1,840 1,964 2,312 2,300 2,334 2,335 2,363 2,372 2,199 888.00,937.00,1027.00,1065.00,1141.00,1023.00,1407.00,1459.00,1380.00,1671.00,1417.00,1412.00,1721.00,1840.00,1964.00,2312.00,2300.00,2334.00,2335.00,2363.00,2372.00,2199.00
VT 144 195 176 208 161 173 152 158 179 190 220 341 411 607 1,248 780 308 318 354 452 422 372 144.00,195.00,176.00,208.00,161.00,173.00,152.00,158.00,179.00,190.00,220.00,341.00,411.00,607.00,1248.00,780.00,308.00,318.00,354.00,452.00,422.00,372.00
WA 651 521 368 351 376 429 425 434 432 448 464 602 703 838 771 859 1,280 1,470 1,321 1,265 1,236 1,575 651.00,521.00,368.00,351.00,376.00,429.00,425.00,434.00,432.00,448.00,464.00,602.00,703.00,838.00,771.00,859.00,1280.00,1470.00,1321.00,1265.00,1236.00,1575.00
WI 109 118 120 133 132 122 118 116 116 131 145 168 208 230 225 226 217 228 225 310 282 266 109.00,118.00,120.00,133.00,132.00,122.00,118.00,116.00,116.00,131.00,145.00,168.00,208.00,230.00,225.00,226.00,217.00,228.00,225.00,310.00,282.00,266.00
WV 169 258 241 296 299 398 346 259 322 298 308 496 339 516 423 1,057 388 283 292 350 424 353 169.00,258.00,241.00,296.00,299.00,398.00,346.00,259.00,322.00,298.00,308.00,496.00,339.00,516.00,423.00,1057.00,388.00,283.00,292.00,350.00,424.00,353.00
WY 257 133 184 210 155 147 155 116 135 140 137 143 153 166 181 140 131 130 165 228 131 132 257.00,133.00,184.00,210.00,155.00,147.00,155.00,116.00,135.00,140.00,137.00,143.00,153.00,166.00,181.00,140.00,131.00,130.00,165.00,228.00,131.00,132.00
NOTES: Only 11 agencies are required to report federal R&D obligations: Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security (established in 2002), Interior, and Transportation; Environmental Protection Agency; National Aeronautics and Space Administration; and National Science Foundation. These obligations represent approximately 98% of total federal R&D obligations. Civilian workers represent the employed component of the civilian labor force and are reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted. Federal R&D obligations are reported in current dollars.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Federal Funds for Research and Development (various years); Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics (various years).
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