Skip all navigation and go to page content.

  • Dollar Conversion:
  • Current
  • Constant
State 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Trend
AK 3.28 3.95 4.17 4.17 4.46 4.61 4.26 4.07 3.90 2.93 2.57 2.92 2.95 2.86 2.62 3.28,3.95,4.17,4.17,4.46,4.61,4.26,4.07,3.90,2.93,2.57,2.92,2.95,2.86,2.62
AL 4.15 3.72 3.69 3.71 4.02 4.21 4.03 3.91 3.78 3.96 4.16 4.58 4.80 4.94 4.40 4.15,3.72,3.69,3.71,4.02,4.21,4.03,3.91,3.78,3.96,4.16,4.58,4.80,4.94,4.40
AR 1.89 1.70 1.93 1.98 1.90 2.36 2.18 2.37 2.53 2.47 2.46 2.41 2.48 2.54 2.51 1.89,1.70,1.93,1.98,1.90,2.36,2.18,2.37,2.53,2.47,2.46,2.41,2.48,2.54,2.51
AZ 2.92 2.91 2.88 2.94 3.00 3.27 3.24 3.24 3.11 3.02 3.18 3.56 3.65 3.72 3.70 2.92,2.91,2.88,2.94,3.00,3.27,3.24,3.24,3.11,3.02,3.18,3.56,3.65,3.72,3.70
CA 3.04 3.02 3.08 3.30 3.52 3.67 3.83 3.71 3.61 3.60 3.70 4.07 4.11 4.15 4.04 3.04,3.02,3.08,3.30,3.52,3.67,3.83,3.71,3.61,3.60,3.70,4.07,4.11,4.15,4.04
CO 3.44 3.27 3.17 3.17 3.46 3.62 3.83 3.80 3.56 3.60 3.66 4.31 4.43 4.69 4.56 3.44,3.27,3.17,3.17,3.46,3.62,3.83,3.80,3.56,3.60,3.66,4.31,4.43,4.69,4.56
CT 2.83 2.81 2.87 2.97 3.19 3.42 3.46 3.41 3.30 3.13 3.33 3.47 3.91 4.09 4.03 2.83,2.81,2.87,2.97,3.19,3.42,3.46,3.41,3.30,3.13,3.33,3.47,3.91,4.09,4.03
DC 4.51 3.99 4.22 3.59 3.84 3.91 3.90 3.67 3.41 3.66 3.88 3.31 4.15 4.16 4.14 4.51,3.99,4.22,3.59,3.84,3.91,3.90,3.67,3.41,3.66,3.88,3.31,4.15,4.16,4.14
DE 2.04 2.02 1.92 1.83 2.02 2.21 2.27 2.13 2.17 2.11 2.30 2.22 2.58 2.77 2.68 2.04,2.02,1.92,1.83,2.02,2.21,2.27,2.13,2.17,2.11,2.30,2.22,2.58,2.77,2.68
FL 1.69 1.75 1.77 1.97 2.03 2.10 2.10 2.13 2.08 2.05 2.13 2.31 2.44 2.54 2.49 1.69,1.75,1.77,1.97,2.03,2.10,2.10,2.13,2.08,2.05,2.13,2.31,2.44,2.54,2.49
GA 3.16 3.03 3.15 3.24 3.43 3.62 3.56 3.51 3.42 3.48 3.76 3.97 3.89 3.93 3.94 3.16,3.03,3.15,3.24,3.43,3.62,3.56,3.51,3.42,3.48,3.76,3.97,3.89,3.93,3.94
HI 3.89 3.99 3.89 3.69 3.86 3.84 4.62 4.22 4.22 4.28 4.22 4.64 4.68 4.99 4.53 3.89,3.99,3.89,3.69,3.86,3.84,4.62,4.22,4.22,4.28,4.22,4.64,4.68,4.99,4.53
IA 4.28 4.30 4.48 4.67 4.93 4.77 4.60 4.57 4.62 4.38 3.94 4.18 4.99 4.83 4.56 4.28,4.30,4.48,4.67,4.93,4.77,4.60,4.57,4.62,4.38,3.94,4.18,4.99,4.83,4.56
ID 2.44 2.19 2.04 2.27 2.47 2.66 2.65 2.46 2.21 2.10 2.06 2.22 2.21 2.44 2.45 2.44,2.19,2.04,2.27,2.47,2.66,2.65,2.46,2.21,2.10,2.06,2.22,2.21,2.44,2.45
IL 2.41 2.45 2.47 2.63 2.90 3.11 3.14 3.12 3.04 2.98 3.12 3.38 3.34 3.38 3.27 2.41,2.45,2.47,2.63,2.90,3.11,3.14,3.12,3.04,2.98,3.12,3.38,3.34,3.38,3.27
IN 2.37 2.45 2.57 2.92 3.12 3.30 3.63 3.17 3.31 3.41 3.66 3.98 3.87 4.01 3.85 2.37,2.45,2.57,2.92,3.12,3.30,3.63,3.17,3.31,3.41,3.66,3.98,3.87,4.01,3.85
KS 2.75 2.90 3.01 3.01 3.27 3.21 3.33 3.33 3.17 3.12 3.25 3.62 3.64 3.64 3.45 2.75,2.90,3.01,3.01,3.27,3.21,3.33,3.33,3.17,3.12,3.25,3.62,3.64,3.64,3.45
KY 2.24 2.42 2.45 2.55 2.75 3.01 3.22 3.26 3.27 3.34 3.25 3.41 3.34 3.31 3.15 2.24,2.42,2.45,2.55,2.75,3.01,3.22,3.26,3.27,3.34,3.25,3.41,3.34,3.31,3.15
LA 2.93 3.02 3.12 3.14 3.43 3.30 3.26 2.94 2.67 2.91 3.09 3.28 2.89 2.81 2.69 2.93,3.02,3.12,3.14,3.43,3.30,3.26,2.94,2.67,2.91,3.09,3.28,2.89,2.81,2.69
MA 5.72 5.58 5.44 5.58 5.89 6.12 6.44 6.43 6.29 6.16 6.28 6.83 6.97 7.22 7.45 5.72,5.58,5.44,5.58,5.89,6.12,6.44,6.43,6.29,6.16,6.28,6.83,6.97,7.22,7.45
MD 8.22 8.05 5.85 8.41 9.17 9.42 9.78 9.53 9.74 9.35 9.77 10.61 10.45 11.03 10.44 8.22,8.05,5.85,8.41,9.17,9.42,9.78,9.53,9.74,9.35,9.77,10.61,10.45,11.03,10.44
ME 1.10 1.30 1.58 1.78 1.88 2.02 2.23 2.12 2.52 2.80 2.59 2.57 2.31 2.46 2.21 1.10,1.30,1.58,1.78,1.88,2.02,2.23,2.12,2.52,2.80,2.59,2.57,2.31,2.46,2.21
MI 2.90 2.85 2.99 3.28 3.51 3.83 3.82 3.88 3.92 3.91 4.32 4.99 5.19 5.27 5.22 2.90,2.85,2.99,3.28,3.51,3.83,3.82,3.88,3.92,3.91,4.32,4.99,5.19,5.27,5.22
MN 2.24 2.17 2.21 2.42 2.50 2.44 2.36 2.35 2.47 2.51 2.67 2.94 2.99 3.10 2.85 2.24,2.17,2.21,2.42,2.50,2.44,2.36,2.35,2.47,2.51,2.67,2.94,2.99,3.10,2.85
MO 2.94 3.19 3.39 3.66 3.67 4.04 4.04 4.13 4.02 4.04 3.98 4.24 3.95 3.94 4.09 2.94,3.19,3.39,3.66,3.67,4.04,4.04,4.13,4.02,4.04,3.98,4.24,3.95,3.94,4.09
MS 2.51 2.75 3.31 3.58 4.16 4.39 4.48 4.34 4.30 4.46 4.26 4.50 4.37 4.52 4.31 2.51,2.75,3.31,3.58,4.16,4.39,4.48,4.34,4.30,4.46,4.26,4.50,4.37,4.52,4.31
MT 3.81 4.07 4.58 4.67 5.15 5.50 5.56 5.68 5.36 5.11 5.19 5.19 5.36 4.68 4.57 3.81,4.07,4.58,4.67,5.15,5.50,5.56,5.68,5.36,5.11,5.19,5.19,5.36,4.68,4.57
NC 3.70 3.81 3.69 3.90 4.23 4.49 4.42 4.67 4.52 4.75 4.86 5.23 5.68 5.78 5.74 3.70,3.81,3.69,3.90,4.23,4.49,4.42,4.67,4.52,4.75,4.86,5.23,5.68,5.78,5.74
ND 3.34 3.58 3.69 4.42 5.19 5.98 6.50 6.08 6.14 5.94 5.69 5.77 5.73 5.24 4.64 3.34,3.58,3.69,4.42,5.19,5.98,6.50,6.08,6.14,5.94,5.69,5.77,5.73,5.24,4.64
NE 3.59 3.81 3.64 4.05 4.35 4.53 4.67 4.97 4.69 4.44 4.42 4.56 3.88 4.09 4.21 3.59,3.81,3.64,4.05,4.35,4.53,4.67,4.97,4.69,4.44,4.42,4.56,3.88,4.09,4.21
NH 3.03 3.14 3.42 4.41 4.71 5.17 5.40 5.35 5.62 5.31 5.16 5.06 4.88 5.42 6.15 3.03,3.14,3.42,4.41,4.71,5.17,5.40,5.35,5.62,5.31,5.16,5.06,4.88,5.42,6.15
NJ 1.55 1.59 1.62 1.67 1.83 1.92 1.96 2.01 1.89 1.83 1.82 1.94 2.12 2.21 2.09 1.55,1.59,1.62,1.67,1.83,1.92,1.96,2.01,1.89,1.83,1.82,1.94,2.12,2.21,2.09
NM 4.92 4.60 4.85 5.27 5.45 5.30 4.73 5.33 5.90 5.52 5.41 5.78 5.24 5.03 4.85 4.92,4.60,4.85,5.27,5.45,5.30,4.73,5.33,5.90,5.52,5.41,5.78,5.24,5.03,4.85
NV 1.31 1.30 1.40 1.47 1.53 1.73 1.63 1.56 1.57 1.44 1.45 1.48 1.37 1.24 1.12 1.31,1.30,1.40,1.47,1.53,1.73,1.63,1.56,1.57,1.44,1.45,1.48,1.37,1.24,1.12
NY 2.81 2.84 2.98 3.06 3.36 3.65 3.76 3.76 3.69 3.69 3.69 3.86 4.21 4.37 4.28 2.81,2.84,2.98,3.06,3.36,3.65,3.76,3.76,3.69,3.69,3.69,3.86,4.21,4.37,4.28
OH 2.31 2.29 2.41 2.60 2.80 3.10 3.08 3.45 3.62 3.78 3.92 4.20 4.22 4.31 3.96 2.31,2.29,2.41,2.60,2.80,3.10,3.08,3.45,3.62,3.78,3.92,4.20,4.22,4.31,3.96
OK 2.59 2.81 2.77 2.63 2.86 2.82 2.52 2.42 2.26 2.13 2.17 2.37 2.59 2.32 2.57 2.59,2.81,2.77,2.63,2.86,2.82,2.52,2.42,2.26,2.13,2.17,2.37,2.59,2.32,2.57
OR 3.11 3.14 3.06 3.25 3.23 3.51 3.68 3.74 3.49 3.44 3.40 3.71 3.65 3.71 3.43 3.11,3.14,3.06,3.25,3.23,3.51,3.68,3.74,3.49,3.44,3.40,3.71,3.65,3.71,3.43
PA 3.71 3.66 3.92 4.15 4.51 4.56 4.78 4.91 4.80 4.59 4.78 5.04 5.42 5.51 5.19 3.71,3.66,3.92,4.15,4.51,4.56,4.78,4.91,4.80,4.59,4.78,5.04,5.42,5.51,5.19
PR 1.51 1.47 1.08 0.89 NA 0.99 1.04 1.16 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.51,1.47,1.08,0.89,0.99,1.04,1.16
RI 3.80 3.89 3.86 3.99 4.28 4.60 4.48 4.52 4.95 4.87 5.01 5.19 5.92 6.68 6.59 3.80,3.89,3.86,3.99,4.28,4.60,4.48,4.52,4.95,4.87,5.01,5.19,5.92,6.68,6.59
SC 2.41 2.43 2.55 3.01 3.22 3.34 3.38 3.44 3.51 3.61 3.62 3.87 3.80 3.44 3.20 2.41,2.43,2.55,3.01,3.22,3.34,3.38,3.44,3.51,3.61,3.62,3.87,3.80,3.44,3.20
SD 1.21 1.16 1.15 1.28 1.39 1.73 1.92 2.12 2.25 2.34 2.46 2.76 3.30 3.18 2.91 1.21,1.16,1.15,1.28,1.39,1.73,1.92,2.12,2.25,2.34,2.46,2.76,3.30,3.18,2.91
TN 2.13 2.16 2.28 2.30 2.54 2.99 3.08 3.24 3.14 3.14 3.17 3.38 3.47 3.61 3.50 2.13,2.16,2.28,2.30,2.54,2.99,3.08,3.24,3.14,3.14,3.17,3.38,3.47,3.61,3.50
TX 2.68 2.73 2.79 2.94 3.24 3.35 3.19 3.17 3.10 2.98 3.10 3.49 3.44 3.35 3.16 2.68,2.73,2.79,2.94,3.24,3.35,3.19,3.17,3.10,2.98,3.10,3.49,3.44,3.35,3.16
US 2.95 2.96 2.99 3.20 3.44 3.61 3.66 3.64 3.58 3.54 3.65 3.95 4.04 4.13 3.99 2.95,2.96,2.99,3.20,3.44,3.61,3.66,3.64,3.58,3.54,3.65,3.95,4.04,4.13,3.99
UT 4.07 4.23 4.43 4.67 4.82 4.95 4.94 4.42 4.12 3.82 3.74 4.43 4.67 4.94 4.66 4.07,4.23,4.43,4.67,4.82,4.95,4.94,4.42,4.12,3.82,3.74,4.43,4.67,4.94,4.66
VA 2.20 2.07 2.12 2.18 2.38 2.52 2.58 2.55 2.53 2.49 2.65 2.69 2.68 2.79 2.88 2.20,2.07,2.12,2.18,2.38,2.52,2.58,2.55,2.53,2.49,2.65,2.69,2.68,2.79,2.88
VT 3.66 3.83 3.59 4.09 4.60 5.19 5.29 5.16 5.23 4.78 4.79 5.13 5.13 5.15 4.39 3.66,3.83,3.59,4.09,4.60,5.19,5.29,5.16,5.23,4.78,4.79,5.13,5.13,5.15,4.39
WA 2.72 2.67 2.83 3.07 3.31 3.53 3.48 3.23 3.29 3.02 3.17 3.26 3.81 4.21 3.66 2.72,2.67,2.83,3.07,3.31,3.53,3.48,3.23,3.29,3.02,3.17,3.26,3.81,4.21,3.66
WI 3.34 3.52 3.73 3.97 4.24 4.43 4.58 4.57 4.55 4.51 4.73 5.07 5.02 5.29 5.09 3.34,3.52,3.73,3.97,4.24,4.43,4.58,4.57,4.55,4.51,4.73,5.07,5.02,5.29,5.09
WV 1.64 1.60 1.77 1.84 2.26 2.73 2.77 2.82 2.72 2.94 2.90 2.93 2.84 2.96 2.64 1.64,1.60,1.77,1.84,2.26,2.73,2.77,2.82,2.72,2.94,2.90,2.93,2.84,2.96,2.64
WY 3.30 3.00 2.53 2.22 2.16 2.85 2.58 3.18 2.91 2.36 1.92 2.25 1.48 1.45 1.66 3.30,3.00,2.53,2.22,2.16,2.85,2.58,3.18,2.91,2.36,1.92,2.25,1.48,1.45,1.66
NA = not available
GDP = gross domestic product

NOTES: Academic R&D reported for institutuons with R&D over $150,000. GDP reported in current dollars.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Academic Research and Development Expenditures (various years); Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross Domestic Product data (June 2013).
Excel table Download data (Current dollars only) (53.5 KB) | Print