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  • Dollar Conversion:
  • Current
  • Constant
State 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2006 2008 2010 Trend
AK 330 270 400 326 368 325 358 407 350 330.00,270.00,400.00,326.00,368.00,325.00,358.00,407.00,350.00
AL 566 579 400 549 617 578 566 581 469 566.00,579.00,400.00,549.00,617.00,578.00,566.00,581.00,469.00
AR 440 309 383 332 366 369 375 477 308 440.00,309.00,383.00,332.00,366.00,369.00,375.00,477.00,308.00
AZ 780 779 736 680 651 633 614 629 601 780.00,779.00,736.00,680.00,651.00,633.00,614.00,629.00,601.00
CA 779 722 680 679 695 658 709 712 622 779.00,722.00,680.00,679.00,695.00,658.00,709.00,712.00,622.00
CO 621 629 547 520 528 513 508 571 477 621.00,629.00,547.00,520.00,528.00,513.00,508.00,571.00,477.00
CT 721 722 690 607 627 654 655 627 560 721.00,722.00,690.00,607.00,627.00,654.00,655.00,627.00,560.00
DC 523 573 570 445 419 442 468 553 454 523.00,573.00,570.00,445.00,419.00,442.00,468.00,553.00,454.00
DE 842 690 680 739 669 830 755 813 636 842.00,690.00,680.00,739.00,669.00,830.00,755.00,813.00,636.00
FL 640 646 612 535 518 555 559 611 481 640.00,646.00,612.00,535.00,518.00,555.00,559.00,611.00,481.00
GA 628 571 559 531 535 520 522 551 486 628.00,571.00,559.00,531.00,535.00,520.00,522.00,551.00,486.00
HI 383 409 443 329 343 318 356 387 372 383.00,409.00,443.00,329.00,343.00,318.00,356.00,387.00,372.00
IA 699 675 681 629 646 651 600 568 508 699.00,675.00,681.00,629.00,646.00,651.00,600.00,568.00,508.00
ID 308 308 359 336 333 277 254 277 268 308.00,308.00,359.00,336.00,333.00,277.00,254.00,277.00,268.00
IL 665 620 634 648 622 663 627 690 581 665.00,620.00,634.00,648.00,622.00,663.00,627.00,690.00,581.00
IN 631 616 622 563 516 530 540 628 510 631.00,616.00,622.00,563.00,516.00,530.00,540.00,628.00,510.00
KS 562 504 515 612 543 537 451 479 496 562.00,504.00,515.00,612.00,543.00,537.00,451.00,479.00,496.00
KY 482 474 440 429 403 435 419 472 404 482.00,474.00,440.00,429.00,403.00,435.00,419.00,472.00,404.00
LA 502 612 532 569 525 517 524 604 590 502.00,612.00,532.00,569.00,525.00,517.00,524.00,604.00,590.00
MA 747 764 769 686 711 666 704 828 705 747.00,764.00,769.00,686.00,711.00,666.00,704.00,828.00,705.00
MD 846 811 722 790 825 728 716 699 623 846.00,811.00,722.00,790.00,825.00,728.00,716.00,699.00,623.00
ME 186 187 183 192 201 223 251 238 255 186.00,187.00,183.00,192.00,201.00,223.00,251.00,238.00,255.00
MI 652 604 592 606 556 570 573 660 544 652.00,604.00,592.00,606.00,556.00,570.00,573.00,660.00,544.00
MN 591 614 535 440 432 424 430 497 414 591.00,614.00,535.00,440.00,432.00,424.00,430.00,497.00,414.00
MO 628 630 532 559 556 558 565 604 508 628.00,630.00,532.00,559.00,556.00,558.00,565.00,604.00,508.00
MS 245 328 307 307 335 355 408 442 424 245.00,328.00,307.00,307.00,335.00,355.00,408.00,442.00,424.00
MT 273 254 256 278 396 330 343 330 268 273.00,254.00,256.00,278.00,396.00,330.00,343.00,330.00,268.00
NC 628 719 627 612 573 578 565 611 552 628.00,719.00,627.00,612.00,573.00,578.00,565.00,611.00,552.00
ND 340 289 291 325 376 450 371 457 335 340.00,289.00,291.00,325.00,376.00,450.00,371.00,457.00,335.00
NE 566 547 427 546 512 551 598 619 465 566.00,547.00,427.00,546.00,512.00,551.00,598.00,619.00,465.00
NH 554 565 526 549 485 523 596 454 399 554.00,565.00,526.00,549.00,485.00,523.00,596.00,454.00,399.00
NJ 612 618 602 609 536 553 534 555 473 612.00,618.00,602.00,609.00,536.00,553.00,534.00,555.00,473.00
NM 221 232 340 300 269 283 400 380 327 221.00,232.00,340.00,300.00,269.00,283.00,400.00,380.00,327.00
NV 431 449 352 363 318 382 326 408 351 431.00,449.00,352.00,363.00,318.00,382.00,326.00,408.00,351.00
NY 646 654 603 570 580 575 572 605 509 646.00,654.00,603.00,570.00,580.00,575.00,572.00,605.00,509.00
OH 572 547 510 491 496 494 529 581 492 572.00,547.00,510.00,491.00,496.00,494.00,529.00,581.00,492.00
OK 330 373 316 336 308 333 348 360 309 330.00,373.00,316.00,336.00,308.00,333.00,348.00,360.00,309.00
OR 580 682 597 514 483 458 524 598 471 580.00,682.00,597.00,514.00,483.00,458.00,524.00,598.00,471.00
PA 656 642 657 609 597 540 554 641 545 656.00,642.00,657.00,609.00,597.00,540.00,554.00,641.00,545.00
PR 231 241 278 208 185 163 195 204 181 231.00,241.00,278.00,208.00,185.00,163.00,195.00,204.00,181.00
RI 597 553 487 473 494 415 447 600 607 597.00,553.00,487.00,473.00,494.00,415.00,447.00,600.00,607.00
SC 414 449 373 411 448 510 415 453 419 414.00,449.00,373.00,411.00,448.00,510.00,415.00,453.00,419.00
SD 193 173 194 181 207 275 220 289 280 193.00,173.00,194.00,181.00,207.00,275.00,220.00,289.00,280.00
TN 479 482 462 499 463 453 468 523 426 479.00,482.00,462.00,499.00,463.00,453.00,468.00,523.00,426.00
TX 704 677 628 639 640 637 595 611 510 704.00,677.00,628.00,639.00,640.00,637.00,595.00,611.00,510.00
US 624 616 581 567 561 556 559 600 514 624.00,616.00,581.00,567.00,561.00,556.00,559.00,600.00,514.00
UT 622 541 497 522 503 570 495 525 483 622.00,541.00,497.00,522.00,503.00,570.00,495.00,525.00,483.00
VA 526 511 523 438 446 427 416 433 397 526.00,511.00,523.00,438.00,446.00,427.00,416.00,433.00,397.00
VT 422 424 335 377 400 383 451 528 456 422.00,424.00,335.00,377.00,400.00,383.00,451.00,528.00,456.00
WA 634 639 594 554 519 517 483 508 447 634.00,639.00,594.00,554.00,519.00,517.00,483.00,508.00,447.00
WI 639 655 571 573 578 626 575 584 464 639.00,655.00,571.00,573.00,578.00,626.00,575.00,584.00,464.00
WV 377 338 333 328 341 313 329 348 327 377.00,338.00,333.00,328.00,341.00,313.00,329.00,348.00,327.00
WY 414 372 315 362 307 408 474 510 460 414.00,372.00,315.00,362.00,307.00,408.00,474.00,510.00,460.00
NOTES: The national totals for S&E doctorate holders in academia in the United States are provided by the National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics.

SOURCES: The Patent Board™, special tabulations (2013) from Thomson Reuters, Science Citation Index and Social Sciences Citation Index http://thomsonreuters.com/products_services/science/;┬áNational Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Academic R&D Expenditure, Survey of Doctorate Recipients (various years).
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