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Research and Development: Expenditures

Academic R&D Expenditures (inactive)
NOTE: The Survey of Research and Development Expenditures at Universities and Colleges collected data for 1972–2009. For current data see the
Higher Education Research and Development (HERD) series.

Business and Industry R&D
This series reviews trends in research and development activities of the U.S. business sector. These data are collected in the Business Enterprise Research and Development Survey (BERD) for 2019 and subsequent years for

Federal Funds for R&D
Current and historical trends in federal obligations and funding for science and engineering R&D.

Higher Education Research and Development (HERD)
This series provides current and historical trends on the amounts and types of research and development activities at U.S. colleges and universities. For prior-year data see the Academic R&D Expenditures (inactive) series.

National Patterns of R&D Resources
Trend data on U.S. R&D expenditures by source of funds, sector of performance, and S&E employed in R&D.

R&D Expenditures at Federally Funded R&D Centers
Current and historical trends in research and development expenditures at federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs).

State Government Research and Development
Data on R&D activity performed and funded by each of the nation's 50 states and the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.


United States Exceeds $700 Billion in Gross Domestic Expenditures on R&D in 2020 
U.S. Nonprofits Spent $28 Billion on R&D Activities in FY 2020 (brief)
Nonprofit Research Activities: FY 2020 (tables)
Science and Technology: Public Perceptions, Awareness, and Information Sources (report)
Research and Development: U.S. Trends and International Comparisons (report)
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