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ReferenceState IndicatorFull Indicator (PDF)Data (Excel)Standard Error Tables
(Excel)
S-1Fourth Grade Mathematics Performance
S-2Fourth Grade Mathematics Proficiency
S-3Fourth Grade Science Performance
S-4Fourth Grade Science Proficiency
S-5Eighth Grade Mathematics Performance
S-6Eighth Grade Mathematics Proficiency
S-7Eighth Grade Science Performance
S-8Eighth Grade Science Proficiency
S-9Public School Teacher Salaries
NA
S-10Elementary and Secondary Public School Expenditures as a Percentage of Gross Domestic Product
NA
S-11Expenditures per Pupil for Elementary and Secondary Public Schools
na
S-12Public High School Students Taking Advanced Placement Exams
na
S-13Public High School Students Scoring 3 or Higher on at Least One Advanced Placement Exam
na
S-14Public High School Students Scoring 3 or Higher on the Advanced Placement Calculus AB Exam
na
S-15Individuals with High School or Higher Level Degree among 25–44-Year-Old Population
S-16Associate's Degrees in Science and Engineering Conferred per 1,000 Individuals 18–24 Years Old
NA
S-17Associate's Degrees in Technology Conferred per 1,000 Individuals 18–24 Years Old
NA
S-18Bachelor's Degrees Conferred per 1,000 Individuals 18–24 Years Old
NA
S-19Bachelor's Degrees in Science and Engineering Conferred per 1,000 Individuals 18–24 Years Old
NA
S-20Science and Engineering Degrees as a Percentage of Higher Education Degrees Conferred
na
S-21Science, Engineering, and Health Graduate Students per 1,000 Individuals 25–34 Years Old
NA
S-22Advanced Science and Engineering Degrees as a Percentage of S&E Degrees Conferred
na
S-23Science and Engineering Doctoral Degrees as a Percentage of Science and Engineering Degrees Conferred
na
S-24Average Undergraduate Charge at Public 4-Year Institutions
NA
S-25Average Undergraduate Charge at Public 4-Year Institutions as a Percentage of Disposable Personal Income
NA
S-26Appropriations of State Tax Funds for Higher Education as a Percentage of Gross Domestic Product
NA
S-27State Expenditures on Student Aid per Undergraduate Student
na
S-28State Support for Higher Education per Full-Time Equivalent Student
na
S-29Postsecondary Degree Holders among Individuals 25–44 Years Old
S-30Bachelor's Degree Holders among Individuals 25–44 Years Old
S-31Bachelor's Degree Holders in the Labor Force
S-32Individuals in Science and Engineering Occupations as a Percentage of All Occupations
S-33Employed Science, Engineering, and Health Doctorate Holders as a Percentage of the Workforce
S-34Life Scientists as a Percentage of All Occupations
S-35Computer and Mathematical Scientists as a Percentage of All Occupations
S-36Physical Scientists as a Percentage of All Occupations
S-37Social Scientists as a Percentage of All Occupations
S-38Engineers as a Percentage of All Occupations
S-39Technical Workers as a Percentage of All Occupations
S-40Foreign-Born Workers as a Percentage of Individuals in Science and Engineering Occupations
S-41R&D as a Percentage of Gross Domestic Product
NA
S-42Federal R&D Obligations per Employed Worker
NA
S-43Federal R&D Obligations per Individual in Science and Engineering Occupation
S-44State Agency R&D Expenditures per $1 Million of Gross Domestic Product
NA
S-45Business-Performed R&D as a Percentage of Private-Industry Output
S-46Academic R&D per $1,000 of Gross Domestic Product
NA
S-47Science, Engineering, and Health Doctorates Conferred per 1,000 Employed Science, Engineering, and Health Doctorate Holders
S-48Academic Science and Engineering Article Output per 1,000 Science, Engineering, and Health Doctorate Holders in Academia
S-49Academic Science and Engineering Article Output per $1 Million of Academic S&E R&D
na
S-50Academic Patents Awarded per 1,000 Science, Engineering, and Health Doctorate Holders in Academia
S-51Patents Awarded per 1,000 Individuals in Science and Engineering Occupations
S-52High Science, Engineering, and Technology Employment Establishments as a Percentage of All Business Establishments
na
S-53Net Formations of High Science, Engineering, and Technology Employment Establishments as a Percentage of All Business Establishments
na
S-54Employment in High Science, Engineering, and Technology Employment Establishments as a Percentage of Total Employment
na
S-55Average Annual Federal Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Funding per $1 Million of Gross Domestic Product
NA
S-56Average Annual Federal Small Business Innovation Research Funding per $1 Million of Gross Domestic Product
NA
S-57Average Annual Federal Small Business Technology Transfer Funding per $1 Million of Gross Domestic Product
NA
S-58Venture Capital Disbursed per $1 Million of Gross Domestic Product
NA
S-59Venture Capital Deals as a Percentage of High Science, Engineering, and Technology Employment Establishments
na
S-60Venture Capital Disbursed Per Venture Capital Deal
na
Note(s)
NA = not available
na = not applicable

Data Sources

IndicatorTitleProviderProductSource
S-1Fourth Grade Mathematics PerformanceNational Center for Education StatisticsNational Assessment of Educational ProgressFourth Grade Mathematics Performance
S-2Fourth Grade Mathematics ProficiencyNational Center for Education StatisticsNational Assessment of Educational ProgressFourth Grade Mathematics Proficiency
S-3Fourth Grade Science PerformanceNational Center for Education StatisticsNational Assessment of Educational ProgressFourth Grade Science Performance
S-4Fourth Grade Science ProficiencyNational Center for Education StatisticsNational Assessment of Educational ProgressFourth Grade Science Proficiency
S-5Eighth Grade Mathematics PerformanceNational Center for Education StatisticsNational Assessment of Educational ProgressEighth Grade Mathematics Performance
S-6Eighth Grade Mathematics ProficiencyNational Center for Education StatisticsNational Assessment of Educational ProgressEighth Grade Mathematics Proficiency
S-7Eighth Grade Science PerformanceNational Center for Education StatisticsNational Assessment of Educational ProgressEighth Grade Science Performance
S-8Eighth Grade Science ProficiencyNational Center for Education StatisticsNational Assessment of Educational ProgressEighth Grade Science Proficiency
S-9Public School Teacher SalariesNational Education AssociationNEA Rankings and Estimates databasePublic School Teacher Salaries
S-10Elementary and Secondary Public School Expenditures as a Percentage of Gross Domestic ProductNational Center for Education StatisticsCommon Core of Data (CCD), National Public Education Financial SurveyExpenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education
Bureau of Economic AnalysisRegional Economic AccountsGross Domestic Product (U.S. States)
Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the GovernorIncome and Product DataGross Domestic Product (Puerto Rico)
S-11Expenditures per Pupil for Elementary and Secondary Public SchoolsNational Center for Education StatisticsCommon Core of Data (CCD), National Public Education Financial SurveyExpenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education
Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary EducationStudent Enrollment in Elementary and Secondary Public Schools
S-12Public High School Students Taking Advanced Placement ExamsCollege BoardAP Report to the NationPublic High School Students Taking Advanced Placement Exams
National Center for Education StatisticsDigest of Education StatisticsHigh School Graduates
S-13Public High School Students Scoring 3 or Higher on at Least One Advanced Placement ExamCollege BoardAP Report to the NationPercentage of Public High School Students Scoring 3 or Higher on at Least One Advanced Placement Exam
National Center for Education StatisticsDigest of Education StatisticsHigh School Graduates
S-14Public High School Students Scoring 3 or Higher on the Advanced Placement Calculus AB ExamCollege BoardAP DataPublic High School Students Scoring 3 or Higher on Advanced Placement Calculus AB Exam
National Center for Education StatisticsDigest of Education StatisticsHigh School Graduates
S-15Individuals with High School or Higher Level Degree among 25–44-Year-Old PopulationU.S. Census BureauAmerican Community SurveyHigh School Graduates 25-44 Years Old
Populations Estimates ProgramPopulation 25-44 Years Old
S-16Associate's Degrees in Science and Engineering Conferred per 1,000 Individuals 18–24 Years OldNational Center for Education StatisticsIntegrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions SurveyAssociate’s Degrees in Science and Engineering Conferred
U.S. Census BureauPopulations Estimates ProgramPopulation 18-24 Years Old
S-17Associate's Degrees in Technology Conferred per 1,000 Individuals 18–24 Years OldNational Center for Education StatisticsIntegrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions SurveyAssociate’s Degrees in Technology Conferred
U.S. Census BureauPopulations Estimates ProgramPopulation 18-24 Years Old
S-18Bachelor's Degrees Conferred per 1,000 Individuals 18–24 Years OldNational Center for Education StatisticsIntegrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions SurveyBachelor's Degrees Conferred
U.S. Census BureauPopulations Estimates ProgramPopulation 18-24 Years Old
S-19Bachelor's Degrees in Science and Engineering Conferred per 1,000 Individuals 18–24 Years OldNational Center for Education StatisticsIntegrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions SurveyBachelor's Degrees in Science and Engineering Conferred
U.S. Census BureauPopulations Estimates ProgramPopulation 18-24 Years Old
S-20Science and Engineering Degrees as a Percentage of Higher Education Degrees ConferredNational Center for Education StatisticsIntegrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions SurveyAll Science and Engineering Degrees Conferred
All Higher Education Degrees Conferred
S-21Science, Engineering, and Health Graduate Students per 1,000 Individuals 25–34 Years OldNational Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering StatisticsSurvey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and EngineeringScience, Engineering, and Health Graduate Students
U.S. Census BureauPopulations Estimates ProgramPopulation 25-34 Years Old
S-22Advanced Science and Engineering Degrees as a Percentage of S&E Degrees ConferredNational Center for Education StatisticsIntegrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions SurveyAdvanced Science and Engineering Degrees Conferred
All Science and Engineering Degrees Conferred
S-23Science and Engineering Doctoral Degrees as a Percentage of Science and Engineering Degrees ConferredNational Center for Education StatisticsIntegrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions SurveyScience and Engineering Doctoral Degrees Conferred
All Science and Engineering Degrees Conferred
S-24Average Undergraduate Charge at Public 4-Year InstitutionsNational Center for Education StatisticsDigest of Education StatisticsAverage Undergraduate Charge at Public 4-Year Institutions
S-25Average Undergraduate Charge at Public 4-Year Institutions as a Percentage of Disposable Personal IncomeNational Center for Education StatisticsDigest of Education StatisticsAverage Undergraduate Charge at Public 4-Year Institutions
Bureau of Economic AnalysisRegional Economic AccountsPer Capita Disposable Personal Income
S-26Appropriations of State Tax Funds for Higher Education as a Percentage of Gross Domestic ProductState Higher Education Executive Officers AssociationState Higher Education FinanceAppropriations of State Tax Funds for Higher Education
Bureau of Economic AnalysisRegional Economic AccountsGross Domestic Product (U.S. States)
Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the GovernorIncome and Product DataGross Domestic Product (Puerto Rico)
S-27State Expenditures on Student Aid per Undergraduate StudentNational Association of State Student Grant & Aid Programs (NASSGAP)Annual Survey ReportState Expenditures on Student Aid
National Center for Education StatisticsDigest of Education StatisticsUndergraduate Enrollment at 4-Year Institutions
S-28State Support for Higher Education per Full-Time Equivalent StudentState Higher Education Executive Officers AssociationState Higher Education FinanceState Support for Public Higher Education
Public Higher Education Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) Enrollment
S-29Postsecondary Degree Holders among Individuals 25–44 Years OldU.S. Census BureauAmerican Community SurveyPostsecondary Degree Holders 25-44 Years Old
Populations Estimates ProgramPopulation 25-44 Years Old
S-30Bachelor's Degree Holders among Individuals 25–44 Years OldU.S. Census BureauAmerican Community SurveyBachelor's Degree Holders 25-44 Years Old
Populations Estimates ProgramPopulation 25-44 Years Old
S-31Bachelor's Degree Holders in the Labor ForceU.S. Census BureauAmerican Community SurveyLabor Force Participants with Bachelor's Degrees
Labor Force Participants
S-32Individuals in Science and Engineering Occupations as a Percentage of All OccupationsBureau of Labor StatisticsOccupational Employment Statistics SurveyScience and Engineering Occupations
All Occupations
S-33Employed Science, Engineering, and Health Doctorate Holders as a Percentage of the WorkforceNational Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering StatisticsSurvey of Doctorate RecipientsEmployed Science, Engineering, and Health Doctorate Holders
Bureau of Labor StatisticsLocal Area Unemployment StatisticsEmployed Workforce
S-34Life Scientists as a Percentage of All OccupationsBureau of Labor StatisticsOccupational Employment Statistics SurveyLife Scientists
All Occupations
S-35Computer and Mathematical Scientists as a Percentage of All OccupationsBureau of Labor StatisticsOccupational Employment Statistics SurveyComputer and Mathematical Scientists
All Occupations
S-36Physical Scientists as a Percentage of All OccupationsBureau of Labor StatisticsOccupational Employment Statistics SurveyPhysical Scientists
All Occupations
S-37Social Scientists as a Percentage of All OccupationsBureau of Labor StatisticsOccupational Employment Statistics SurveySocial Scientists
All Occupations
S-38Engineers as a Percentage of All OccupationsBureau of Labor StatisticsOccupational Employment Statistics SurveyEngineers
All Occupations
S-39Technical Workers as a Percentage of All OccupationsBureau of Labor StatisticsOccupational Employment Statistics SurveyTechnical Workers
All Occupations
S-40Foreign-Born Workers as a Percentage of Individuals in Science and Engineering OccupationsU.S. Census BureauAmerican Community SurveyForeign-Born Workers in S&E Occupations
All Workers in S&E Occupations
S-41R&D as a Percentage of Gross Domestic ProductNational Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering StatisticsNational Patterns of R&D ResourcesResearch and Development Performed
Bureau of Economic AnalysisRegional Economic AccountsGross Domestic Product (U.S. States)
Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the GovernorIncome and Product DataGross Domestic Product (Puerto Rico)
S-42Federal R&D Obligations per Employed WorkerNational Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering StatisticsSurvey of Federal Funds for Research and DevelopmentFederal R&D Obligations
Bureau of Labor StatisticsLocal Area Unemployment StatisticsEmployed Workforce
S-43Federal R&D Obligations per Individual in Science and Engineering OccupationNational Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering StatisticsSurvey of Federal Funds for Research and DevelopmentFederal R&D Obligations
Bureau of Labor StatisticsOccupational Employment Statistics SurveyScience and Engineering Occupations
S-44State Agency R&D Expenditures per $1 Million of Gross Domestic ProductNational Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering StatisticsSurvey of State Government Research and DevelopmentState Agency Research and Development Expenditures
Bureau of Economic AnalysisRegional Economic AccountsGross Domestic Product (U.S. States)
Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the GovernorIncome and Product DataGross Domestic Product (Puerto Rico)
S-45Business-Performed R&D as a Percentage of Private-Industry OutputNational Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering StatisticsBusiness Research and Development and Innovation SurveyBusiness-Performed Research and Development
Bureau of Economic AnalysisRegional Economic AccountsPrivate-Industry Output
S-46Academic R&D per $1,000 of Gross Domestic ProductNational Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering StatisticsHigher Education Research and Development SurveyAcademic Research and Development
Bureau of Economic AnalysisRegional Economic AccountsGross Domestic Product (U.S. States)
Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the GovernorIncome and Product DataGross Domestic Product (Puerto Rico)
S-47Science, Engineering, and Health Doctorates Conferred per 1,000 Employed Science, Engineering, and Health Doctorate HoldersNational Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering StatisticsSurvey of Earned DoctoratesScience, Engineering, and Health Doctorates Conferred
National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering StatisticsSurvey of Doctorate RecipientsEmployed Science, Engineering, and Health Doctorate Holders
S-48Academic Science and Engineering Article Output per 1,000 Science, Engineering, and Health Doctorate Holders in AcademiaElsevierScopusAcademic Science and Engineering Article Output
National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering StatisticsSurvey of Doctorate RecipientsScience, Engineering, and Health Doctorate Holders in Academia
S-49Academic Science and Engineering Article Output per $1 Million of Academic S&E R&DElsevierScopusAcademic Science and Engineering Article Output
National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering StatisticsHigher Education Research and Development SurveyAcademic Science and Engineering Research and Development
S-50Academic Patents Awarded per 1,000 Science, Engineering, and Health Doctorate Holders in AcademiaU.S. Patent and Trademark OfficePatentsViewAcademic Patents Awarded
National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering StatisticsSurvey of Doctorate RecipientsScience, Engineering, and Health Doctorate Holders in Academia
S-51Patents Awarded per 1,000 Individuals in Science and Engineering OccupationsU.S. Patent and Trademark OfficePatentsViewPatents Awarded
Bureau of Labor StatisticsOccupational Employment Statistics SurveyScience and Engineering Occupations
S-52High Science, Engineering, and Technology Employment Establishments as a Percentage of All Business EstablishmentsU.S. Census BureauBusiness Information Tracking SeriesBusiness Establishments in High-Technology Industries
All Business Establishments
S-53Net Formations of High Science, Engineering, and Technology Employment Establishments as a Percentage of All Business EstablishmentsU.S. Census BureauBusiness Information Tracking SeriesNet High-Technology Establishment Formations
All Business Establishments
S-54Employment in High Science, Engineering, and Technology Employment Establishments as a Percentage of Total EmploymentU.S. Census BureauBusiness Information Tracking SeriesEmployment in Establishments in High-Technology Industries
Total Employment
S-55Average Annual Federal Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Funding per $1 Million of Gross Domestic ProductSmall Business AdministrationSmall Business Innovation Research program statisticsAverage Annual Federal Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Funding
Bureau of Economic AnalysisRegional Economic AccountsAverage Gross Domestic Product (U.S. States)
Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the GovernorIncome and Product DataAverage Gross Domestic Product (Puerto Rico)
S-56Average Annual Federal Small Business Innovation Research Funding per $1 Million of Gross Domestic ProductSmall Business AdministrationSmall Business Innovation Research program statisticsAverage Annual Federal Small Business Innovation Research Funding
Bureau of Economic AnalysisRegional Economic AccountsAverage Gross Domestic Product (U.S. States)
Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the GovernorIncome and Product DataAverage Gross Domestic Product (Puerto Rico)
S-57Average Annual Federal Small Business Technology Transfer Funding per $1 Million of Gross Domestic ProductSmall Business AdministrationSmall Business Innovation Research program statisticsAverage Annual Federal Small Business Technology Transfer Funding
Bureau of Economic AnalysisRegional Economic AccountsAverage Gross Domestic Product (U.S. States)
Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the GovernorIncome and Product DataAverage Gross Domestic Product (Puerto Rico)
S-58Venture Capital Disbursed per $1 Million of Gross Domestic ProductPitchBookVenture capital and private equity databaseVenture Capital Disbursed
Bureau of Economic AnalysisRegional Economic AccountsGross Domestic Product (U.S. States)
Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the GovernorIncome and Product DataGross Domestic Product (Puerto Rico)
S-59Venture Capital Deals as a Percentage of High Science, Engineering, and Technology Employment EstablishmentsPitchBookVenture capital and private equity databaseVenture Capital Deals
U.S. Census BureauBusiness Information Tracking SeriesBusiness Establishments in High-Technology Industries
S-60Venture Capital Disbursed Per Venture Capital DealPitchBookVenture capital and private equity databaseVenture Capital Disbursed
Venture Capital Deals

Tables

Download appendix tables from Technical Notes in Excel format
NumberTitleData (Excel)
S-ACalendar-year price deflators State Data Tool, 1990–2017
S-BNAICS codes that constitute high-SET employment industries