Employed Science, Engineering, and Health Doctorate Holders as a Percentage of the Workforce (Percent)
This indicator measures the concentration of science, engineering, and health (SEH) doctorate holders among a state’s workforce and represents a state’s ability to attract and retain highly trained scientists and engineers. These individuals often conduct R&D, manage R&D activities, or are otherwise engaged in knowledge-intensive activities. A high value for this indicator in a state suggests employment opportunities for individuals with highly advanced training in SEH fields. States in the top quartile for this indicator tend to contain major research laboratories, research universities, or research-intensive industries.
Data on employed SEH doctorate holders are collected by the Survey of Doctorate Recipients. Data include those with research doctoral degrees in computer and mathematical sciences; the biological, agricultural, or environmental life sciences; physical sciences; social sciences; psychology; engineering; and health fields. Doctorate holders with degrees from both public and private institutions are included. SEH doctorate data exclude individuals with clinical (i.e., non-research) doctorates, those trained by foreign institutions, and those older than 75. SEH doctorate holders are assigned to a state based on where they work.
Whereas employment data for SEH doctorates come from the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation, the data on total employed workforce are developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, which assigns workers to a state based on where they live. Workforce data represent annual estimates of the employed civilian labor force. The workforce data also include those older than 75. Because these values are estimates, small differences in the values of the indicator between states or across time are generally not meaningful.
Data sources: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Doctorate Recipients; U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics.