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Appropriations of State Tax Funds for Higher Education as a Percentage of Gross Domestic Product (Percent)

State Indicator S-26

This indicator represents the extent of state spending for higher education as a proportion of its gross domestic product (GDP).

Appropriations data are drawn from the annual State Higher Education Finance report produced by the association of State Higher Education Executive Officers (SHEEO). SHEEO collects data on all state and local revenues used to support higher education, including revenue from taxes, lottery receipts, royalty revenue, and state-funded endowments.

Because of decreases in state tax collections in FY 2009–11 during the Great Recession, state monies allocated to higher education decreased in many states. This decrease was offset to a degree by federal stimulus funds that were used to restore the level of state support for public higher education. Nationally, state financial support of higher education operating expenses relative to GDP has experienced a downward trend since the early 2000s. The state monies used to calculate this indicator do not include federal stimulus funds for education stabilization or federal, state, or local government funds for the modernization, renovation, or repair of higher education facilities.

Data sources: State Higher Education Executive Officers Association; U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross Domestic Product data; Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the Governor, Gross Domestic Product data.

  • 1st Quartile

    0.58%0.91%
  • 2nd Quartile

    0.44%0.56%
  • 3rd Quartile

    0.35%0.44%
  • 4th Quartile

    0.06%0.34%
  • No data

Footnote

NA = not available.

NOTES: The national value for higher education appropriations for the United States includes Puerto Rico. The national GDP total for the United States includes Puerto Rico for all years in which data are available.

SOURCE: State Higher Education Executive Officers Association, data as of April 2018; U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross Domestic Product data (various years), data as of May 2018; Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the Governor, Gross Domestic Product data (various years), data as of May 2017.

Recommended Citation: National Science Board. 2018. “Appropriations of State Tax Funds for Higher Education as a Percentage of Gross Domestic Product.” Science and Engineering Indicators 2018, State Indicators. Alexandria, VA: National Science Foundation (NSB-2018-1). https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/state-indicators/indicator/state-tax-appropriations-for-higher-ed-operations-to-state-gdp

Last updated: September 27, 2018