Scientists are working to reduce the nation's reliance on fossil fuels by developing environmentally friendly and cost effective plastics from natural, sustainable and renewable materials, such as vegetable oils, starches, sugars, and terpenes--essential organic oils produced by plants, flowers and conifers--even one day recycled grass clippings. Researchers especially are focused on creating polymers that manufacturers can produce efficiently from renewable starting materials that are nontoxic and can be composted. Find out more in this discovery.
Credit: Marc Hillmyer, William Tolman, Jihoon Shin and Carolyn Wanamaker, University of Minnesota
The mission of the Division of Chemistry in NSF's Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences is to promote the health of academic chemistry and to enable basic research and education in the chemical sciences. The division supports research in all traditional areas of chemistry and in multidisciplinary fields that draw upon the chemical sciences.
Gabor A. Somorjai, a 2001 National Medal of Science awardee, discusses his contributions to the world of molecular studies and the development of new techniques that served as foundations of new surface technologies.
From waste prevention to energy-efficient design to safer manufacturing processes and substitutes for rare natural resources, sustainability considerations are key to meeting projected global needs and encouraging a safer tomorrow.
October 20, 2014
Sustainable chemistry center works to transform electronics manufacturing
Center for Sustainable Materials Chemistry focuses on making computer chip manufacturing cleaner, faster and cheaper
The changes brewing in this lab could make that smartphone you carry smarter, lighter and more sustainable. It's one of many devices getting an electronic makeover at the Center for Sustainable Materials Chemistry (CSMC).
With support from the National Science Foundation (NSF), center Director Doug Keszler and his team in the College of Science at Oregon State University are developing the next generation of electronic circuits, starting with the basic computer chip. In the manufacturing process, they want to replace bulky carbon compounds with metal oxides in order to put more transistors onto a chip. The new process would be cleaner, faster and cheaper.
The CSMC is one of the NSF-funded Centers for Chemical Innovation (CCI), which are focused on major, long-term fundamental chemical research challenges. CCIs are producing transformative research that is leading to innovation and attracting broad scientific and public interest.
The CSMC's specific focus is to conduct curiosity-driven and use-inspired research to enhance the sustainable chemistry toolbox with new methods and new techniques that will advance the scientific enterprise and transform the next generation of products, while preparing students to become the next generation of green chemists. Collaborative research in materials chemistry is conducted across six academic institutions--Oregon State University (headquarters), University of Oregon, Washington University at St. Louis, Rutgers University, University of California, Davis, and University of California, Berkeley.
The research in this episode was supported by NSF award #1102637, Center for Sustainable Materials Chemistry.
Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations presented in this material are only those of the presenter grantee/researcher, author, or agency employee; and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.