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National Science Foundation

A Special Report


Seafloor Science


In the depths of the ocean, a mile or more below the surface, a fascinating mix of organisms thrives. In areas of volcanic activity, where superheated and chemically rich water emerges from the seafloor, life takes exotic and even unexpected forms.
Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations presented in this material are only those of the presenter grantee/researcher, author, or agency employee; and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.