The conduct of the Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED), the maintenance of the SED, and resulting publications are supported by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) within the National Science Foundation (NSF) and by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Department of Education (ED), National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH), Department of Agriculture (USDA), and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). These federal agencies gratefully acknowledge the support and assistance of graduate deans and their staff, registrars, dissertation officers, and other administrators who participate in the SED effort and contribute to its success. Appreciation is also extended to the new research doctorate recipients who completed the 2016 survey.

Mark Fiegener and Karen Hamrick (NCSES) oversaw the preparation of this report. Emilda Rivers, John Gawalt, John Finamore, and Lynn Milan at NCSES reviewed and commented upon multiple drafts of the report and data tables. Staff at NORC at the University of Chicago who played a valuable role in the 2016 SED are Ipek Bilgen, Marietta Bowman, Matthew Deihl, Mireya Dominguez, Zachary Gebhardt, Brianna Groenhout, Isabel Guzman-Barron, Sarah Hernandez, Tom Hoffer, Cameron Koch, Mary Ann Latter, Stephen Schacht, Scott Sederstrom, Ed Sipulski, Kristy Webber, and Christopher Wong.

The report was edited and produced by Christine Hamel and Tanya Gore, with guidance from Catherine Corlies (NCSES). Drew Mitchell and staff at OmniStudio, Inc., designed the cover and layout. Development of the Web version was guided by Rajinder Raut (NCSES), with technical assistance from staff of Penobscot Bay Media.

Suggested citation

National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics. 2018. Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities: 2016. Special Report NSF 18-304. Alexandria, VA. Available at