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Press Release 08-041
Tiny Torrents

Silent, microchip-sized "fan" has no moving parts, yet produces enough wind to cool a laptop

Photo of the new micro-fan which is only slightly larger than a dime.

Researchers have developed a new micro-fan only slightly larger than a dime.
Credit and Larger Version

March 17, 2008

Broadcasters: B-roll of the fan and video interviews with Dr. Schlitz are available from Dena Headlee at dheadlee@nsf.gov.

Engineers harnessing the same physical property that drives silent household air purifiers have created a miniaturized device that is now ready for testing as a silent, ultra-thin, low-power and low maintenance cooling system for laptop computers and other electronic devices.

The compact, solid-state fan, developed with support from NSF's Small Business Innovation Research program, is the most powerful and energy efficient fan of its size. It produces three times the flow rate of a typical small mechanical fan and is one-fourth the size.

Dan Schlitz and Vishal Singhal of Thorrn Micro Technologies, Inc., of Marietta, Ga. will present their RSD5 solid-state fan at the 24th Annual Semiconductor Thermal Measurement, Modeling and Management Symposium (Semi-Therm) in San Jose, Calif., on March 17, 2008. The device is the culmination of six years of research that began while the researchers were NSF-supported graduate students at Purdue University.

"The RSD5 is one of the most significant advancements in electronics cooling since heat pipes. It could change the cooling paradigm for mobile electronics," said Singhal.

The RSD5 incorporates a series of live wires that generate a micro-scale plasma (an ion-rich gas that has free electrons that conduct electricity). The wires lie within un-charged conducting plates that are contoured into half-cylindrical shape to partially envelop the wires.

Within the intense electric field that results, ions push neutral air molecules from the wire to the plate, generating a wind. The phenomenon is called corona wind.

"The technology is a breakthrough in the design and development of semiconductors as it brings an elegant and cost effective solution to the heating problems that have plagued the industry," said Juan Figueroa, the NSF SBIR program officer who oversaw the research.

With the breakthrough of the contoured surface, the researchers were able to control the micro-scale discharge to produce maximum airflow without risk of sparks or electrical arcing. As a result, the new device yields a breeze as swift as 2.4 meters per second, as compared to airflows of 0.7 to 1.7 meters per second from larger, mechanical fans.

The contoured platform is a part of the device heat sink, a trick that enabled Schlitz and Singhal to both eliminate some of the device's bulk and increase the effectiveness of the airflow.

"The technology has the power to cool a 25-watt chip with a device smaller than 1 cubic-cm and can someday be integrated into silicon to make self-cooling chips," said Schlitz.

This device is also more dust-tolerant than predecessors. While dust attraction is ideal for living-room-scale fans that that provide both air flow and filtration, debris can be a devastating obstacle when the goal is to cool an electrical component.

A prior press release on an earlier iteration of this research is available at: http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=100354

-NSF-

Media Contacts
Joshua A. Chamot, NSF, (703) 292-7730, jchamot@nsf.gov

Program Contacts
Juan E. Figueroa, NSF, (703) 292-7054, jfiguero@nsf.gov

Principal Investigators
Dan Schlitz, Thorrn Micro Technologies, Inc., (770) 565-9692, dan@thorrn.com

Co-Investigators
Vishal Singhal, Thorrn Micro Technologies, Inc., (415) 359-8336, vishal@thorrn.com

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2014, its budget is $7.2 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives about 50,000 competitive requests for funding, and makes about 11,500 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $593 million in professional and service contracts yearly.

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Photo of Dan Schlitz of Thorrn Micro Technologies, one of the developers of the micro-fan.
Dan Schlitz of Thorrn Micro Technologies is one of the developers of a new, solid-state micro-fan.
Credit and Larger Version

Photo of Vishal Singhal of Thorrn Micro Technologies, one of the co-developers of the micro-fan.
Vishal Singhal of Thorrn Micro Technologies is one of the co-developers of a new micro-fan.
Credit and Larger Version

Photo of Dan Schlitz of Thorrn Micro Technologies describing innovative micro-fan technology.
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Dan Schlitz of Thorrn Micro Technologies, Inc., describes innovative micro-fan technology.
Credit and Larger Version



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