State of the Antarctic: SCAR report shows continent undergoing major changes
January 22, 2010
In December the international Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) released Antarctic Climate Change and the Environment, the first comprehensive report on the crrent state of Antarctica's climate and its relationship to global climate. The report, which pulls the latest research from 100 scientists in eight countries, identifies areas for future scientific research and addresses the urgent questions that policy makers have about Antarctic melting, sea-level rise, and biodiversity.
Two NSF/OPP grantees, Paul Mayewski and Robert Bindschadler, participated as editors of the report. The key message from the report, according to Bindschadler, is that "the ice is changing. The ice sheet is changing faster than we ever expected to witness ice sheets changing in our lifetimes, quite honestly."
The U.S. National Science Foundation propels the nation forward by advancing fundamental research in all fields of science and engineering. NSF supports research and people by providing facilities, instruments and funding to support their ingenuity and sustain the U.S. as a global leader in research and innovation. With a fiscal year 2021 budget of $8.5 billion, NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 40,000 competitive proposals and makes about 11,000 new awards. Those awards include support for cooperative research with industry, Arctic and Antarctic research and operations, and U.S. participation in international scientific efforts.