News Release 16-045
Federal research funding up 6 percent in FY2014
Obligations for both basic and applied research rise
April 20, 2016
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Federal funding for research rose by $3.7 billion, or 6 percent, between fiscal years (FY) 2013 and 2014, according to a new InfoBrief from the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES).
A $1.3 billion increase in research obligations by the Department of Health and Human Services drove much of the upswing in funding. Federal FY2014 obligations for research totaled $62.9 billion.
Preliminary data indicates that federal research funding remained relatively flat at $63.4 billion in FY2015, and then increased by $2.7 billion, to $66.2 billion, in FY2016.
Obligations for basic research, which focuses on fundamental scientific exploration, increased 6 percent, to $31.6 billion. Obligations for applied research, which focuses on gaining knowledge or understanding to meet a specific need, also increased by 6 percent, to $31.3 billion.
Changes in research funding at specific agencies from FY2013 to FY2014 included:
- Department of Health and Human Services research funding increased by 4 percent, to $30.6 billion.
- Department of Energy research funding increased by 10 percent, to $8.1 billion.
- Department of Defense research funding increased by 13 percent, to $6.7 billion.
- The National Science Foundation's research funding increased by 9 percent, to $5.4 billion.
- NASA research funding decreased by 2 percent, to $5.3 billion.
Research accounted for 47 percent of all federal funding for research and development (R&D) and R&D plant (facilities and fixed equipment). Development accounted for 51 percent, while R&D plant made up the remainder.
The NCSES report found that from FY2013 to FY2014, federal R&D funding rose by 4 percent, to $130 billion. Preliminary numbers indicate those R&D obligations would fall by 1 percent in FY2015, and then increase by 6 percent in FY2016, to $137.7 billion.
For more information, including the amounts that funding agencies provided for specific areas of science and engineering research, read the full InfoBrief.
Six agencies accounted for most of the federal government's basic research obligations.
Credit and Larger Version
Rob Margetta, NSF, (703) 292-2663, firstname.lastname@example.org
Michael Yamaner, NSF, (703) 292-7815, email@example.com
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2017, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards.
Useful NSF Web Sites:
NSF Home Page: https://www.nsf.gov
NSF News: https://www.nsf.gov/news/
For the News Media: https://www.nsf.gov/news/newsroom.jsp
Science and Engineering Statistics: https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/
Awards Searches: https://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/