Figure 4-1

U.S. R&D, by performing sector and source of funds: 1953–2015


Some data for 2015 are preliminary and may later be revised. Some components of the R&D performed by other nonprofit organizations are projected and may later be revised. Federal performers of R&D include federal agencies and federally funded R&D centers. Performance by nonfederal government includes mainly state and local governments (data in this series are not available before 2006). Other funding includes support from higher education, nonfederal government, and nonprofit organizations.


National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, National Patterns of R&D Resources (annual series).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2018