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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Higher Education

Science and Engineering Degrees as a Percentage of Higher Education Degrees Conferred



Findings

  • In 2011, nearly 734,000 S&E bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees were conferred nationwide, an increase of 41% since 2001.
  • Nationally, the proportion of S&E degrees as a share of total degrees conferred remained almost unchanged at 29% between 2001 and 2011.
  • There are noteworthy differences in the proportions of S&E higher education degrees conferred in different states. In some states, only about 20% of higher education degrees were awarded in S&E fields. In others, nearly 40% of higher education degrees were awarded in S&E fields.
  • The District of Columbia has a high value because of the large number of programs in political science and public administration at several of its academic institutions.


Description

This indicator represents the extent to which a state’s higher education programs are concentrated in S&E fields. S&E fields include the physical, life, earth, ocean, atmospheric, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. Counts of both S&E degrees and higher education degrees conferred include bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees; associate’s degrees are not included.

Degree data reflect the location of the degree-granting institution, not the state where degree-earning students permanently reside. The year indicates the end date of the academic year. For example, data for 2011 represent degrees conferred during the 2010–11 academic year. All degree data are actual counts.


Data Table

Table 8-20
Science and engineering degrees as a percentage of higher education degrees conferred, by state: 2001, 2006, and 2011
 
All S&E degrees All higher education degrees All S&E degrees/
all higher education
degrees (%)
State 2001 2006 2011 2001 2006 2011 2001 2006 2011
 
United States 520,476 625,163 733,609 1,757,551 2,135,374 2,506,134 29.6 29.3 29.3
Alabama 7,489 8,313 9,933 29,471 32,889 39,751 25.4 25.3 25.0
Alaska 604 719 921 1,771 2,176 2,509 34.1 33.0 36.7
Arizona 6,800 10,072 18,154 32,089 58,452 88,964 21.2 17.2 20.4
Arkansas 2,844 3,235 4,121 12,039 14,662 18,344 23.6 22.1 22.5
California 63,360 80,172 91,643 175,179 213,725 244,200 36.2 37.5 37.5
Colorado 11,606 14,320 15,209 31,418 41,242 45,772 36.9 34.7 33.2
Connecticut 6,929 8,341 9,790 22,459 27,331 29,759 30.9 30.5 32.9
Delaware 1,868 2,216 2,512 6,174 7,795 8,840 30.3 28.4 28.4
District of Columbia 6,870 8,294 7,743 16,005 20,458 19,033 42.9 40.5 40.7
Florida 18,843 25,887 32,260 74,159 96,870 121,004 25.4 26.7 26.7
Georgia 12,083 14,677 17,367 40,652 50,258 64,301 29.7 29.2 27.0
Hawaii 2,227 2,531 2,594 6,793 7,982 8,074 32.8 31.7 32.1
Idaho 1,756 2,661 2,942 5,809 9,613 11,076 30.2 27.7 26.6
Illinois 22,867 27,863 30,855 85,474 108,371 117,325 26.8 25.7 26.3
Indiana 11,188 13,241 15,768 41,533 50,859 59,294 26.9 26.0 26.6
Iowa 6,389 7,413 13,296 22,762 26,669 47,054 28.1 27.8 28.3
Kansas 5,576 5,872 6,012 20,315 23,069 25,962 27.4 25.5 23.2
Kentucky 5,015 6,317 6,883 20,615 26,057 29,932 24.3 24.2 23.0
Louisiana 6,908 7,282 7,562 26,403 26,933 29,072 26.2 27.0 26.0
Maine 2,236 2,625 3,103 6,659 8,238 9,173 33.6 31.9 33.8
Maryland 12,710 15,870 18,039 34,837 41,487 48,527 36.5 38.3 37.2
Massachusetts 22,843 25,439 28,989 70,397 77,949 90,422 32.4 32.6 32.1
Michigan 18,618 21,124 23,488 68,860 75,553 79,340 27.0 28.0 29.6
Minnesota 9,319 12,388 15,853 32,426 45,705 57,518 28.7 27.1 27.6
Mississippi 3,472 3,618 4,278 14,904 16,011 18,366 23.3 22.6 23.3
Missouri 11,306 12,690 14,323 44,466 53,706 63,525 25.4 23.6 22.5
Montana 2,076 2,189 2,313 6,216 6,333 6,814 33.4 34.6 33.9
Nebraska 3,261 3,892 4,478 14,309 16,517 18,564 22.8 23.6 24.1
Nevada 1,279 2,378 2,814 5,966 8,904 10,532 21.4 26.7 26.7
New Hampshire 3,082 3,520 4,047 9,767 11,273 13,293 31.6 31.2 30.4
New Jersey 13,842 15,603 17,439 37,760 46,061 52,919 36.7 33.9 33.0
New Mexico 2,558 3,164 3,339 9,412 11,117 11,725 27.2 28.5 28.5
New York 44,628 51,277 59,701 150,970 181,303 203,148 29.6 28.3 29.4
North Carolina 14,543 16,541 20,896 45,316 53,738 66,530 32.1 30.8 31.4
North Dakota 1,397 1,522 1,743 5,597 6,805 7,385 25.0 22.4 23.6
Ohio 18,238 20,505 23,094 70,489 81,292 88,516 25.9 25.2 26.1
Oklahoma 5,914 6,243 6,503 21,668 24,726 26,299 27.3 25.2 24.7
Oregon 6,473 8,004 8,767 19,198 24,144 27,306 33.7 33.2 32.1
Pennsylvania 26,514 32,358 37,253 90,967 110,726 127,084 29.1 29.2 29.3
Rhode Island 2,872 3,649 4,077 10,400 12,083 13,718 27.6 30.2 29.7
South Carolina 6,052 6,997 8,223 21,323 24,830 29,523 28.4 28.2 27.9
South Dakota 1,775 2,030 2,153 5,305 6,043 6,729 33.5 33.6 32.0
Tennessee 7,787 8,752 10,243 31,683 36,299 43,362 24.6 24.1 23.6
Texas 28,242 35,293 42,413 103,513 127,836 153,270 27.3 27.6 27.7
Utah 6,151 8,075 9,399 21,069 25,753 31,967 29.2 31.4 29.4
Vermont 2,153 2,576 3,343 6,116 6,827 8,535 35.2 37.7 39.2
Virginia 15,823 18,582 23,672 44,783 53,760 72,067 35.3 34.6 32.8
Washington 10,011 12,592 14,269 31,856 38,392 42,255 31.4 32.8 33.8
West Virginia 2,699 3,056 5,050 11,225 13,265 19,040 24.0 23.0 26.5
Wisconsin 10,549 12,328 13,761 36,813 40,999 46,009 28.7 30.1 29.9
Wyoming 831 857 981 2,161 2,288 2,407 38.5 37.5 40.8
 
Puerto Rico 4,847 4,992 5,437 18,678 22,551 23,611 26.0 22.1 23.0
 

NOTES: All S&E degrees include bachelor’s, master’s, and doctorate. All S&E degrees include physical, computer, agricultural, biological, earth, atmospheric, ocean, and social sciences; psychology; mathematics; and engineering. All higher education degrees include bachelor’s, master’s, and doctorate.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2014


State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.

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