Skip all navigation and go to page content.

Chapter 8. State Indicators

Workforce

Individuals in Science and Engineering Occupations as a Percentage of All Occupations



Findings

  • In 2012, about 5.97 million people worked in occupations classified as S&E. This is an increase from the 4.96 million S&E workers in 2003.
  • In 2012, the percentage of the workforce engaged in S&E occupations ranged from 2.19% to 7.63% in individual states.
  • The highest percentages of employment in S&E occupations were found in the District of Columbia and the adjacent states of Maryland and Virginia as well as in Massachusetts and Colorado in 2012.


Description

This indicator represents the extent to which a state’s workforce is employed in S&E occupations. A high value indicates that a state’s economy has a high percentage of technical jobs relative to other states.

S&E occupations are defined by standard occupational codes. They include engineers and computer, mathematical, life, physical, and social scientists. Managers, technicians, elementary and secondary schoolteachers, and medical personnel are not included.

Data on individuals in S&E occupations and total occupations come from a survey of workplaces that assigns workers to a state based on where they work. Estimates do not include self-employed persons and are developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics from data provided by state workforce agencies. Due to the way the data are collected, faculty teaching in S&E fields are not included as workers in S&E occupations.

Estimates for states with smaller populations are generally less precise than estimates for states with larger populations.


Data Table

Table 8-34
Individuals in science and engineering occupations as a percentage of all occupations, by state: 2003, 2008, and 2012
 
Individuals in S&E occupations All occupations S&E occupations/all
occupations (%)
State 2003 2008 2012 2003 2008 2012 2003 2008 2012
 
United States 4,961,550 5,781,460 5,968,240 127,420,170 135,185,230 130,287,700 3.89 4.28 4.58
Alabama 56,380 68,580 72,880 1,817,240 1,945,300 1,824,400 3.10 3.53 3.99
Alaska 10,600 13,260 16,260 290,740 307,790 318,700 3.65 4.31 5.10
Arizona 92,120 102,100 116,930 2,275,410 2,637,830 2,414,340 4.05 3.87 4.84
Arkansas 21,340 29,310 29,530 1,118,690 1,176,050 1,155,020 1.91 2.49 2.56
California 676,180 791,750 821,780 14,460,860 15,212,610 14,303,630 4.68 5.20 5.75
Colorado 124,140 147,000 149,020 2,097,650 2,302,340 2,226,160 5.92 6.38 6.69
Connecticut 81,380 80,290 78,450 1,631,610 1,697,810 1,620,620 4.99 4.73 4.84
Delaware 17,370 22,330 23,440 403,650 425,210 405,750 4.30 5.25 5.78
District of Columbia 54,890 63,360 63,600 595,220 635,500 653,760 9.22 9.97 9.73
Florida 221,070 248,200 248,300 7,217,400 7,771,740 7,273,850 3.06 3.19 3.41
Georgia 144,170 147,380 148,830 3,770,430 4,068,270 3,815,530 3.82 3.62 3.90
Hawaii 16,090 18,830 20,930 557,400 612,420 588,210 2.89 3.07 3.56
Idaho 22,150 23,310 25,260 563,200 650,240 598,540 3.93 3.58 4.22
Illinois 211,230 224,370 220,170 5,719,150 5,910,630 5,640,740 3.69 3.80 3.90
Indiana 78,410 90,840 94,620 2,851,210 2,927,620 2,811,920 2.75 3.10 3.36
Iowa 37,320 46,180 50,950 1,413,220 1,502,600 1,470,740 2.64 3.07 3.46
Kansas 51,970 54,260 50,930 1,292,170 1,374,560 1,320,920 4.02 3.95 3.86
Kentucky 45,230 NA 51,830 1,719,620 1,817,860 1,764,750 2.63 NA 2.94
Louisiana 41,900 41,790 45,920 1,851,870 1,887,370 1,868,210 2.26 2.21 2.46
Maine 15,020 17,000 17,910 591,750 604,150 581,110 2.54 2.81 3.08
Maryland 149,250 167,070 179,550 2,448,580 2,561,530 2,510,680 6.10 6.52 7.15
Massachusetts 184,690 217,310 229,160 3,130,720 3,234,860 3,202,080 5.90 6.72 7.16
Michigan 182,940 204,290 198,610 4,310,420 4,142,750 3,918,120 4.24 4.93 5.07
Minnesota 117,120 134,440 131,690 2,591,720 2,704,860 2,641,110 4.52 4.97 4.99
Mississippi 22,190 27,270 23,640 1,089,350 1,138,210 1,080,420 2.04 2.40 2.19
Missouri 84,150 105,390 109,650 2,623,020 2,740,170 2,605,910 3.21 3.85 4.21
Montana 11,450 NA 15,360 394,820 444,090 432,380 2.90 NA 3.55
Nebraska 30,710 31,820 34,720 879,550 928,120 914,830 3.49 3.43 3.80
Nevada 22,330 27,300 27,000 1,086,110 1,278,230 1,127,160 2.06 2.14 2.40
New Hampshire 23,430 29,150 28,950 607,570 634,570 612,710 3.86 4.59 4.72
New Jersey 161,420 198,060 181,480 3,878,020 3,986,310 3,793,720 4.16 4.97 4.78
New Mexico 33,600 34,560 35,310 747,050 819,480 773,860 4.50 4.22 4.56
New York 272,440 326,510 321,480 8,236,200 8,633,580 8,542,280 3.31 3.78 3.76
North Carolina 132,440 153,680 167,900 3,702,170 4,063,420 3,878,800 3.58 3.78 4.33
North Dakota 8,430 9,450 13,120 314,620 350,360 403,290 2.68 2.70 3.25
Ohio 177,100 206,320 NA 5,308,270 5,323,130 5,054,250 3.34 3.88 NA
Oklahoma 44,360 48,900 50,420 1,416,640 1,557,750 1,529,900 3.13 3.14 3.30
Oregon 61,230 70,070 75,780 1,537,000 1,706,740 1,609,900 3.98 4.11 4.71
Pennsylvania 185,560 227,170 NA 5,494,430 5,705,170 5,596,480 3.38 3.98 NA
Rhode Island 18,740 18,090 20,180 477,320 478,420 453,020 3.93 3.78 4.45
South Carolina 48,740 57,770 63,170 1,764,170 1,892,690 1,796,550 2.76 3.05 3.52
South Dakota 9,150 11,870 12,000 364,970 395,960 398,680 2.51 3.00 3.01
Tennessee 63,680 72,760 79,830 2,614,830 2,755,800 2,657,280 2.44 2.64 3.00
Texas 365,270 463,850 493,980 9,248,660 10,391,420 10,579,400 3.95 4.46 4.67
Utah 45,570 52,570 54,720 1,043,500 1,230,320 1,200,850 4.37 4.27 4.56
Vermont 11,420 12,360 12,870 291,400 301,130 294,090 3.92 4.10 4.38
Virginia 209,280 259,280 274,280 3,412,070 3,670,980 3,597,100 6.13 7.06 7.63
Washington 150,230 NA NA 2,560,190 2,868,910 2,764,080 5.87 NA NA
West Virginia 16,220 17,000 19,900 680,200 717,740 710,540 2.38 2.37 2.80
Wisconsin 93,320 101,680 103,030 2,687,400 2,776,690 2,673,280 3.47 3.66 3.85
Wyoming 6,130 8,850 8,710 240,730 283,980 278,040 2.55 3.12 3.13
 
Puerto Rico 19,940 22,970 21,750 962,000 999,010 942,080 2.07 2.30 2.31
 

NA = not available.

NOTES: United States total includes states with suppressed data. Occupational Employment Statistics survey estimates for 2003 are based on November data; estimates for the remaining years are based on May data.

SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics Survey (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2014


State Data Tool

The state data tool allows interactive exploration of the 58 indicators in this chapter. Users have the ability to choose and explore a single indicator in-depth, compare multiple indicators for preselected groups, customize their own graphics, or download data tables. Click the button below to get started.

Close