Selection Process for the National Medal of Science
In 1961, President John F. Kennedy established the President’s Committee on the National Medal of Science to assist in the process of selecting National Medal of Science recipients. The committee is composed of six to 12 presidentially appointed members, as well as two ex officio members (the president of the National Academy of Sciences and the director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy). The committee is encouraged to provide a slate of recommended candidates that represents the breadth and diversity of the nation's scientific community, though there are no requirements for the composition of the group as a whole.
For details about the nomination process, see NSF’s nomination information website.
After reviewing the complete list of nominations, the committee members work within their respective disciplines to draft a “short list” of candidates for consideration by the full committee at a final meeting, traditionally convened at NSF. Following this meeting, the committee delivers a list of final candidates--typically between six and 10 individuals--for consideration by the U.S. president. The president has discretion to select medal awardees; he or she can reject candidates recommended by the committee and can choose additional awardees not recommended by the committee who, in his or her judgment, are deserving of the award.
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