The National Medal of Science--50 Years of Honoring America’s Scientists and Engineers
Chemist Allen Bard, 2011 National Medal of Science Laureate, has spent his entire career at the University of Texas at Austin. His work includes three books, more than 800 peer-reviewed research papers, 75 book chapters, 23 patents and service as editor-in-chief of the Journal of the American Chemical Society for nearly two decades.
Stanley Cohen was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1988 and the National Medal of Technology in 1989 for his work on antibiotic resistance. He speaks on his discoveries and the value of the support for his basic research which enabled him to study genes in the pursuit of understanding more about their structure, function, reproduction and role in disease.
Peter B. Dervan and Jacqueline Barton are married and have more than just romantic chemistry. Here they discuss their individual careers in biochemistry, for which each was awarded a National Medal of Science. Their joint interview epitomizes the power of a supportive professional and personal union.
Theoretical physicist and arms control expert Sidney Drell, 2011 National Medal of Science Laureate, contributed greatly to science specifically to quantum field theory and quantum chromodynamics as well as to the application of science by serving as a distinguished advisor to the U.S. Government on security and intelligence.
Mathematician and engineer Solomon Wolf Golomb, 2011 National Medal of Science Laureate, is best known to the general public and fans of mathematical games as the inventor of polyominoes, the inspiration for the computer game Tetris. He specializes in problems of combinatorial analysis, number theory, coding theory and communications.
Biologist Leroy Hood, a 2011 National Medal of Science Laureate, is recognized as one of the world's leading scientists in molecular biotechnology and genomics. His development of the DNA sequencer, DNA synthesizer and other instruments resulted in the successful mapping of the human genome that revolutionized biomedicine and forensic science.
Janet Rowley (April 5, 1925 - Dec. 17, 2013), Janet Rowley was an American human geneticist and the first scientist to identify a chromosomal translocation as the cause of leukemia and other cancers. She received the National Medal of Science 1998. As a medalist, this year she participated in the NMS 60th anniversary program at the National Academies of Science at which she was interviewed by Lisa-Joy Zgorski of the National Science Foundation.
Charles Pence Slichter, 2007 National Medal of Science awardee, reflects on his research examining the fundamental molecular properties of liquids and solids, and the impact of his research on the development of modern technologies in condensed matter physics, chemistry, biology, and medicine.
Psychologist Anne Treisman, 2011 National Medal of Science Laureate, proposed revolutionary ideas that had an enormous impact inside and outside of psychology, including the Feature Integration Theory of attention, which inspired thousands of experiments in cognitive psychology, vision sciences, cognitive science, neuropsychology and cognitive neuroscience.
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