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Figure 1-1 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) NAEP mathematics scores for students in grades 4 and 8
App. Table 1-1 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Average scores of students in grade 4 on the main NAEP mathematics assessment, by student characteristics
Average scores of students in grade 8 on the main NAEP mathematics assessment, by student characteristics
Average scores of students in grade 12 on the main NAEP mathematics assessment, by student characteristics
Figure 1-2 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Findings From the First-Grade Rounds of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11
Findings From the Second-Grade Rounds of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11
Findings From the Third-Grade Round of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11
First-Time Kindergartners in 2010–11: First Findings From the Kindergarten Rounds of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11
Table 1-2 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Average scores of students in grade 4 on the main NAEP mathematics assessment, by student characteristics
Average scores of students in grade 8 on the main NAEP mathematics assessment, by student characteristics
Average scores of students in grade 12 on the main NAEP mathematics assessment, by student characteristics
App. Table 1-2 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Students in grade 4 scoring at or above main NAEP's proficient level in mathematics, by student characteristics
Students in grade 8 scoring at or above main NAEP's proficient level in mathematics, by student characteristics
Students in grade 12 scoring at or above main NAEP's proficient level in mathematics, by student characteristics
Figure 1-3 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Highlights from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Students in Grades 4 and 8 and in Advanced Courses at the End of High School in an International Context
Table 1-3 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Average scores of students in grade 4 on the main NAEP science assessment, by student characteristics
Average scores of students in grade 8 on the main NAEP science assessment, by student characteristics
Average scores of students in grade 12 on the main NAEP science assessment, by student characteristics
App. Table 1-3 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Average scores of students in grade 4 on the main NAEP science assessment, by student characteristics
Average scores of students in grade 8 on the main NAEP science assessment, by student characteristics
Average scores of students in grade 12 on the main NAEP science assessment, by student characteristics
Figure 1-4 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Highlights from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Students in Grades 4 and 8 and in Advanced Courses at the End of High School in an International Context
Table 1-4 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Average scores of students in grade 8 on the main NAEP technology and engineering literacy assessment, by student characteristics
App. Table 1-4 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Students in grade 4 scoring at or above main NAEP's proficient level in science, by student characteristics
Students in grade 8 scoring at or above main NAEP's proficient level in science, by student characteristics
Students in grade 12 scoring at or above main NAEP's proficient level in science, by student characteristics
Figure 1-5 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science, Reading, and Mathematics Literacy in an International Context: First Look at PISA 2015
Table 1-5 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Findings From the First-Grade Rounds of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11
Findings From the Third-Grade Round of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11
First-Time Kindergartners in 2010–11: First Findings From the Kindergarten Rounds of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11
App. Table 1-5 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Average scores of students in grade 8 on the main NAEP technology and engineering literacy assessment, by student characteristics
Students in grade 8 scoring at or above main NAEP's proficient level in technology and engineering, by student characteristics
Figure 1-6 The College Board AP Data Distribution of high school students taking an AP exam in mathematics or science, by sex
Table 1-6 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Highlights from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Students in Grades 4 and 8 and in Advanced Courses at the End of High School in an International Context
App. Table 1-6 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Average scores of students in grade 4 on the main NAEP mathematics assessment, by race or ethnicity and sex, by state
Figure 1-7 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators Developed country teachers' salaries relative to earnings for tertiary educated workers
Table 1-7 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Highlights from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Students in Grades 4 and 8 and in Advanced Courses at the End of High School in an International Context
App. Table 1-7 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Students in grade 4 scoring at or above main NAEP's proficient level in mathematics, by race or ethnicity and sex, by state
Figure 1-8 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Digest of Education Statistics Percentage of recent high school completers enrolled in 2- and 4-year colleges, by race/ethnicity: 1960 through 2015
Percentage of recent high school completers enrolled in 2-year and 4-year colleges, by income level: 1975 through 2015
Recent high school completers and their enrollment in 2-year and 4-year colleges, by sex: 1960 through 2015
Table 1-8 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Highlights from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Students in Grades 4 and 8 and in Advanced Courses at the End of High School in an International Context
App. Table 1-8 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Average scores of students in grade 4 on the main NAEP science assessment, by race or ethnicity and sex, by state
Table 1-9 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Highlights from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Students in Grades 4 and 8 and in Advanced Courses at the End of High School in an International Context
App. Table 1-9 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Students in grade 4 scoring at or above main NAEP's proficient level in science, by race or ethnicity and sex, by state
Table 1-10 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Highlights from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Students in Grades 4 and 8 and in Advanced Courses at the End of High School in an International Context
App. Table 1-10 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Average scores of students in grade 8 on the main NAEP mathematics assessment, by race or ethnicity and sex, by state
Table 1-11 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science, Reading, and Mathematics Literacy in an International Context: First Look at PISA 2015
App. Table 1-11 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Students in grade 8 scoring at or above main NAEP's proficient level in mathematics, by race or ethnicity and sex, by state
Table 1-12 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science, Reading, and Mathematics Literacy in an International Context: First Look at PISA 2015
App. Table 1-12 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Average scores of students in grade 8 on the main NAEP science assessment, by race or ethnicity and sex, by state
Table 1-13 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science, Reading, and Mathematics Literacy in an International Context: First Look at PISA 2015
App. Table 1-13 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Students in grade 8 scoring at or above main NAEP's proficient level in science, by race or ethnicity and sex, by state
Table 1-14 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics High School Longitudinal Study High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (Special Tabulations)
App. Table 1-14 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Findings From the First-Grade Rounds of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11
Findings From the Second-Grade Rounds of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11
Findings From the Third-Grade Round of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11
First-Time Kindergartners in 2010–11: First Findings From the Kindergarten Rounds of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11
Table 1-15 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics High School Longitudinal Study High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (Special Tabulations)
App. Table 1-15 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Findings From the First-Grade Rounds of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11
Findings From the Second-Grade Rounds of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11
Findings From the Third-Grade Round of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11
Table 1-16 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics High School Longitudinal Study High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (Special Tabulations)
App. Table 1-16 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Highlights from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Students in Grades 4 and 8 and in Advanced Courses at the End of High School in an International Context
Table 1-17 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics High School Longitudinal Study High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (Special Tabulations)
App. Table 1-17 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Highlights from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Students in Grades 4 and 8 and in Advanced Courses at the End of High School in an International Context
Table 1-18 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics High School Longitudinal Study High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 2013 Update and High School Transcript Study: A First Look at Fall 2009 Ninth-Graders in 2013
App. Table 1-18 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Highlights from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Students in Grades 4 and 8 and in Advanced Courses at the End of High School in an International Context
Table 1-19 Google Trends in the State of Computer Science in U.S. K-12 Schools Percentage of principals reporting that their schools offer at least one computer science course, by grade level, size, and urbanicity
App. Table 1-19 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Highlights from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Students in Grades 4 and 8 and in Advanced Courses at the End of High School in an International Context
Table 1-20 The College Board AP Data Students who took or passed an AP exam in high school, by subject
App. Table 1-20 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science, Reading, and Mathematics Literacy in an International Context: First Look at PISA 2015
Table 1-21 The College Board AP Data Students taking AP exams, by subject
App. Table 1-21 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science, Reading, and Mathematics Literacy in an International Context: First Look at PISA 2015
Table 1-22 U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights Department of Education Civil Rights Data Collection 2013–2014 Civil Rights Data Collection: A first look
App. Table 1-22 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics High School Longitudinal Study High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (Special Tabulations)
Table 1-23 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Common Core Data Table Library On-time graduation rates for U.S. public high school students (2013-14)
On-time graduation rates for U.S. public high school students (2014-15)
Trends in High School Dropout and Completion Rates in the United States: 2013
App. Table 1-23 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics High School Longitudinal Study High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (Special Tabulations)
Table 1-24 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators High school graduation rates, by OECD country
App. Table 1-24 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics High School Longitudinal Study High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (Special Tabulations)
Table 1-25 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators High school graduation rates among OECD countries (2008)
High school graduation rates among OECD countries (2010)
High school graduation rates among OECD countries (2012)
High school graduation rates among OECD countries (2014)
App. Table 1-25 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics High School Longitudinal Study High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (Special Tabulations)
Table 1-26 American College Testing (ACT) The Condition of College and Career Readiness The Condition of College and Career Readiness 2016
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Common Core Data Table Library On-time graduation rates for U.S. public high school students (2014-15)
Digest of Education Statistics Percentage of recent high school completers enrolled in 2- and 4-year colleges, by race/ethnicity: 1960 through 2015
Percentage of recent high school completers enrolled in 2-year and 4-year colleges, by income level: 1975 through 2015
Recent high school completers and their enrollment in 2-year and 4-year colleges, by sex: 1960 through 2015
Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Findings From the Third-Grade Round of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11
High School Longitudinal Study High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (Special Tabulations)
National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Average scores of students in grade 12 on the main NAEP science assessment, by student characteristics
Average scores of students in grade 4 on the main NAEP mathematics assessment, by student characteristics
Average scores of students in grade 8 on the main NAEP mathematics assessment, by student characteristics
Average scores of students in grade 12 on the main NAEP mathematics assessment, by student characteristics
Average scores of students in grade 4 on the main NAEP science assessment, by student characteristics
Average scores of students in grade 8 on the main NAEP science assessment, by student characteristics
Average scores of students in grade 8 on the main NAEP technology and engineering literacy assessment, by student characteristics
Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science, Reading, and Mathematics Literacy in an International Context: First Look at PISA 2015
Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Highlights from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Students in Grades 4 and 8 and in Advanced Courses at the End of High School in an International Context
App. Table 1-26 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics High School Longitudinal Study High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 2013 Update and High School Transcript Study: A First Look at Fall 2009 Ninth-Graders in 2013
Table 1-27 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Common Core Data Table Library Trend in on-time high school graduation rate
Digest of Education Statistics Trend in immediate college enrollment
National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Trend in NAEP Mathematics scores
Trend in NAEP Science scores
Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) Trend in PISA Mathematics scores
Trend in PISA Science scores
Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Trend in TIMSS Mathematics scores
Trend in TIMSS Science scores
App. Table 1-27 U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey Parents' education: National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) special tabulations (2017) of Current Population Survey
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Digest of Education Statistics Percentage of recent high school completers enrolled in 2- and 4-year colleges, by race/ethnicity: 1960 through 2015
Percentage of recent high school completers enrolled in 2-year and 4-year colleges, by income level: 1975 through 2015
Recent high school completers and their enrollment in 2-year and 4-year colleges, by sex: 1960 through 2015
App. Table 1-28 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics High School Longitudinal Study High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 2013 Update and High School Transcript Study: A First Look at Fall 2009 Ninth-Graders in 2013
Figure 1-A American College Testing (ACT) The Condition of College and Career Readiness The Condition of College and Career Readiness 2016
Graphic Provider Product Source
Figure 2-1 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics IPEDS Analytics: Delta Cost Project Database Selected average revenues and expenditures per FTE at public very high research universities
Table 2-1 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System: Institutional Characteristics component Degree-granting institutions, by control and level of institution
App. Table 2-1 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey S&E degrees awarded, by degree level, Carnegie institution type, and field
Figure 2-2 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics IPEDS Analytics: Delta Cost Project Database Average expenditures on research at private and public very high research universities
Table 2-2 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Degree awards by degree level and institutional control
App. Table 2-2 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Degrees awarded by for-profit institutions 2000-2015
Figure 2-3 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics IPEDS Analytics: Delta Cost Project Database Average expenditures per FTE on instruction at public and private very high research universities
Table 2-3 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates U.S. citizen and permanent resident S&E doctorate recipients with baccalaureates from high-Hispanic-enrollment institutions
App. Table 2-3 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Degrees awarded by for-profit institutions, by field and degree level: 2015
Figure 2-4 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics IPEDS Analytics: Delta Cost Project Database Selected average revenues and expenditures at public 4-year and other postsecondary institutions
Table 2-4 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates U.S. citizen and permanent resident S&E doctorate recipients with baccalaureates from an HBCU, by ethnicity and race
App. Table 2-4 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Distance education programs by institutional control, field, and degree level
Figure 2-5 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics IPEDS Analytics: Delta Cost Project Database Selected average revenues and expenditures per FTE at community colleges
Table 2-5 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates U.S. citizen and permanent resident S&E doctorate recipients reporting earning college credit from a community or 2-year college, by ethnicity and race
App. Table 2-5 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Fall Enrollment Survey Undergraduate and total enrollment in higher education, by Carnegie institution type
Figure 2-6 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering Full time S&E graduate students, by source of primary support
Table 2-6 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Recent recipients of S&E degrees who attended community college, by sex, race and ethnicity, citizenship status, and parents' education level
App. Table 2-6 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics IPEDS Analytics: Delta Cost Project Database Average revenue per full-time equivalent student, by institution type
Figure 2-7 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering Full time S&E graduates supported by the federal government, by field
Table 2-7 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Fall Enrollment Survey Enrollment in Title IV institutions, by distance education enrollment status, control, and level of institution
App. Table 2-7 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics IPEDS Analytics: Delta Cost Project Database Average expenditures per full-time equivalent student, by institution
Figure 2-8 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering Full time S&E graduate students, by field and mechanism of primary support
Table 2-8 The College Board Annual Survey of Colleges: Trends in College Pricing Net tuition and fees for full-time undergraduate students by institutional control
App. Table 2-8 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering Full time S&E graduates by source and mechanism of primary support
Figure 2-9 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Fall Enrollment Survey Undergraduate enrollment in higher education, by race and ethnicity
Table 2-9 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates Doctorate recipients' primary source of support
App. Table 2-9 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering Full time S&E graduates, by field and mechanism of primary support
Figure 2-10 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey S&E bachelor's degrees, by field
Table 2-10 U.S. Department of Homeland Security Student and Exchange Visitor Information System database International students' enrollment in U.S. universities
App. Table 2-10 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering Full time S&E graduates supported by the federal government, by field
Figure 2-11 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey S&E bachelor's degrees, by field and sex
Table 2-11 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study Retention and attainment of postsecondary students at the first academic institution, by level of first institution and major field category
App. Table 2-11 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering Full time S&E graduate students, by field and mechanism of primary support
Figure 2-12 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Earned bachelor's degrees by citizenship, field, and race or ethnicity
Table 2-12 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study Major switching among first-time postsecondary students beginning 4-year colleges and universities
App. Table 2-12 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering Full time S&E graduates supported by the federal government, by agency
Figure 2-13 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey S&E master's degrees, by field
Table 2-13 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates Median number of years from S&E doctorate recipients' entry to graduate school to receipt of doctorate, by field
App. Table 2-13 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering Full time S&E graduates supported by the federal government, by agency
Full time S&E graduates supported by the federal government, by field
Figure 2-14 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey S&E master's degrees, by sex
Table 2-14 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates U.S. S&E doctorate recipients on temporary visas
App. Table 2-14 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates Doctorate recipients' primary source of support
Figure 2-15 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey S&E master's degrees, by race, ethnicity, and citizenship
Table 2-15 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates Asian recipients of U.S. S&E doctorates
App. Table 2-15 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates S&E doctorate recipients undergraduate and graduate debt
Figure 2-16 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Earned S&E doctoral degrees, by field
Table 2-16 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates European recipients of U.S. S&E doctorates on temporary visas
App. Table 2-16 U.S. Department of Homeland Security Student and Exchange Visitor Information System database International undergraduate student enrollment in U.S. universities
Figure 2-17 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey S&E doctoral degrees earned by U.S. citizen and permanent resident underrepresented minorities, by race and ethnicity
Table 2-17 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates North American, South American, and Middle Eastern recipients of U.S. S&E doctorates
App. Table 2-17 American Society for Engineering Education Engineering by the Numbers Undergraduate enrollment in engineering
Figure 2-18 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey S&E doctoral degrees, by race, ethnicity, and citizenship
App. Table 2-18 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Earned associate's degrees by sex and field
Figure 2-19 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates Asian recipients of U.S. S&E doctorates
App. Table 2-19 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Earned associate's degrees by citizenship, field, and race or ethnicity
Figure 2-20 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates U.S. S&E doctorate recipients by selected European country
App. Table 2-20 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Degrees awarded to U.S. citizens and permanent residents, by sex, race, ethnicity, broad field category, and degree level
Figure 2-21 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates U.S. S&E doctorate recipients from Europe
App. Table 2-21 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Earned bachelor's degrees, by sex and field
Figure 2-22 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates U.S. S&E doctoral degree recipients from Canada, Mexico, and Brazil
App. Table 2-22 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Earned bachelor's degrees by citizenship, field, and race or ethnicity
Figure 2-23 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators Educational attainment by country and age group (OECD 2016)
App. Table 2-23 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering S&E graduate enrollment, by field
Figure 2-24 Ministry of Education (Taiwan) Educational Statistics of the Republic of China First university degrees - Taiwan (various years)
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Japan) Survey of Education (Japan) First university degrees - Japan (various years)
National Bureau of Statistics of China China Statistical Yearbook First university degrees - China (various years)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators First university degrees - OECD
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey First university degrees - United States
UNESCO Institute for Statistics UNESCO-OECD-Eurostat (UOE) Data Collection on Education Statistics First university degrees - UNESCO
App. Table 2-24 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering First-time full-time S&E graduate students, by citizenship and field
Figure 2-25 India Department of Higher Education All India Survey on Higher Education Doctoral degrees - India (various years)
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Japan) Survey of Education (Japan) Doctoral degrees - Japan (various years)
National Bureau of Statistics of China China Statistical Yearbook Doctoral degrees - China (various years)
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Doctoral degrees - United States
UNESCO Institute for Statistics UNESCO-OECD-Eurostat (UOE) Data Collection on Education Statistics Doctoral degrees - UNESCO
App. Table 2-25 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering S&E graduate enrollment by citizenship and field
Figure 2-26 UNESCO Institute for Statistics UNESCO-OECD-Eurostat (UOE) Data Collection on Education Statistics Internationally mobile students enrolled in tertiary education
App. Table 2-26 U.S. Department of Homeland Security Student and Exchange Visitor Information System database International graduate student enrollment in U.S. universities
App. Table 2-27 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Earned Master's degrees, by sex and field
App. Table 2-28 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Earned master's degrees by citizenship, field, and race or ethnicity
App. Table 2-29 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Earned doctoral degrees, by citizenship, field, and sex
App. Table 2-30 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates Median number of years from S&E doctorate recipients' entry to graduate school to receipt of doctorate, by field
App. Table 2-31 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates Median number of years from S&E doctorate recipients' entry to graduate school to receipt of doctorate, by sex, citizenship, race, ethnicity, and broad field of study
App. Table 2-32 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Earned doctoral degrees by citizenship, field, and race or ethnicity
App. Table 2-33 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators Country expenditures on tertiary education
App. Table 2-34 India Department of Higher Education All India Survey on Higher Education First university degrees - India (AISHE 2015)
Ministry of Education (Singapore) Education Statistics Digest (Singapore) First university degrees - Singapore (Education Statistics Digest 2015)
Ministry of Education (Taiwan) Educational Statistics of the Republic of China First university degrees - Taiwan (Educational Statistics of the Republic of China 2015)
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Japan) Survey of Education (Japan) First university degrees - Japan (Survey of Education 2016)
National Bureau of Statistics of China China Statistical Yearbook First university degrees - China (China Statistical Yearbook 2015)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators First university degrees - OECD
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey First university degrees - United States
UNESCO Institute for Statistics UNESCO-OECD-Eurostat (UOE) Data Collection on Education Statistics First university degrees - UNESCO
App. Table 2-35 Ministry of Education (Taiwan) Educational Statistics of the Republic of China First university degrees - Taiwan (various years)
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Japan) Survey of Education (Japan) First university degrees - Japan (various years)
National Bureau of Statistics of China China Statistical Yearbook First university degrees - China (various years)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators First university degrees - OECD
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey First university degrees - United States
UNESCO Institute for Statistics UNESCO-OECD-Eurostat (UOE) Data Collection on Education Statistics First university degrees - UNESCO
App. Table 2-36 India Department of Higher Education All India Survey on Higher Education First university degrees - India (AISHE 2015)
Ministry of Education (Singapore) Education Statistics Digest (Singapore) First university degrees - Singapore (Education Statistics Digest 2015)
Ministry of Education (Taiwan) Educational Statistics of the Republic of China First university degrees - Taiwan (Educational Statistics of the Republic of China 2015)
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Japan) Survey of Education (Japan) First university degrees - Japan (Survey of Education 2016)
National Bureau of Statistics of China China Statistical Yearbook First university degrees - China (China Statistical Yearbook 2015)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators First university degrees - OECD
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey First university degrees - United States
UNESCO Institute for Statistics UNESCO-OECD-Eurostat (UOE) Data Collection on Education Statistics First university degrees - UNESCO
App. Table 2-37 India Department of Higher Education All India Survey on Higher Education Doctoral degrees - India (AISHE 2015)
Ministry of Education (Singapore) Education Statistics Digest (Singapore) Doctoral degrees - Singapore (Education Statistics Digest 2015)
Ministry of Education (Taiwan) Educational Statistics of the Republic of China Doctoral degrees - Taiwan (Educational Statistics of the Republic of China 2015)
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Japan) Survey of Education (Japan) Doctoral degrees - Japan (Survey of Education 2016)
National Bureau of Statistics of China China Statistical Yearbook Doctoral degrees - China (China Statistical Yearbook 2015)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators Doctoral degrees - OECD
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Doctoral degrees - United States
UNESCO Institute for Statistics UNESCO-OECD-Eurostat (UOE) Data Collection on Education Statistics Doctoral degrees - UNESCO
App. Table 2-38 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators Doctoral degrees - OECD
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Doctoral degrees - United States
App. Table 2-39 Ministry of Education (Taiwan) Educational Statistics of the Republic of China Doctoral degrees - Taiwan (various years)
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Japan) Survey of Education (Japan) Doctoral degrees - Japan (various years)
National Bureau of Statistics of China China Statistical Yearbook Doctoral degrees - China (various years)
UNESCO Institute for Statistics UNESCO-OECD-Eurostat (UOE) Data Collection on Education Statistics Doctoral degrees - UNESCO
App. Table 2-40 India Department of Higher Education All India Survey on Higher Education Doctoral degrees - India (AISHE 2015)
Ministry of Education (Taiwan) Educational Statistics of the Republic of China Doctoral degrees - Taiwan (Educational Statistics of the Republic of China 2015)
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey Doctoral degrees - United States
UNESCO Institute for Statistics UNESCO-OECD-Eurostat (UOE) Data Collection on Education Statistics Doctoral degrees - UNESCO
App. Table 2-41 U.N. Department of Economics and Social Affairs World Population Prospects Population projections through 2060 for selected countries and regions
U.S. Census Bureau National Population Projections Population projections through 2060 by race and ethnicity - United States
App. Table 2-42 Higher Education Statistics Agency Higher Education Statistics Agency Data Foreign students enrollment in UK universities
App. Table 2-43 Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Japan) Survey of Education (Japan) Graduate foreign student enrollment in Japanese universities
Undergraduate foreign student enrollment in Japanese universities
App. Table 2-44 Statistics Canada Center for Education Statistics Data (Canada) S&E student enrollment in Canadian universities
Graphic Provider Product Source
Figure 3-1 Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey OES National occupational employment and wage estimates
National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Employment in S&E occupations, by broad occupational category (NSCG)
Figure 3-2 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates S&E degrees among college graduates, by field and level of highest degree
App. Table 3-2 Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment Projections Employment Projections program, special tabulations of 2014–24 Employment Projections.
Figure 3-3 U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey 2015 ACS 1-year PUMS
Decennial Census 1960 Decennial Census PUMS - occupations
1970 Decennial Census PUMS - occupations
1980 Decennial Census PUMS - occupations
1990 Decennial Census PUMS - occupations
2000 Decennial Census PUMS - occupations
Table 3-3 Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey OES National occupational employment and wage estimates
National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Employed in S&E occupations (NSCG)
Employed workers with at least one degree in S&E field
Job relatedness to highest degree for those with highest degree in S&E field, by occupation
Job requires S&E technical expertise at bachelor's level
U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey 2015 ACS 1-year PUMS
App. Table 3-3 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Scientists and engineers, by occupation and field of highest degree
Figure 3-4 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Employed individuals with highest degree in S&E, by field and level of highest degree: 2015
SESTAT Integrated File Employed individuals with highest degree in S&E, by field and level of highest degree: 2003
Table 3-4 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Educational background of college graduates employed in S&E occupations, by broad S&E occupational category
App. Table 3-4 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Employment sector of S&E highest degree holders
Employment sector of workers in S&E occupations
Figure 3-5 U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey 2015 ACS 1-year PUMS
Table 3-5 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Relationship of highest degree to job among S&E highest degree holders not in S&E occupations
App. Table 3-5 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Employment sector of S&E highest degree holders, by level and field of highest degree
Figure 3-6 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Occupational distribution of scientists and engineers, by broad field of highest degree: 2015
Table 3-6 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Employment sector of scientists and engineers, by broad occupational category and degree field
App. Table 3-6 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Scientists and engineers participating in work-related training, by labor force status, highest degree level, and sex
Figure 3-7 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Occupational distribution of S&E highest degree holders, by field of highest degree
Table 3-7 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Self-employed scientists and engineers, by education, occupation, and type of business
App. Table 3-7 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Most important reason for scientists and engineers to participate in work-related training, by labor force status
Figure 3-8 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Percent of S&E degree holders working in S&E occupations, by level and field of S&E highest degree
Table 3-8 Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey OES May 2016 National Industry-Specific Estimates
App. Table 3-8 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics SESTAT Integrated File Unemployment rates of scientists and engineers, by level of highest degree and broad occupational category
Figure 3-9 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates S&E degree holders employed in jobs related to highest degree, by level of and years since highest degree
Table 3-9 Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey OES May 2016 Metropolitan Area Employment Estimates
App. Table 3-9 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Median annual salaries for employed college-educated individuals, by broad field and level of highest degree and broad occupational category
Figure 3-10 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates S&E highest degree holders, by degree level and employment sector
Table 3-10 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Scientists and engineers employed in S&E occupations and active in R&D, by broad occupational category and level of highest degree
Scientists and engineers employed in S&E occupations, by broad occupational category and level of highest degree
App. Table 3-10 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates Postgraduation plans of doctorate recipients with definite commitments, by broad field of study: 1975, 1985
Postgraduation plans of doctorate recipients with definite commitments, by broad field of study: Selected years, 1995–2015
Figure 3-11 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Broad S&E occupational categories, by employment sector
Table 3-11 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Scientists and engineers participating in work-related training, by labor force status and occupation
App. Table 3-11 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Age profile of employed scientists and engineers, by sex and field of highest degree
Figure 3-12 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Scientists and engineers employed in the business sector, by employer size
Table 3-12 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics SESTAT Integrated File Scientists and engineers who are working involuntarily out of field, by S&E degree field
App. Table 3-12 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Employed scientists and engineers, by sex and occupation
Figure 3-13 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Employed scientists and engineers by broad field of highest degree and broad occupational category
Employed scientists and engineers with R&D activity, by broad field of highest deree and broad occupational category
Table 3-13 Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey OES National occupational employment and wage estimates
App. Table 3-13 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Employed S&E highest degree holders, by sex and field of degree
Figure 3-14 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Doctorate Recipients Employed SEH doctorate holders with R&D activity, by years since doctoral degree
Table 3-14 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Involuntary out-of-field (IOF) rate for recent S&E degree recipients up to 5 years after receiving degree, by level and field of highest degree
Median annual salary for recent S&E degree recipients up to 5 years after receiving degree, by level and field of highest degree
Unemployment rate for recent S&E degree recipients up to 5 years after receiving degree, by level and field of highest degree
App. Table 3-14 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Employed S&E highest degree holders, by race, field of highest degree, and broad occupational category
Employed S&E highest degree holders, by sex, field of highest degree, and broad occupational category
Figure 3-15 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Doctorate Recipients Unemployment rates of S&E highest degree holders, by level of and years since highest degree
Table 3-15 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Doctorate Recipients Employment characteristics of recent SEH doctorate recipients up to 3 years after receiving doctorate, by field of degree
App. Table 3-15 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Employed scientists and engineers, by race, ethnicity, and occupation
Figure 3-16 U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey Merged Outgoing Rotation Group (MORG) files: 1990-2015
Table 3-16 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Doctorate Recipients Employed SEH doctorate recipients holding tenure and tenure-track appointments at academic institutions, by field of and years since degree
App. Table 3-16 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Employed S&E highest degree holders, by race, ethnicity, and field of degree
Figure 3-17 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates S&E highest degree holders working involuntarily out of field, by field of and years since highest degree
Table 3-17 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Doctorate Recipients Median salaries for recent SEH doctorate recipients up to 5 years after receiving degree, by field of degree and employment sector
App. Table 3-17 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Estimate of full-time workers with highest degree in S&E field, by sex and occupation
Median salary of full-time workers with highest degree in S&E field, by sex and occupation
Figure 3-18 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Median salaries for employed college-educated individuals, by broad field of highest degree and years since highest degree
Table 3-18 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Doctorate Recipients Median salaries for recent U.S. SEH doctorate recipients in postdoc and non-postdoc positions up to 5 years after receiving degree
App. Table 3-18 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Estimate of full-time workers with highest degree in S&E field, by race, ethnicity, and occupation
Median salary of full-time workers with highest degree in S&E field, by race, ethnicity, and occupation
Figure 3-19 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Median salaries for S&E highest degree holders, by broad field of and years since highest degree
Table 3-19 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Racial and ethnic distribution of employed individuals in S&E occupations
Racial and ethnic distribution of employed individuals with college degrees
Racial and ethnic distribution of employed individuals with highest degree in S&E
U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey 2015 ACS 1-year PUMS
App. Table 3-19 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Race and ethnic distribution of workers in S&E occupations, by nativity
Figure 3-20 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Median salaries for S&E highest degree holders, by level of and years since highest degree
Table 3-20 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Distribution of workers in S&E occupations, by race and ethnicity: 2015
SESTAT Integrated File Distribution of workers in S&E occupations, by race and ethnicity: 1993–2015
App. Table 3-20 U.S. Department of Homeland Security Characteristics of H-1B Specialty Occupation Workers Occupations of new H-1B visa recipients
Figure 3-21 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Doctorate Recipients Recent U.S. SEH doctorate recipients in postdoc positions, by field of and years since doctorate
Table 3-21 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Racial and ethnic distribution of employed individuals with highest degree in S&E
App. Table 3-21 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates Plans of foreign recipients of U.S. doctorates to stay in the United States, by field of doctorate and place of origin
Figure 3-22 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Age distribution of scientists and engineers in the labor force, by sex: 2015
SESTAT Integrated File Age distribution of scientists and engineers in the labor force, by sex: 1993
Table 3-22 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Racial and ethnic distribution of employed individuals with highest degree in S&E
App. Table 3-22 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Main Science and Technology Indicators Total R&D personnel (FTE)
Figure 3-23 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Age distribution of employed scientists and engineers, by broad occupational category and broad field of highest degree
Table 3-23 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Racial and ethnic distribution of employed women in S&E occupations and with S&E highest degrees: 2015
SESTAT Integrated File Racial and ethnic distribution of employed women in S&E occupations and with S&E highest degrees: 1995
App. Table 3-23 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Main Science and Technology Indicators GERD at constant prices and PPP (2010 $) (OECD)
Total researchers (FTE)
Total researchers per thousand total employment
Figure 3-24 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Older scientists and engineers who work full time, by age and highest degree
Table 3-24 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Median annual salary among S&E highest degree holders working full time, by sex, race, and ethnicity: 2015
SESTAT Integrated File Median annual salary among S&E highest degree holders working full time, by sex, race, and ethnicity: 1995, 2003
Figure 3-25 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Older scientists and engineers who report not working because of retirement, by age
Table 3-25 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Foreign-born worker in S&E occupations, by education level: 2015
SESTAT Integrated File Foreign-born worker in S&E occupations, by education level: 1995, 2003
U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey 2003 ACS PUMS
2015 ACS 1-year PUMS
Figure 3-26 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Women as a percentage of S&E highest degree holders
Women as a percentage of the college-educated workforce
Women in S&E occupations: 2015
Table 3-26 U.S. Department of Homeland Security Characteristics of H-1B Specialty Occupation Workers Annual Compensation of H-1B Beneficiaries for Initial Employment by Major Occupation Group: FY 2015
Figure 3-27 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Women in S&E occupations: 2015
SESTAT Integrated File Women in S&E occupations: 1993-2015
Table 3-27 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Doctorate Recipients Temporary visa holders receiving S&E doctorates in 2010 and 2005 who were in the United States in 2015, by S&E degree field
Figure 3-28 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Employed women with highest degree in S&E, by degree level: 2015
SESTAT Integrated File Employed women with highest degree in S&E, by degree level: 1993-2015
Table 3-28 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Doctorate Recipients Temporary visa holders receiving S&E doctorates in 2010 and 2005 who were in the United States in 2015, by country of citizenship at time of degree
Figure 3-29 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics SESTAT Integrated File Highest degree holders in S&E not in the labor force, by sex and age
Figure 3-30 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Doctorate Recipients Estimated salary differences between women and men with highest degree in S&E employed full time, controlling for selected characteristics, by degree level
Figure 3-31 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Doctorate Recipients Estimated salary differences between minorities and whites and Asians with highest degree in S&E employed full time, controlling for selected characteristics, by degree level
Figure 3-32 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Foreign-born scientists and engineers employed in S&E occupations, by highest degree level and broad S&E occupational category
Figure 3-33 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Survey of College Graduates Foreign-born individuals with highest degree in S&E living in the United States, by place of birth
Figure 3-34 U.S. Department of State Nonimmigrant Visa Statistics Nonimmigrant Visa Issuances by Visa Class and by Nationality, and Nonimmigrant Visas by Individual Class of Admission
Figure 3-35 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates Plans at graduation of foreign recipients of U.S. S&E doctoral degrees to stay in the United States, by year of doctorate
Figure 3-36 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Doctorate Recipients Five-year and ten-year stay rates for U.S. S&E doctoral degree recipients with temporary visas at graduation
Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education Stay Rates of Foreign Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities Five-year and ten-year stay rates for U.S. S&E doctoral degree recipients with temporary visas at graduation
Figure 3-37 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Doctorate Recipients Five-year and ten-year stay rates for temporary residents receiving S&E doctorates in 2005 and 2010, by foreign support: 2015
Figure 3-38 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Main Science and Technology Indicators Total researchers (FTE)
Figure 3-39 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Main Science and Technology Indicators Total researchers per thousand total employment
Figure 3-40 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Main Science and Technology Indicators GERD at constant prices and PPP (2010 $) (OECD)
Total researchers (FTE)
Figure 3-A Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment Projections Employment Projections program, special tabulations of 2014–24 Employment Projections.
Table 3-A Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment Projections Employment Projections program, special tabulations of 2014–24 Employment Projections.
Figure 3-B Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment Projections Employment Projections program, special tabulations of 2014–24 Employment Projections.
Table 3-B National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates Doctorate recipients in S&E fields with postgraduation plans for non-postdoc employment in the United States in the business or industry sector, by region of employment
Table 3-C National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates Doctorate recipients in S&E fields with postgraduation plans for non-postdoc employment in the United States in the business or industry sector, by region of employment
Table 3-D National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates Doctorate recipients in S&E fields with postgraduation plans for non-postdoc employment in the United States in the business or industry sector, by region of doctoral institution
Table 3-E National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates Doctorate recipients in S&E fields with postgraduation plans for non-postdoc employment in the United States in the business or industry sector, by region of employment
Table 3-F National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Survey of Earned Doctorates Doctorate recipients in S&E fields with postgraduation plans for non-postdoc employment in the United States in the business or industry sector, by region of employment
Graphic Provider Product Source
Figure 4-1 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Patterns of R&D Resources U.S. R&D expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: annual series
U.S. R&D expenditures, by source of funds and performing sector: annual series
Table 4-1 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Patterns of R&D Resources U.S. R&D expenditures by performing sector and source of funds: annual series
App. Table 4-1 Bureau of Economic Analysis National Economic Accounts Current dollar and real GDP
National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Patterns of R&D Resources Gross domestic product, total R&D, ratio of R&D to gross domestic product: 1953-2015
Figure 4-2 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Patterns of R&D Resources U.S. R&D expenditures by performing sector and source of funds: annual series
Table 4-2 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Patterns of R&D Resources U.S. R&D expenditures by performing sector and source of funds: annual series
App. Table 4-2 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Patterns of R&D Resources U.S. R&D expenditures by performing sector and source of funds
Figure 4-3 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Patterns of R&D Resources U.S. gross domestic product and R&D: 1953–2015: Gross domestic product, total R&D, ratio of R&D to gross domestic product
Table 4-3 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Patterns of R&D Resources U.S. applied research expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: annual series
U.S. basic research expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: annual series
U.S. development expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: annual series
App. Table 4-3 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Patterns of R&D Resources U.S. basic research expenditures, by source of funds and performing sector
Figure 4-4 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Patterns of R&D Resources U.S. R&D expenditures, by source of funds and performing sector: annual series
Table 4-4 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Patterns of R&D Resources U.S. applied research expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: annual series
U.S. basic research expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: annual series
U.S. development expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: annual series
App. Table 4-4 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics National Patterns of R&D Resources U.S. applied research expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: annual series
Figure 4-5 Organization for Econ