Next Generation Computing and Communications
This century will be marked by the revolutionary use of computing and wireless communication. Computing and wireless communication evolved from their limited but promising uses in academia, industry, and defense, to ubiquitously affect our daily lives. For example, research conducted by the computer and semiconductor industries transformed telecommunications, retail sales, and banking. National Science Foundation (NSF) investments in the nation's first academic computer science departments helped mark the beginning of this revolution, and the agency will continue to promote economic and social change with its new initiatives in 2012.
The Wireless Innovation (WIN) Fund and Enhancing Access to the Radio Spectrum (EARS) are NSF's contributions to the national priorities set by the Administration. The WIN Fund, funded through receipts generated from electromagnetic spectrum auctions, would support multi-year investments in basic research and wireless testbeds. A particular focus would be investments in EARS, which will fund the next generation of technologies and methodologies that will optimize the existing infrastructure and create more advanced tools such as cognitive radio systems and the mobile use of the millimeter wave bands. The goals are to enhance America's wireless infrastructure for economic and societal benefit.
Cyberinfrastructure Framework for 21st Century Science and Engineering (CIF21) aims to transform existing academic science and engineering networks with new modalities to support data-enabled science via better data collection, curation and management; community research networks that will better connect people, facilities, computers, and other tools; a new computational infrastructure to support advancements in computational resources; and access and connectivity to cyberinfrastructure facilities to promote collaborative research projects.
Science and Engineering Beyond Moore's Law (SEBML), a multidisciplinary research investment, aims to surpass the physical and conceptual limits that will halt computer processing development within the next 10 to 20 years. This initiative aims for breakthroughs in input/output, data storage, reductions in energy consumption, and sheer computing power.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.
Useful NSF Web Sites: