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Maps of Internet Growth 1960s through 1990s (pdf)
Map of the Internet 2007 (pdf)
Report of the Panel on Large Scale Computing in Science and Engineering (pdf)
Also known as the Lax Report, this report in 1982 was influential in the creation of NSF's supercomputing centers and efforts to network them together, leading to the NSFNET.
Sharing the Supercomputers
John Markoff of the New York Times wrote about the NSFNET project in this 1990 article.
Management of NSFNET
This document is a transcript of a 1992 hearing before the U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Science of the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, which had oversight over the NSFNET project.
NSFNET: A Partnership for High-Speed Networking Final Report (pdf)
This report was produced in 1995 by MERIT Networks, Inc., one of the original NSFNET partners. It provides a summary of the project and the conditions that lead to the decision to decommission the network in 1995.
Retiring the NSFNET Backbone Service: Chronicling the End of an Era A year after the NSFNET was retired in 1995, Susan R. Harris, Ph.D., and Elise Gerich wrote this article about the project for the journal ConneXions.
Other Resources
An explanation of TCP/IP from Wikipedia
NSFNET Diagrams
Diagrams of NSFNET throughout its development from MERIT Networks, Inc.
NSFNET on Wikipedia
NSFNET entry on
NSFNET Conference
In November, 2007, over 200 of the researchers and scientists who worked on the NSFNET project gathered in Arlington, Virginia to reflect on their experiences. Video from the three-day event are available online.
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Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations presented in this material are only those of the presenter grantee/researcher, author, or agency employee; and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.