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Funding and Support Descriptions

WHERE IT COMES FROM

FY 2020 Appropriations by Account - $ 8,354 million

Appropriation

$ in Millions

Percent of total

Research & Related Activities (R&RA) 6,790 81%
Education & Human Resources (EHR) 943 11%
Major Research Equipment & Facilities Construction (MREFC) 243 3%
Agency Operations & Award Management (AOAM) 358 4%
National Science Board (NSB) 5 < 1%
Office of Inspector General (OIG) 17 < 1%

Note: $19.8 million of annual appropriated funding was transferred from R&RA ($17.4 million) and EHR ($2.5 million) to AOAM. Totals include $76 million in CARES Act funding. $5 million of CARES Act funding was transferred from R&RA to EHR. Totals may not add due to rounding.

WHERE IT GOES - INSTITUTIONS FUNDED BY NSF

FY 2020 Obligations for Research and Education Programs $7,917 million

INSTITUTIONS FUNDED BY NSF

$ in Millions

Percent of total

Colleges, Universities, and Academic Consortia 6,325 80%
Private Industry (includes small businesses and non-profit organizations) 1,014 13%
Other (includes government entities (federal, state, and local) and international organizations) 311 4%
Federally Funded Research & Development Centers 267 3%

Note: NSF Research and Education programs include - R&RA, EHR, and MREFC appropriations. Totals may not add due to rounding.

HOW IT GETS THERE - NSF AWARD MECHANISMS

FY 2020 Obligations for Research and Education Programs $7,917 million

AWARD MECHANISMS

$ in Millions

Percent of total

Grants 5,864 74%
Cooperative Agreements 1,667 21%
Contracts 385 5%

Note: NSF Research and Education programs include - R&RA, EHR, and MREFC appropriations. Totals may not add due to rounding.

HOW IT IS SPENT

Number of NSF Competitive Proposals, New Awards, and Funding Rates

Fiscal Year

Competitive Proposals

Awards

Funding Rate (percent)

FY 2016 49,306 11,893 24%
FY 2017 49,425 11,456 23%
FY 2018 48,336 11,717 24%
FY 2019 41,033 11,252 27%
FY 2020 42,726 12,171 28%

NSF Support of Academic Basic Research in Selected Fields (as a percentage of total federal support)

All Science and Engineering Fields 24%
Physical Sciences 39%
Engineering 43%
Environmental Sciences 61%
Mathematics 68%
Social and Psychological Sciences 65%
Biology 66%
Computer Science 87%

Note: New awards area subset of competitive proposals.
Biology includes Biological Sciences and Environmental Biology. Biology and Psychological Sciences exclude National Institutes of Health.

Source: NSF/National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Federal Funds for Research & Development, FY 2018.