Main lava channel from Leningradskoye lava field
The main lava channel from the Leningradskoye lava field during the Tolbachik 2012-2013 eruption, which began Nov. 27, 2012, after 36 years of inactivity. Outside air temperatures during January fieldwork were close to 0 degrees F, but work along the lava flow kept researchers warm.
Ben Edwards, a professor of Earth sciences at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, was funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) through a RAPID (Grant for Rapid Response Research) grant (EAR 1321648) to study lava-snow interactions and their eruptive products of Tolbachik. (Date image taken: January 2013; date originally posted to NSF Multimedia Gallery: May 30, 2019)
Credit: Benjamin R. Edwards
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