Email Print Share
May 31, 2019

Main lava channel from Leningradskoye lava field

The main lava channel from the Leningradskoye lava field during the Tolbachik 2012-2013 eruption, which began Nov. 27, 2012, after 36 years of inactivity. Outside air temperatures during January fieldwork were close to 0 degrees F, but work along the lava flow kept researchers warm.

Ben Edwards, a professor of Earth sciences at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, was funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) through a RAPID (Grant for Rapid Response Research) grant (EAR 1321648) to study lava-snow interactions and their eruptive products of Tolbachik. (Date image taken: January 2013; date originally posted to NSF Multimedia Gallery: May 30, 2019)

Credit: Benjamin R. Edwards

Images and other media in the National Science Foundation Multimedia Gallery are available for use in print and electronic material by NSF employees, members of the media, university staff, teachers and the general public. All media in the gallery are intended for personal, educational and nonprofit/non-commercial use only.

Images credited to the National Science Foundation, a federal agency, are in the public domain. The images were created by employees of the United States Government as part of their official duties or prepared by contractors as "works for hire" for NSF. You may freely use NSF-credited images and, at your discretion, credit NSF with a "Courtesy: National Science Foundation" notation.

Additional information about general usage can be found in Conditions.

Also Available:
Download the high-resolution JPG version of the image. (520.4 KB)

Use your mouse to right-click (Mac users may need to Ctrl-click) the link above and choose the option that will save the file or target to your computer.