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"Heartspeakers" -- The Discovery Files

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Researchers at the University of Washington have developed a new tool to monitor people for cardiac arrest while they're asleep without touching them. The tool has the ability to scan sound recordings for signs of agonal breathing using a machine learning algorithm, which potentially could be installed in smartphones or smart speakers like Amazon Alexa. Agonal breathing, a sign of cardiac arrest, is when people suddenly become unresponsive and either stop breathing or gasp for air.

Credit: NSF/Karson Productions

Audio Transcript:

Breath-taking.

I'm Bob Karson with the Discovery Files, from the National Science Foundation.

Smart speakers perform many life-easing tasks. Now, from researchers at the University of Washington what could be a life-saving task: monitoring people for cardiac arrest while they sleep. The team has created an algorithm that allows smart speakers to ID signs of "agonal" breathing.

During cardiac arrest, when people's oxygen levels are very low, they may switch to a pattern known as agonal breathing. (Sound effect: agonal breathing sounds) Widely spaced, forced gutteral gasping gulps for air. A good indicator of cardiac arrest -- as-long-as there's a bystander to hear it -- human or smart speaker.

The UW team taught their program what to listen for by exposing it to recordings of agonal breathing collected from actual 9-1-1 calls. (Sound effect: 911 dispatcher) Sound clips that trained the algorithm to correctly identify it 97 percent of the time from up to 20 feet away.

The researchers envision their algorithm running locally either on a smart speaker's processor -- no need to send anything to the cloud -- or on a smartphone app. It knows the difference between snoring or other heavy breathing and will alert a close family member or call 9-1-1 for help.

(Sound effect: heartbeat) ôSmart Speaker? This is more like, "Heart Speaker" technology.

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