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News Release 11-231

Long-term Survey Reveals Gen Xers Are Active, Balanced and Happy

Surprisingly, people born between 1961 and 1981 are not isolated socially

Photo of two Generation X skydivers.

New study says Generation X not quite what was expected.

October 25, 2011

View a webcast with political scientist Jon D. Miller of the University of Michigan.

This material is available primarily for archival purposes. Telephone numbers or other contact information may be out of date; please see current contact information at media contacts.

Despite being stereotyped as a bunch of insecure underachievers, most members of Generation X lead active, balanced and happy lives, according to a long-term University of Michigan survey.

"They are not bowling alone," says political scientist Jon D. Miller, author of The Generation X Report. "They are active in their communities, mainly satisfied with their jobs and able to balance work, family and leisure."

Miller directs the Longitudinal Study of American Youth (LSAY) at the Institute for Social Research at University of Michigan. The study, funded by the National Science Foundation since 1986, now includes responses from approximately 4,000 Gen Xers--those born between 1961 and 1981.

"The LSAY is one of the longest-running longitudinal studies of Americans and addresses a broad variety of their attitudes, perceptions and everyday activities," says Gavin Fulmer, associate program director in NSF's Division of Research on Learning.

"It is especially important as one of the only longitudinal surveys to examine participants' engagement with science and mathematics from formal schooling and into everyday life, including their participation in lifelong science learning activities for themselves and with their own children," Fulmer says.

"The 84 million Americans in this generation between the ages of 30 and 50 are the parents of today's school-aged children," says Miller. "And over the next two or three decades, members of Generation X will lead the nation in the White House and Congress. So it's important to understand their values, history, current challenges and future goals."

The first in a new quarterly series of Generation X Reports describes how Gen Xers are faring in terms of employment and education; marriage and families; parenting; community involvement and religion; social relationships; recreation and leisure; digital life; and happiness and life satisfaction.

Among the findings:

  • Compared to a national sample of all adults, Gen Xers are more likely to be employed and are working and commuting significantly more hours a week than the typical U.S. adult, with 70 percent spending 40 or more hours working and commuting each week;
  • Two-thirds of Generation X adults are married and 71 percent have minor children at home;
  • Three-quarters of the parents of elementary school children say they help their children with homework, with 43 percent providing five or more hours of homework help each week;
  • Thirty percent of Generation X adults are active members of professional, business, or union organizations, and one in three is an active member of a church or religious organization;
  • Ninety-five percent talk on the phone at least once a week to friends or family, and 29 percent say they do so at least once a day.

In sociologist Robert Putnam's influential book, Bowling Alone, he argued that Americans were increasingly isolated socially," says Miller. "But this data indicates that Generation X members are not bowling alone. Although they may be less likely to join community-based luncheon clubs, they have extensive social, occupational, and community networks. They are active participants in parent-teacher organizations, local youth sports clubs, book clubs, and other community organizations."

In addition, Miller points out that nearly 90 percent of Generation X adults participated in at least one outdoor activity, such as hiking, swimming, boating or fishing, and 40 percent engaged in two or more recreation and leisure activities per month.

On the cultural side, 45 percent of the Generation X adults surveyed reported attending at least one play, symphony, opera or ballet performance during the preceding year, and 13 percent said they attended three or more cultural events during the last year.

"Generation X adults are also readers," notes Miller. "Seventy-two percent read a newspaper in print or online at least once a week, and fully 80 percent bought and read at least one book during the last year. Nearly half said that they read six or more books in the last year."

Finally, Miller reports, Generation X adults are happy with their lives, with an average level of 7.5 on a 10-point scale in which 10 equals "very happy."

"That is not to say that some members of this generation are not struggling," says Miller. "And in future issues of the Generation X report we will address some of the challenges many members of this group are facing."

The second Generation X Report will be issued in January 2012, on the topic of influenza. Using data collected during the 2010 influenza epidemic, the January report will explore how young adults kept abreast of the issue and what actions they eventually took to protect themselves and their families. Subsequent reports will cover food and cooking; climate, space exploration, and citizenship and voting.


Media Contacts
Bobbie Mixon, NSF, (703) 292-8070, email:
Diane Swanbrow, University of Michigan, (734) 647-9069, email:

Program Contacts
Gavin W. Fulmer, NSF, (703) 292-7998, email:

Principal Investigators
Jon D. Miller, University of Michigan, email:

The U.S. National Science Foundation propels the nation forward by advancing fundamental research in all fields of science and engineering. NSF supports research and people by providing facilities, instruments and funding to support their ingenuity and sustain the U.S. as a global leader in research and innovation. With a fiscal year 2023 budget of $9.5 billion, NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 40,000 competitive proposals and makes about 11,000 new awards. Those awards include support for cooperative research with industry, Arctic and Antarctic research and operations, and U.S. participation in international scientific efforts.

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